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National Research University Higher School of EconomicsStudent ThesesSecondary employment of the public sector employees

Student
Title
Supervisor
Faculty
Educational Programme
Final Grade
Year of Graduation
Marina Zhbannikova
Secondary employment of the public sector employees
Faculty of Public Administration
Bachelor’s programme
2014
The purpose of this study is to establish set of factors and characteristics of secondary employment of workers and their jobs in the public sector in Russia. Public employees in this research are called all individuals, whose salaries are formed from regional or federal budgets. And secondary employment is called second job in addition to the main. The importance of the research caused by necessity to study the specifics of the adjustment of public sector employees to the changing conditions of the labor market as a special category of individuals. Secondary employment is a complex phenomenon that is not only about additional financial benefits. What is more, it has significant influence on the characteristics of workers and the labor market in general.

Theoretical model of the study was the traditional theory of labor supply, including in the form of secondary employment. Russian monitoring of Economic situation and health of the population HSE (RLMS) for 2000-2012 years to do an empirical and econometric analysis.

The research revealed several conclusions.

Secondary employment occurs most often because of financial need, however, in other cases, there is significant influence of non-monetary aspects. On the basis of a theoretical model there are two cases when secondary employment salary rate is lower than in the main job. First, when working hours are restricted in the primary job (the real number of hours below the desired). Second, there is a heterogeneous job motive (the desire to change the industry works to accumulate a portfolio of work, to gain valuable skills and qualifications, the desire to start their own business, hobbies, etc.).

On the basis of empirical analysis, we can say that the budget workers with secondary employment is a unique category. Budget workers with secondary employment are more educated, more likely to have people in subjection. More than three quarters are employed in the sectors of education, healthcare and science and culture. Women overweigh strongly, and secondary employment is widespread among people of pre-retirement age. Salary rates are lower than other public sector employees have. However, secondary employment reduces the fear of job loss, increases confidence in finding a similar job in case of dismissal, the satisfaction of their material position, the level of respect for yourself and life in general.

According to the results of the regression about factors which influence on the decision to participate in secondary employment of workers in the public sector was identified several reasons. On the one hand, female gender of the individual, as well as employment in the sectors of utility or healthcare influence positively to the decision on secondary employment impact of the. On the other hand, the presence of children (which require additional time for training) and wages (the higher the salary at the main place of work, the less likely you are to have secondary employment) has a negative impact on the potential market entry of secondary employment.

The equation of income Mincer type for secondary employment was made also. It was found that education has a positive effect on wages rate. Work experience early in his career have a negative impact on wages rate, but over time it begins to affect positively. This result caused by the fact that in the pre-retirement age, when the salary at the main place of work declines, state employees have a wide experience, can find a job part-time job with a higher salary.

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