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Bachelor 2020/2021

The Emergence of the Modern Middle East - Part I

Type: Elective course (Asian and African Studies)
Area of studies: Asian and African Studies
When: 4 year, 3 module
Mode of studies: distance learning
Open to: students of one campus
Instructors: Leonid Issaev
Language: English
ECTS credits: 4

Course Syllabus

Abstract

This course will review the emergence of the modern Middle East from the fall of the Ottoman Empire, at the end of the First World War to the present. We will discuss the Ottoman legacy in the region and the Western imperial impact on the creation of the Arab state system. The course will review the rise and retreat of Arab nationalism, the problems of internal cohesion of the Arab states, issues of religion and state, and the evolution of Islamist politics. We will also focus on the evolution of the Arab-Israeli conflict and its impact on the region and will conclude with an in depth analysis of the “Arab Spring” by placing these contemporary revolutionary events in their historical context.
Learning Objectives

Learning Objectives

  • This course aims to introduce students to the main political processes in the region, as well as provide students with relevant theoretical tools to assess political and economic processes in the region.
Expected Learning Outcomes

Expected Learning Outcomes

  • Know: the basic prerequisites for the development of the Arab national idea in the Middle East and North Africa.
  • Know: the ideas of political Islam, as well as their place in the socio-political development of the modern Middle East and North Africa.
  • Know: the main conflicts that arose in the region of the Middle East and North Africa, as well as their causes and consequences for the region.
Course Contents

Course Contents

  • On-line part
    This course is based on the on-line course “The Emergence of the Modern Middle East - Part 1” (https://www.coursera.org/learn/modern-middle-east-1), which is realized on the Coursera platform by the professor of Tel Aviv University Asher Susser.
  • Arab nationalism and integration processes in the Middle East and North Africa
    Arab nationalism: statement of the question and parameters of the phenomenon. The place of Islam and Islamic culture in the phenomenon of Arab nationalism. The task of Arab nationalism and methods for its implementation. The idea of "Arabism" as a way to create a politically united community and national revival. Syrian-Lebanese version of Arab nationalism. The origin of the ideas of the Arab national revival and the role of the Christian intelligentsia in this process. The concept of "historical Syria" and its evolution. The influence of internal processes in the Ottoman Empire on the formation of the Arab national idea. Evolution of the ideas of the "Egyptian nation" and "unity of the the Nile Valley" after the First World War. Egyptian vision of the Arab world and the place of Egypt in it.
  • The emergence of the Islamic concept of the world order
    The development of Islamic political and legal thought of the XIX-XX centuries. The emergence and development of pan-Islamic ideas in al-Afghanistan. The concept of pan-Islamism and attempts at its practical implementation. The sovereignty of nations in the works of al-Afghanistan. Islamic reformism in the works of M. Abdo. A.A. Maududi is the founder of the ideology of Islamic fundamentalism. Formation, development and organizational principles of functioning of the “Jamaat Islamiyah”. A look at Islamic fundamentalism in the 21st century.
  • Conflicts in the Middle East and North Africa
    The policy of the Arab countries during the Suez crisis. The unification of Egypt and Syria and the creation of the UAR. The interests of Egypt and Syria. Contradictions between political elites of both countries. The attitude of other Arab states towards the unification process. The collapse of the UAR in 1961. An anti-monarchist coup in Yemen in 1962. Contradictions between Egypt and Saudi Arabia. Arab Positions Regarding Kuwait's Admission to the Arab League. Egypt's role in protecting Kuwait from claims by Iraq. The attitude of the Arab countries to the Iran-Iraq war. Support from Iraq by neighboring Arab Gulf countries. The special position of Syria. The intensification of the contradictions between the Arab countries and Iran. Conflict situations between the Arab countries of the Persian Gulf and Iran. Arab countries as objects of Iran’s policy of “exporting the Iranian revolution”. Iraq crisis. Disagreements between Arab countries over Iraqi aggression. The participation of several Arab countries in the military operation to liberate Kuwait. Damask Declaration on Regional Security. Relations between Iraq and Arab countries during the period of international sanctions against Iraq.
Assessment Elements

Assessment Elements

  • non-blocking Online component
    Students have to self-study an online course “The Emergence of the Modern Middle East - Part 1” in English language on the Coursera platform [coursera.org] https://www.coursera.org/learn/modern-middle-east-1.
  • non-blocking Quiz
    Quiz is carried out in the form of a test (questions with one correct answer), including 15 questions (15 min).
  • non-blocking Exam
    Exam is carried out in the form of a test (with open questions, questions with one and multiple correct answers) including 20-25 questions (25-30 min).
Interim Assessment

Interim Assessment

  • Interim assessment (3 module)
    0.3 * Exam + 0.5 * Online component + 0.2 * Quiz
Bibliography

Bibliography

Recommended Core Bibliography

  • Jacqueline S. Ismael, Tareq Y. Ismael, & Glenn Perry. (2015). Government and Politics of the Contemporary Middle East : Continuity and Change: Vol. Second edition. Routledge.

Recommended Additional Bibliography

  • Adeed Dawisha. (2016). Arab Nationalism in the Twentieth Century : From Triumph to Despair - New Edition with a New Chapter on the Twenty-first-century Arab World: Vol. New edition. Princeton University Press.
  • Peter Hinchcliffe, & Beverley Milton-Edwards. (2008). Conflicts in the Middle East Since 1945: Vol. 3rd ed. Routledge.
  • Vasiliev, A. V. (DE-588)1178178919, (DE-627)1049257553, (DE-576)517716577, aut. (2018). Russia’s Middle East policy from Lenin to Putin Alexey Vasiliev.