Good-enough language processing: the impact of age and noise
Good-enough approach to language comprehension assumes that people do not always engage in full detailed processing of linguistic input. Rather, the system forms shallow and superficial representations when confronted with some difficulty such as complex syntactic structure (“While Anna bathed the baby played in the crib”) or noisy input. Although the good-enough approach has been studied for some time, we still do not know what factors trigger this type of processing.
In this study, we investigate two factors that might influence the reliance on the good-enough language processing strategy — age and perceptual noise. We will run 14 experiments in three groups of participants — adolescents (13-17 years), young people (20-40 years) and elderly people (60-80 years) — using self-paced reading, eye tracking while reading and auditory speech processing paradigms.
The results will provide information on whether adolescents use linguistic strategies (e.g. superficial processing) found in adults. In addition, the results will specifically show whether noise triggers the good-enough processing mechanism in adolescents in comparison with young people and elderly people. This will shed light on how language is processed in real-life conditions and how this changes across the lifespan.
1) Lopukhina A., Malyutina S., Laurinavichyute A., Ryazanskaya G., Antonova A., Savcenko A., Savinova E., Simdyanova A. Влияние языкового шума на поверхностную обработку языка при чтении у подростков и взрослых [The effect of ‘verbal noise’ on good-enough language processing while reading in adolescents and adults] // In: Восьмая международная конференция по когнитивной науке: Тезисы докладов [Proceedings of the 8th International Cognitive Science Conference]. Svetlogorsk: RAS Institute of Psychology, 2018. P. 1234-1236.
2) Lopukhina A., Malyutina S., Laurinavichyute A., Antonova A., Ryazanskaya G., Savinova E., Simdyanova A. Good-Enough Processing in Adolescents and Adults: The Effect of Background Noise Neurobiology of Speech and Language. // In: Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop "Neurobiology of Speech and Language". St. Petersburg: Skifiya-print, 2018. P. 43.
1) Lopukhina A. Влияние языкового шума на поверхностную обработку языка при чтении у подростков и взрослых [The effect of ‘verbal noise’ on good-enough processing while reading in adolescents and adults]. Paper presented at the 8th International Cognitive Science Conference, 18-21 October 2018, Svetlogorsk, Russia.
2) Lopukhina A. Good-enough language processing in reading in adolescents and adults: the effect of noise". Poster presented at the 2nd workshop "Neurobiology of Speech and Language", 28-29 September 2018, St. Petersburg, Russia.
3) Lopukhina A. Good-enough language processing in reading in adolescents and adults: The effect of audial noise". Poster presented at the 3rd Summer School ISOLDE "Infant Studies On Language Development in Europe", 11-15 June 2018, Potsdam, Germany.
4) Malyutina S. Good-enough sentence processing in younger and older adults under normal and visual-noise processing conditions". Paper presented at the Corpora for Language and Aging Research 4, 27 February–1 March 2019, Helsinki, Finland.
The project is supported by RFBR grant №18-012-00640 (2018 - 2020), principal investigator — Anastasiya Lopukhina.
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