The ‘Innovation Activities of the Innovation Process Actors Monitoring’ project is implemented by the HSE ISSEK as a part of HSE Basic Research Programme. It has been running since 2009 and aims to develop empirical studies in the innovation sphere and activities (strategies, models of behaviour) of various subjects connected to the innovation process.
In 2016 the latest round of surveys among innovative industrial and service companies was carried out, and in 2015 it was extended to those research organizations, which focus on science & technology results and new technologies.
At each stage of the monitoring’s implementation, serious work is done to update the tools for surveys among innovative actors, as well as the range of new research tasks; to improve the analytical tools on the basis of studying similar international developments and contacts with international colleagues. (And primarily, we mean the long-running European project – the European Manufacturing Survey (EMS), and contacts with colleagues from the Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research, Germany.) This allows us to carry out comparative studies and use generalized data.
The main area of work on each of the surveys (manufacturing or research organizations) is to develop approaches to the analysis and systematization of the received empirical results, and to generalize them in a dynamic perspective. For example, when we studied research organizations as the participants of innovation processes, we focused on the bilateral character of this participation (creating products and services vs. creating knowledge as a product), and the importance of the creative element. As a result, we more specifically outlined models of research organizations’ activities in the innovation sphere; we were able to classify and systematize those factors which influence the choice of behaviour models by research bodies.
We carried out special studies aimed at grouping the detected specific characteristics of research organizations in order to include them in a comparative analysis. This allows us to study problems and processes which are mutual for the spheres of science and the real economy sector in the chain of knowledge creation, transfer and industrial implementation (their ‘intersection point’). In particular, we looked at forming joint strategies (models of behaviour) in creating, transferring and implementing S&T results, taking into account the influence both from research organizations and industrial companies.
The results we obtained were included in the following publications:
- Gokhberg L., Kuznetsova T. Russian Federation, in: UNESCO Science Report 2015. P. : UNESCO, 2015.
- Gokhberg L., Roud V. How to Design a National Innovation System in a Time of Global Innovation Networks: A Russian Perspective, in: The Global Innovation Index 2016. Winning with Global Innovation / Ed. by S. Dutta, B. Lanvin, S. Wunsch-Vincent. Geneva, Fontainebleau, Ithaca, NY : Cornell University, INSEAD, and WIPO, 2016. Ch. 13. P. 159-166.
- Gokhberg L., Kitova G. A., Roud V. Tax Incentives for R&D and Innovation: Demand versus Effects // Foresight and STI Governance. 2014. Vol. 8. No. 3. P. 18-41.
- Thurner T., Zaichenko S. Knowledge inputs to science- and development-based regimes: Evidence from the behaviour of Russian RTOs // International Journal of Innovation Management. 2015. Vol. 19. No. 1. P. 1550003. doi
- Thurner T.W., Zaichenko S. Sectoral differences in technology transfer // International Journal of Innovation Management. 2016. Vol. 20. No. 2. P. 1650020. doi
- Thurner T., Zaichenko S. Research and Technology Organizations (RTOs) in the primary sector: Providing innovation to Russia's mines and corn fields // European Journal of Innovation Management. 2014. Vol. 17. No. 3. P. 292-310. doi
- Zaichenko S. A., Kuznetsova T., Roud V. Features of Interaction Between Russian Enterprises and Research Organisations in the Field of Innovation // Foresight and STI Governance. 2014. Vol. 8. No. 1. P. 6-23.
- Sokolov, A., Rudnik, P. Innovation in Russian SMEs. Growth under Transition, in: The Promise of Small and Medium Enterprises, Series "BRICS. National Systems of Innovation". New Delhi, Abingdon : Routledge, 2014. P. 76-120.
- Кузнецова Т. Е., Рудь В. А. Факторы эффективности и мотивы инновационной деятельности российских промышленных предприятий // Форсайт. 2011. Т. 5. № 2. С. 34-47.
- Заиченко С. А. Трансфер результатов исследований и разработок в реальный сектор экономики: анализ стратегий научных организаций // Форсайт. 2012. Т. 6. № 4. С. 48-59.
- Грачева Г. А., Кузнецова Т. Е., Рудь В. А., Суслов А. Б. Инновационное поведение российских предприятий / Под общ. ред.: Л. М. Гохберг. М.: Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2012.
The HSE ISSEK experts compared data about the application of technological, marketing, and organisational innovations by the Russian knowledge-intensive business services sector (KIBS) companies with relevant figures for European countries such as the UK, Germany, Denmark, Malta, the Netherlands, and Switzerland. The results are presented in the latest newsletter in the "Science, Technology, and Innovation" series.
The latest HSE ISSEK bulletin in the “Science, Technology, and Innovation” series presents data about use of e-commerce by Russian individuals and enterprises. Almost every fourth Russian (23%) ordered goods or services via the internet in 2016. 12% of the business sector enterprises used the net to sell their products and services in 2015, and 17% made electronic purchases.