Year of Graduation
The Media Politics of Big Soviet Science: the Strategies of Visual Representation of Space and the Atom in Press of 1950-1960
Faculty of Media Communications
Author of this work makes a study of visual policy of soviet atom and space programs at the time of their blossom (1950-60). The main scope of work is to educe the specificity of visual policy during 1950-1960 in the press. The empiric materials include the Pravda (the main paper of USSR) and the Vpered (city paper in Obninsk).To achieve the aim it needs to solve some theoretical and practical objects. The first one is to characterize concept of big science, to clarify conceptual frame of work: visuality, representation, look, vision, the work of vision. The next scope is to analyse the Pravda from 1950 to 1969 years and the Vpered from 1957 to 1969 years.Concept of big science that was forced in application by A. Weinberg is very useful for this investigation. Concept describes the changing status of science in modern – it becomes medialized. Author of this work founds that representation of space and atom has a lot of similarity in the Pravda and in the Vpered. In both atom are visualized only in photography, but space also becomes visual in illustration (especially in celebration issues of newspapers) . Atom and space were included in constructivist discourse of policy that existed in media also. Atom had to be the energy of communism and space had to be its symbol. But space had more advantages than atom. The capability to include a lot of ordinary, non-scientific people in space through the practice of watching the Sputnik opposes closed laboratory of nuclear physics. In opposition to representation of atom, where only material facts such as technology and scientists took place, space has sophisticated play of visual-unvisual. For example, watching people for Sputnik who fixed visual representation of unvisual space.