Year of Graduation
Status of a Philosophical Prediction: the Future According to I. Kant and M. Heidegger
he history of philosophy has shown that thinkers made and continue making judgments about the future – the future of humanity, culture, civilization, state etc. What specific knowledge do philosophers own? On what theoretical basis do they build their predictions? In order to answer these questions, the author addresses to the predictions of two key figures in the history of thought: Immanuel Kant and Martin Heidegger, who demonstrate a completely different understanding of the future. It is hypothesized that despite all the substantive differences in the philosophical prediction, it is possible to find some basis – a theoretical "core" around which it is built. Not only philosophy, but also science, religion, literature make judgments about the future. The assumption that such a “core” makes it possible to speak of philosophical prediction as a separate intellectual problem, it also emphasizes the specificity of philosophy in relation to other areas of human knowledge. The study is structured as a consistent answer to three questions: 1) How do Kant and Heidegger see the future? 2) On what theoretical grounds do they build their prediction? 3) What is the status of philosophical prediction? The result of the work were ten provisions that characterize it.