Теория и методология современной психологии
- To acquaint students with basic theories and investigations in the area of social psychology research
- To develop students’ abilities to analyze and compare different research approaches; to identify social psychological mechanisms that underlie individual and group behavior
- To develop students' abilities to present their ideas, analyze research design and results, and to organize the scientific discussion
- To develop students’ abilities to apply social psychological knowledge to solving social issues
- Be capable of defining theoretical and applied aspects of advanced social psychology
- Know and be able to apply the main theoretical approaches, main categories, fundamental research questions and concepts of advanced social psychology
- Know and be able to apply modern international research standards in the field of social psychology
- Be capable of defining, selecting and using the appropriate methods of psychosocial research
- Know and be able to apply modern international standards of presenting results of psychosocial research in English (in written and in oral)
- Be able to apply psychosocial theories to solve modern problems
- Introduction to Social PsychologySocial Psychology as a scientific field: social relevance, basic concepts. Brief history of Social Psychology – before and after World War II. Main concepts of the “person” in the Social Psychology: consistency seeker, self-esteem maximizer, information seeker, information processor, foolish mistake maker, situational responder.
- Social CognitionConcept of social cognition. Categorization process and schemes in social cognition. Content of social cognition. Social representations. Basic approaches to an individual as a subject of social cognition: rationalizing person, naive scientist, practicing data processing individual, cognitive miser, motivated tactician. Processes of social information processing: main stages and its characteristics. Error sources that occur in processing of social information.
- The Social SelfStructure of the “Self”, components of the «Self»: self-knowledge (selfconcept); the interpersonal self, or public self; the agent self, or executive function. Functions of the self. Self-awareness, self-esteem, negative aspects of highest self-esteem. Self-deception. Self-efficacy, cross-cultural aspects of selfefficacy. Interdependent of self-concept, self-construal. Self-presentation and its functions. Self-Monitoring.
- Social Psychology of emotionEmotions phenomenology. Social functions of emotions. Emotion as a sociopsychological construct. The influence of emotions on social cognition. Emotions’ emergence. The theory of two factors by Schachter. Theory of assessments. Emotions and culture. The influence of social environment on the expression of emotions in different cultures.
- Attitudes and their measurementThe structure of attitudes. Three-dimensional model of attitudes. The ratio of social attitudes and social behavior. The reasons for the mismatch between social attitudes and social behavior. Methods for measuring social attitudes: unipolar dimension measure, semantic differential, scaling technology, scale of social distance.
- Attitudes and BehaviourStudying relationships between attitudes and behavior. Theory of reasoned action by M. Fishbein and I. Aizen. Theory of planned behavior by I. Aizen (TPB). Model of planned behavior: attitudes towards behavior, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control. Beliefs underlying 3 components of planned behavior. Studying relationships between intention and actual behavior according to the TPB. The concept of actual behavioral control, its function. Factors influencing beliefs about behavior, norms, and control. Studies conducted with the use of the TPB. Ways of changing behavior according to the TPB. Questionnaire constructing technique according to TPB for studying behavior. Context effect on attitudes. Stability of attitudes over time. The formation of social attitudes: classical conditioning, instrumental conditioning. Belief as a way of shaping and changing attitude. Attitude change with the help of using stimuli.
- Prosocial behaviorThe concept of prosocial behavior. Motives of prosocial behavior. Studies on prosocial behavior. Social support. Personal and situational factors influencing social behavior.
- Aggression, attraction and rejectionDefinition of aggression. Theories explaining the origin of aggression. Instinct theory of aggression (S. Freud, K. Lorenz). Frustration theory of aggression (J. Dollard, N. Miller et al.), social learning theory (A. Bandura), theory of excitation transfer (D. Zillmann). Cognitive models of aggressive behavior (L. Berkowitz). Need for social contact, concept of affiliation. Situations impeding and promoting affiliation. Affiliation motives. Concept of attraction. Liking and disliking. Factors influencing expression of sympathy and antipathy. Attractive personality characteristics. Distinction between attraction and sympathy. Friendship and close relations. Factors affecting the development of friendship and close relations. Social exclusion and its causes. The psychological consequences of the ostracism. Somatic reactions to rejection. Loneliness and psychological methods of coping with it.
- Group Processes and Intergroup RelationsDifferences between interpersonal and intergroup behavior. Sources of prejudice. Theories explaining the sources of prejudice and discrimination in intergroup relations. Discrimination as a product of personal characteristics. Discrimination and prejudice as a result of conflict of interest in intergroup relations. Minimal group paradigm. Group affiliation and social identity. Social comparison. Opportunities of leaving the group. Contact hypothesis.
- Course written assignment
- Home reading analysis
- Discussions in class
- Final examThe final exam is held in the form of a test. Students are given 40 single choice questions. Each question contains three or four answer options or the request to fill out the gaps.
- Interim assessment (2 module)0.3 * Course written assignment + 0.2 * Discussions in class + 0.3 * Final exam + 0.2 * Home reading analysis
- Advanced social psychology. The state of the science. (2010).Ed. by R. F. Baumeister, E. J. Finkel, Oxford University Press, Inc. NY.
- Ajzen, I. (2005) Attitudes, personality, and behavior (2nd. Edition). Milton-Keynes, England: Open University Press / McGraw- Hill.
- Baumeister, R. F. (2005). The cultural animal: Human nature, meaning, and social life. New York: Oxford University Press