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Rise of European Nationalism and European Integration after 2015 on Example of Some European Union Member States

Student: Egor Chernousov

Supervisor: Maxim Bratersky

Faculty: Faculty of World Economy and International Affairs

Educational Programme: Double degree programme in International Relations of the NRU HSE and the University of London (Bachelor)

Year of Graduation: 2021

Initial aim of the work was to find interrelation between migrants, who are continuously fleeing to the European Union country- members and right- parties, popularity of which has increasingly grew in corresponding states. Despite fundamental differences among the objects of the study, namely highly industrialized Germany and France, too liberal Sweden, quite agrarian societies of Poland and Hungary, the appearance of anti- migrants aspirations have been traced everywhere. In some cases it resulted in breaks within societies, rupturing it on parts, in other cases, these aspirations appeared to be just an addition to the policies of coherent parties. Nonetheless, on the brink of the Migrant crisis 2015, parties, which initially supported further integration into the EU as well as advocated for continuation of migrants' reception have drastically lost support from the population, while radical parties acting totally against migrants and further integration into the Union, while supporting nationalistic rhetoric gain more and more significant support from the people, with both of theses facts being easily traced through local elections. Despite the research is unable to predict the Future, it is quite obvious that in case of right-wing parties desiring to exit EU will form the government, the whole idea of European Union may face a time of troubles and notorious case of Brexit may stope being the single case.

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