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Российская рецепция хайдеггеровской критики техники и национал-социализма в контексте дискуссии вокруг публикации "Черных тетрадей"

2017

Martin Heidegger is the key figure in the 20th century philosophy. But there is no common opinion on the core of his philosophy even in Germany. For example, contemporary German researcher G. Figal considers that in spite of the wide discussion of Heidegger’s texts he has not become the classic philosopher yet. There are contradictory estimations of Heidegger’s philosophy and ideology in different schools of his interpreters that include particular national traditions as well. The fact is that authentic national tradition of translation, studying and considering Heidegger’s ideas has occurred today in Russia. Heidegger belongs to the western thinkers who affected modern philosophical situation in Russia strongly as well as Hegel, Shelling or Nietzsche. Nevertheless there is no general picture of perception and critique of Heidegger’s philosophy in the Russian philosophical space. Last two years saw another flare-up in the ongoing controversy regarding the philosopher Martin Heidegger who was also implicated in National Socialism in 1932-34 but later tried to distance himself from its ideology and develop the critique of modernity. The latest revelations have emerged from his “Black Notebooks” which were a philosophical diary written between 1931 until the 1970s, whose publication was authorised by Heidegger only after the appearance of all his other works. The topic of the research proposal is the Russian reception of Heidegger’s critique of the technological revolution and National Socialism movement as a climax of modernity. It also covers its impact on post-Soviet Russian thought, using as example Vladimir Bibikhin, Valeriy Podoroga, Alexandr Mikhailov, Nelli Motroshilova and the ongoing discussion about the “Black Notebooks” and the political dimension in Heidegger’s thought.The first part examines the specific Russian reception of Heidegger’s philosophy. In the second part, it will be investigated how the astounding success of this alleged critique of modernity in Russia can be explained as an analysis of totalitarianism (National Socialism and Communism). At its core, the project thus addresses the question how Heidegger’s account of totalitarianism as an expression of modernity has shaped the account of the “the political”. The project will also reassure the integrality of philosophy and socially and politically relevant beliefs that stem from philosopher’s own personal take on the world.  

Публикации по проекту:


Михайловский А. В. Хайдеггер будущего и будущее Хайдеггера // HORIZON. Феноменологические исследования. 2018. Т. 7. № 2. С. 337-364. doi
Михайловский А. В. Начало «Черных тетрадей»: эзотерическая инициатива Мартина Хайдеггера // Социологическое обозрение. 2018
Михайловский А. В. Хайдеггер и Аристотель о techne и physis. Cтатья вторая. «Подлинная техника» // Вестник РГГУ. Серия: Философия. Социология. Искусствоведение. 2017. № 1 (7). С. 36-46.
Михайловский А. В. Хайдеггер будущего и будущее Хайдеггера // HORIZON. Феноменологические исследования. 2018. Т. 7. № 2