Comparative Security and Defense Policy
- The historical evolution of the security policies of the states both in the post war era and after the fall of the Berlin wall in Europe.
- The course has a global outlook in analyzing the comparative aspect of defence and security policies both in the Global North and the Global South.
- The course shall study the impact of the non state actors in the stabilization/destabilization of the security policy making.
- The policymaking and governance of defence and security in regional institutions
- Equip students through the general concepts and theoretical knowledge of the idea of security – its different dimensions and the challenges.
- The students shall have a basic understanding about the key security challenges of the 21st century and knowledge to identify the emerging challenges too.
- Have the substantial knowledge, comparative material and critical analytical tools to gain deeper insights into - and educate the judgment on - the principled issues at stake about the policy making spaces in security and defense areas. The students shall be aware of the various regional, transnational security and the defense organizations.
- The students shall be aware of the main trends and current affairs in the politico-religious landscape of Asia, Africa and Europe. This will include comparisons with the landscape in other parts of the world, in particular the US. Be in the position to identify the main debates on Security and defense policy making and the role of the regional and multi lateral organization.
- Students will learn about the debates in security policy making process and the role for the non state actors and political theory on the viability and continued justification of the defense build up in the post cold war era
- What are the key security studies issues –whose security, how can it be achieved?The lecture will discuss the key security challenges about the idea of security in the larger perspective of the 21st century challenges. We shall also examine in what way this security can be achieved without jeopardizing the balance of power in the security space.
- The political Subsystem- Defense and security policy processes - Political Security of the government and regimes - ideologies for legitimacyThe section shall examine the different security policy processing of the various types of governments and their respective regimes .The students shall be asked to identify how the defense policy is being planned out by different states while organizing the idea of legitimacy around the security doctrine .
- Societal security policy in regional and multilateral context: The policies of the sustainability and evolution of traditional patterns in state securityThe engagement shall try to identify the other peripheral poliyc design and the learning process patterns of language, culture, and religious and national identity and custom that consolidates and enhances the idea of common security
- Environmental security policy, Climate Risks: the sustainable development goals for the vulnerable states – The security for the next generationThe engagement shall focus on the sustainability as the core condition for the security of the next generation where the environmental hazard has loomed large. The increasing fragility of the ecology shall be discussed in the relationship of the military-industrial complex and the debate to unhinge this untenable path
- The Economic security: a. access to the resources and The Geography of Wars. b. Finance and markets as the preconditions for alliances and defense organizationsThis engagement shall dwell upon in detail the security risks for the maintenance and upkeep of the resources by the powerful states and the struggle by the weaker states to preserve their sovereignty in the real term.Besides, the engagement shall try to examine the financial spaces as the necessary' glue and logic " for the creation and consolidation of the defense alliances
- Military security Policy : interplay between the armed offensive and defensive capabilities of states and interplay of the military alliances organizationsThe asymmetric aspect in the security policy has witnessed an unprecedented growth over the years where the definitive capabilities of states has forced to work through in non conventional ways to maintain security on the one hand while the existing or emerging security alliances are the other important aspect of maintaining and enhancing their competitive strength
- Study of military security Policy as one of the emerging area of the Public Policy concern beyond of security studies /strategic studies, b. Target centered global threat assessment and policy limitationsThe engagement shall through the critical studies perspective try to observe the increasing public engagement in the policy formulation related to the security studies. The global threat assessment and the policy limitations for the think tanks shall be another area of inquiry to understand the limitation of tools for the policy makers in the fragile security environment
- Violence and Insecurity- Gendered perspective on the security studies , b. The policies of the major powers on the IDP and conflict regions area –their implicationThe conflict does have a more devastating effect on the most vulnerable segments of the society namely - the women and the minors and the internally displaced persons in the Policy makers does require a gendered perspective to minimize the damage
- Defense and security policy space as an enterprise in the global political economy and regional policy processThe security and defense policy space has over the years grown into an industry where the regional alliances are not restricted on the security issues but are predicated by the larger menu of economic and political consideration .
- Cyber threats, International terrorism, weapons of mass destruction – Major challenges and the policy making process of the states and the regional military organizations to overcome these challengesOne of the most alarming issue at hand is the increasing sophistry of the cyber security issue where both the terrorist organizations and the state security apparatus are outwitting one another in a never ending contest.The states and the regional organization are to confront in an unprecedented manner this vast range of new challenges both at the regional and global level
- Globalization questioned ?, Crisis and Security and Global Rivalries- Challenges for the mapping a new security policy platformThis concluding thematic shall try to identify the new trends by the revisionist forces where the liberal order based security arrangements have been frayed and now there is an immediate new sets of conventional and non conventional security crisis based on the enhanced and heated rivalries thus necessitating of the new maps of security based on the new security policy
- Is it different from the defense/strategic policy studies Global security issues –Existential and emancipating threatsThe topic does try to examine in what way the Policy issues in the security and defense area takes the central role of inquiry in our study rather than mainstream global security discourse
- Political security of the states – Policy making process for the organizational stability of statesIn this section students shall be asked to observe the capacity and the organizational strength of the states while setting the defense and security policy agenda
- International Migrations, Security and IdentityWith the acceleration of the migration and immigration happening worldwide there is a twin danger of the identity politics, ghettoization of the newly arrived community - the security challenges have become more acute even during the peace time thus necessitating the constant update of the security policy
- Interim assessment (2 module)0.1 * Active participation in class + 0.4 * Final essay + 0.2 * Group presentation + 0.3 * Midterm paper
- Buzan, B., & Hansen, L. (2009). The Evolution of International Security Studies. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=304838
- Coletta, D. (2007). Unipolarity, Globalization, and the War on Terror: Why Security Studies Should Refocus on Comparative Defense. International Studies Review, 9(3), 385–406. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2486.2007.00696.x
- Kraska, J. (2011). Arctic Security in an Age of Climate Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=375954