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Frameworks of Measuring and Forecasting Competencies for the Modern Economy: Trends and Development Prospects Based on the Analysis of International Experience

Student: Paulina Gass

Supervisor: Pavel Sergeevich Sorokin

Faculty: Institute of Education

Educational Programme: Evidence-based Educational Policy (Master)

Year of Graduation: 2020

The master's thesis is devoted to the problem of studying and systematizing the world practice of measuring professional skills in the context of modern socio-economic trends. The “paradox of productivity” and the skills imbalance in the labor market acknowledged by world experts show that signals from the market either arrive incorrectly or do not have time to be recorded and processed by the education system in the conditions of modern scientific and technological development. As a result, the measurement and forecasting of specific human capital (professional skills) become as relevant as the same procedures with the general human capital. The study contains a meta-analysis of the practice of measuring professional skills in three fields: academic, expert, and practical (cases of applied measurements). This type of analysis, including all three types of sources, is carried out for the first time. Formulation and analysis of a database of sources on the topic of measuring professional skills over the past seven years are considered as the main result of the study. Two approaches to data analysis were distinguished: traditional and innovative ones. An in-depth analysis of cases was carried out to fully describe the nature of the analyzed phenomena and the possibility of their application in practical policies. The possibilities and limitations of each approach are revealed, both on the basis of specific sources of the data used, and on the basis of their nature.

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