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The Problem of Populism in Modern Constitutional Law (Comparative Legal Study of the Practice of Foreign Bodies of Constitutional Control and Representative Bodies).

Student: Yuliya Novoselova

Supervisor: Dmitry Kuznetsov

Faculty: School of Law

Educational Programme: Jurisprudence (Bachelor)

Year of Graduation: 2018

This thesis is aimed at studying the problem of populism and its impact on the law and the constitutional order in different countries. In addition, the paper presents a comparative analysis of the institution of constitutional control in different countries, made a comparative legal study of the practice of Russian and foreign bodies of constitutional control and representative bodies in the framework of the relevant problem. The relevance of the study is due to the growing wave of populism and its influence on constitutional human rights and democratic foundations of a democratic liberal society of the second half of the twentieth century that, in General, encourages us to explore the question of whether it is possible through law to protect society from populism and at the same time to keep balance and not turning democracy into mob rule, and does not come in that way to an authoritarian state. The first Chapter deals with the concept of populism: the emergence of this term is considered and a historical tour is conducted, the signs of populism are studied, and various approaches to understanding this phenomenon are investigated. The second Chapter examines the establishment of the institution of constitutional review, three main models of constitutional review, as well as the bodies of constitutional justice and their role in the protection of democratic regimes. The third Chapter provides an analysis of the most relevant precedents, reflecting the General problems of the work and their assessment from the legal point of view.

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