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Random Matrix Theory

2019/2020
Учебный год
ENG
Обучение ведется на английском языке
6
Кредиты
Статус:
Курс по выбору
Когда читается:
2-й курс, 1 модуль

Преподаватель

Course Syllabus

Abstract

The aim of this course is to provide an introduction to asymptotic and non-asymptotic methods for the study of random structures in high dimension that arise in probability, statistics, computer science, and mathematics. One of the emphases is on the development of a common set of tools that has proved to be useful in a wide range of applications in different areas. Topics will include concentration of measure, Stein’s methods, suprema of random processes and etc. Another main emphasis is on the application of these tools for the study of spectral statistics of random matrices, which are remarkable examples of random structures in high dimension and may be used as models for data, physical phenomena or within randomised computer algorithms. The topics of this course form an essential basis for work in the area of high dimensional data.
Learning Objectives

Learning Objectives

  • Students will study how to apply the main modern probabilistic methods in practice and learn important topics from the random matrix theory
Expected Learning Outcomes

Expected Learning Outcomes

  • Know аcquaintance with the main aspects of the measure concentration phenomenon
  • Know understand random matrix theory and its applications in science and practice
  • Be able ability to solve practical problems with methods from modern probability and random matrix theory
  • Know interrelation between different directions of modern high-dimensional probability theory
  • Be able compute and estimate spectral statistics of random matrices from different random matrix ensembles
  • Know how to apply the main measure concentration inequalities in science and practice
  • Be able select the most efficient probability methods to solve problems in science and practice
  • Be able ability to make an oral and written presentation
  • Be able ability to work with research literature on the modern probability theory
Course Contents

Course Contents

  • Concentration of measure phenomenon
    Tensorization of variance, Sub-Gaussian and subexponential distributions, concentration inequalities for sums of random variables, Bernstein's inequality, Azuma-Hoeffiding inequality
  • Random matrices in science and applications
    Random matrices in statistics, physics, telecommunications, numerical analysis, community detection in networks
  • Norms of random matrices
    Norm of a random symmetric matrix, norms of rectangular matrices, the moment method, Gaussian processes, Sudakov-Fernique inequality
  • Limit theorems for spectra of random matrices
    Stieltjes transform, Wigner’s semicircle law, Marchenko-Pastur law, local limit theorems, Stein’s method
  • Sums of random matrices
    Concentration inequalities and moment inequalities for the sample covariance matrices, spectral projectors, principal component analysis
  • Sample covariance matrices
    Concentration inequalities and moment inequalities for the sample covariance matrices, spectral projectors, principal component analysis
  • Gaussian ensembles of random matrices
    Gaussian Unitary Ensemble (GUE), Gaussian Orthogonal ensemble (GOE), Wishart ensemble, eigenvalues density, eigenvectors, Determinantal structure, Spectral statistics, Wigner-Dyson-Gaudin-Mehta conjecture
  • Random vectors in high dimension
    Multivariate Gaussian distribution, distribution of norm of random vector, dimensionality reduction, Johnson-Lindenstrauss lemma
  • Individual projects
Assessment Elements

Assessment Elements

  • non-blocking Home assignments
    Home assignment: should be done in the form of a written report. The sample of the task structure: • title page • A4 format • Task solution
  • non-blocking Individual project
  • non-blocking Fnal exam
Interim Assessment

Interim Assessment

  • Interim assessment (1 module)
    0.4 * Fnal exam + 0.4 * Home assignments + 0.2 * Individual project
Bibliography

Bibliography

Recommended Core Bibliography

  • Bai, Z., & Silverstein, J. W. (2010). Spectral Analysis of Large Dimensional Random Matrices (Vol. 2nd ed). New York: Springer. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=341481
  • van Handel, R. (2016). Structured Random Matrices. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-7005-6_4

Recommended Additional Bibliography

  • Götze, F., Naumov, A., Tikhomirov, A., & Timushev, D. (2016). On the Local Semicircular Law for Wigner Ensembles. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.1C0BB6C9