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Plagiarism in Written Assignments

Plagiarism is defined at HSE as the use in a written assignment of someone else’s text, which has been published in paper or online, without a full footnote or with footnotes, when the volume and the nature of borrowings place doubt as to the originality of the paper or one of its key parts. Plagiarism can be found to be two types:

  • word-for-word borrowing of someone else’s text;
  • paraphrasing someone else’s text by replacing words and expressions, without changing the content of the borrowed text.

According to the ‘HSE Regulations on Disciplinary Actions in Case of Violations of Academic Norms in Written Assignments’, written assignments include all written assignments carried out by students during on-going, interim and final assessments in accordance with a given curriculum, as well as during the final state certification (FSC) process. They include home assignments, reports, essays, tests, written assignments done during exams, term papers and theses, as well as thesis projects produced in English.

All assignments should be written by students independently. In accordance with the ‘Regulations on Checking Student Papers for Plagiarism and the Publication of Bachelor’s, Specialist and Master’s Theses on the HSE Corporate Website’, written homework assignments, reports, essays and tests may be optionally checked at the discretion of course instructors. Such papers shall be submitted as electronic files in a chosen text format (*.doc, *.rtf, *.txt), or in *.pdf, after a file has been saved in the text editor. All student papers must include a standard cover page as an integral element.

Term papers, theses, and final examination papers prepared by HSE students shall be subject to mandatory checks for plagiarism. Within the time limits prescribed by the directive of their degree programme, students must download files with their papers through a special form, which is accessible via the student’s own personal account in HSE LMS.

Instructions for Uploading Papers to HSE LMS for Plagiarism Check (in Russian)

Students shall submit a standard registration form printed out from the Antiplagiat system. This should include the student’s name, registration number in the system, and data on the submission, along with second readers’ reviews. The form shall be submitted to students’ respective departments. Students are responsible for timely submission of this form.

The Information Resources Office conducts initial technical checks of term papers, thesis projects in English and individual student theses. Information on papers, which include less than 80% original content, shall be forwarded to a paper’s academic supervisor.

Final decisions as to whether or not copied material in a paper has been used appropriately, as it appears from reports provided by the Information Resources Office, shall be made by the academic supervisor of each paper, respectively.

Students bear responsibility for any plagiarism in their papers.

If a violation of academic norms is uncovered, which casts doubt on the originality of the paper or one of its key parts, the instructor shall grade the paper as ‘unsatisfactory’ (0 on 10-grade scale) and thus writes an official note to the relevant faculty dean/department head requesting disciplinary action. Such an assignment is considered as failed. According to paragraph 2.1 of the ‘HSE Regulations on Disciplinary Actions in Case of Violations of Academic Norms in Written Assignments’, a violation of academic norms in a written assignment shall result in the following disciplinary actions: notice, reproof, or dismissal.

Rules for quotations must be followed in written assignments. Rules for quotations and reference lists can be found in:

  • Special publications, such as ‘Academic Citation Rules’;
  • State Standard ‘GOST 7.1-2003 Bibliographic Records. Bibliographic Descriptions. General Requirements and Rules’;
  • Methodic recommendations for student theses and term papers published on the websites of educational programmes.

Students often ask about the possibility of using their own papers (such as term papers or their parts) in their thesis work. Student theses can be based on generalizations of their earlier term papers. Such an option may be mentioned in an educational programme’s rules on thesis preparations. Academic supervisors shall help students reach a final decision about using texts from their term papers in theses. As per the Regulations on the use of the Antiplagiat system, a final decision as to whether or not copied material in a paper has been used appropriately, as it appears from reports provided by the Information Resources Office, shall be made by each paper’s academic supervisor, respectively. Please remember that Antiplagiat is only a helpful tool. In the end, it is up to instructors and teachers to determine what is plagiarism and what is not.

In addition, in order to avoid self-plagiarism and/or duplication of previously published information, links to a student’s own papers (including his/her term papers) should be provided and listed in the reference list.

Only the members of local certification boards, which are part of State Certification Boards, for English language state examinations and thesis defenses have the right to make conclusive decisions on evaluating thesis projects and theses in English. If the board members analyze a submitted paper and make a substantiated decision that it contains borrowings, which cast doubt as to the independence of said paper, their conclusion is considered final, even if the academic supervisor and Antiplagiat were initially unable to detect any plagiarism.


 

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