• A
  • A
  • A
  • АБВ
  • АБВ
  • АБВ
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
Обычная версия сайта

Исследование неформальной взаимопомощи в России: культурные детерминанты и другие причины неформального волонтерства

2018

Informal volunteering is unpaid, voluntary work for the benefit of other people not coordinated by an organization or institution. Much of informal volunteering is reciprocal, with people taking turns helping one another through time, or with members of informal groups helping each other. This behaviour is found among individuals living outside the same household, in the sphere where they work together, participate in political or social movements, involve in religious activity, take part in educational activities, and other areas of private and public life. Informal volunteering, compared with formal volunteering or state assistance, has historically been the most important way that people received assistance when they needed it. Several authors recognize informal volunteering as the most common type of human helping behavior, but argue that this behavior is the least studied. The psychological motives for informal volunteering are similar to those for formal volunteering. However, little is known about the economic and social benefits of informal volunteering in Russia, and the state of knowledge is not yet complete to inform public policy. Existing informal helping networks can make public and private projects more effective if government learns how to involve them. 
This research is designed to collect data on informal volunteering in Russia and provide multinomial explanatory analysis for this type of behavior. Earlier surveys in Russia measured and described person-to-person informal helping activities, such as lending money, providing child care, cooking meals, doing household repairs, listening to a friend’s problem, and offering advice. These studies described informal volunteering including individual characteristics of a giver and built the list of services provided informally without checking for association between the type of informal volunteering and the giver motives and characteristics. 

Present research design is different in terms of goals and analytical approaches. This study will focus on explaining and predicting informal volunteering in three occupational groups at Russian universities. The study will collect the data on the motives, the modes, the economic benefits and costs of informal volunteering for help recipients and providers. The study will employ the econometric models to predict the probability of participation in informal volunteering by socioeconomic factors, personal values, religious affiliation, and other variables. this study utilizes existing theory of formal volunteering to test their prediction power for the social phenomenon of informal volunteering. This study differentiates the informal volunteering effects in three groups of respondents. 

Moreover, this research will develop the ruble denominator estimates of the economic contribution of informal volunteering to the government social service programs. The author uses the method of surrogate pricing approach to monetize the individual contribution value. The author attaches the ruble value to informal services to estimate how much Russian government saves when people help one another.