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Study of Business in Russia and Countries of the World

Student: Ekaterina Kordysh

Supervisor: Vladimir Elahovsky

Faculty: Faculty of Economic Sciences

Educational Programme: Economics and Statistics (Bachelor)

Year of Graduation: 2017

The purpose of the study is a statistical analysis of the development of entrepreneurship in countries of the world and the identification of factors that affect the level of development of entrepreneurial activities. To achieve this goal, the following tasks were set: analyze the differentiation of the regions of the Russian Federation depending on a number of indicators potentially affecting the number of entrepreneurs in the country, to build the forecast values of the index of entrepreneurial activity in Russia, to consider the potential economic factors affecting the development of entrepreneurship in the countries of the world, to determine the relationship between the indicator of the level of entrepreneurial activity and various factors. As a research tool, the following methods were used in the work: graphical and descriptive analysis, regression analysis, k-means cluster analysis, MGC method, and forecasting method using ARIMA autoregressive model and moving average (p.d.q.). In the first part of the study, indicators were identified that potentially affect the indicator of the number of individual entrepreneurs, which in turn reflects the level of development of entrepreneurship in the country. Analyzing the index of the general level of entrepreneurial activity in the early stages (Russia) it was possible to note a slight decrease in the TEA in 2017 And a jump of 17% in the next year, and then a continuing gradual increase in the index. Based on the results of the analysis of factors potentially affecting the TEA indicator, a correlation was found with such factors as the share of women in entrepreneurship, the rate of inflation growth, the level of innovative development, the index of fear and failure of creating your own business and an index reflecting the costs of research and development.

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