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Business Environment and Anti-Corruption Policy in Indonesia and Malaysia since 2010s

Student: Muhammad nurul Yatim

Supervisor: Sanjay Kumar Rajhans

Faculty: Faculty of Social Sciences

Educational Programme: Political Analysis and Public Policy (Master)

Year of Graduation: 2021

This study explains more deeply related to the business environment and anti-corruption policy in Indonesia and Malaysia since 2010s. This study elucidates how anti-corruption policy in Malaysia and Indonesia are comparable but there are slight differences that greatly affect the results of the policies of the two countries. However, the business environment of the countries is still developing and growing which emphasizes to scale aspect and the number of MSMEs and corporations as well as foreign investment. Some policies were formulated because these two sectors have been the main support for the economy of the two countries to these days. This research uses a mix method, namely qualitative and quantitative. This research use in-dept interview and survey as well. These kinds of methods are fit to this research because this research use primary and secondary data. Survey research is a research tool that is generally used for large and extensive data collection. This research conducts a survey in small populations. On the other hand, this research also uses in-dept interview with expert to get more concise data which useful to get high quality of the result. This research found that the anti-corruption policies produced by the two countries have differences which for Indonesia had prioritized the enforcement and eradication of corruption on a larger scale or on a national scale that attract the public attention. Meanwhile, Malaysia focuses on anti-corruption policies in the lower sector, especially in the licensing sector, therefore Malaysia has an index of ease of doing business which is much better than Indonesia because the Indonesian government has not maximally eradicated corruption at the lower level or at licensing sector. Keyword: anti-corruption policy, business environment, ease of doing business

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