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Магистратура 2020/2021

Современные методы анализа данных

Лучший по критерию «Полезность курса для Вашей будущей карьеры»
Лучший по критерию «Полезность курса для расширения кругозора и разностороннего развития»
Статус: Курс обязательный (Анализ данных в биологии и медицине)
Направление: 01.04.02. Прикладная математика и информатика
Когда читается: 1-й курс, 1, 2 модуль
Формат изучения: без онлайн-курса
Прогр. обучения: Анализ данных в биологии и медицине
Язык: английский
Кредиты: 5

Course Syllabus


The course introduces the theory and practice of machine learning algorithms and their applications in the area of bioinformatics. The students will learn data preprocessing techniques, methods of dimension reduction, technique of modeling using machine-learning algorithms, parameter tuning. The studied algorithms include linear regression with regularization (ridge regression, elastic net, lasso), multivariate adaptive regression splines, support vector machines, neural networks, k-nearest neighbors, classification and regression trees, random forest, gradient boosting. Workshops, which follow the lectures, seek to empower students with the practical skills in predictive modeling software tools, packages and applications. Many case studies of predictive models for bioinformatics data sets will be considered.
Learning Objectives

Learning Objectives

  • • know the theory of the process and components of predictive modeling, types of predictive models, key steps of model creation, such as data-preprocessing, model construction and assessment of model performance.
  • • know various practical applications of predictive modeling using machine-learning algorithms for the databases of molecular biology
  • • acquire the skills to use python functions from different python packages to apply different types of models such as linear and nonlinear regression models, linear and nonlinear classification models, regression trees and rule-based models
  • acquire the skills to use python functions from different python packages to pre-process the input data, i.e. calculate statistics, estimate skewness, apply appropriate transformation, perform PCA, find between-predictor correlations, generate dummy variables.
  • • acquire the skills to use python functions to measure predictor importance and model performance, use filtering methods, measure outcome error.
  • apply the knowledge and tools of predictive analytics to bioinformatics applications.
Expected Learning Outcomes

Expected Learning Outcomes

  • know the theory of machine-learning algorithms
  • acquire the skills to implement machine-learning algorithms in python
  • apply the knowledge and tools of predictive analytics to real-life applications
Course Contents

Course Contents

  • Big Data in Bioinformatics. Concepts of model building.
    Introduction to big Data in Bioinformatics. Progress in sequencing technologies. Key parts of predictive models. Concepts of model building. Data “spending”. Data splitting. Predictors. Candidate models. Optimal model. Performance estimation.
  • Data Preprocessing.
    Unsupervised data processing. Techniques of addition, deletion, transformation of training data set. Reduction of data skewness or outliers. Feature engineering. Feature extraction. Surrogate variables as combinations of multiple predictors. Dummy variables. Principle Component Analysis.
  • Linear regression models.
    Measuring performance in regression models. Linear regression. Partial least squares. Regularization. Ridge models. LASSO and Elastic net.
  • Multivariate adaptive regression splines.
    Piece-wise linear approximation models (MARS). Multivariate adaptive regression splines. Feature importance in MARS models.
  • Neural networks.
    One perceptron. Multilayered perceptrons. Back propagation. Activation functions. Error estimation. Tensorflow playground.
  • Support vector machines. K-nearest neighbors.
    Support Vector machine algorithm. Kernels. K-nearest neighbors. Tuning paramters. Cross-validation.
  • Measuring performance in classification models.
    Sensitivity and specificity. Receiver operating characteristic curves.
  • Linear classification models
    Logistic regression. Linear discriminant analysis. Partial least squares discriminant analysis. Penalized models. Nearest shrunken centroids.
  • Nonlinear classification models
    Nonlinear discriminant analysis. Neural networks. Flexible discriminant analysis. Support vector machines. K-nearest neighbors. Na ̈ıve Bayes.
  • Decision Trees
    Basic regression trees and regression model trees. Basic classification trees. Bagged trees. Random forests. Boosting. Cubist. Case studies.
  • Machine-learning in bioinformatics
    Examples of application of machine-learning algorithms to bioinformatics tasks such as classification of RNA-seq expression data, or prediction of functional genomic elements based on sequence features.
Assessment Elements

Assessment Elements

  • non-blocking Домашнее задание 1
  • non-blocking Домашнее задание 2
  • non-blocking Домашнее задание 3
  • non-blocking Домашнее задание 4
  • non-blocking Письменный экзамен
Interim Assessment

Interim Assessment

  • Interim assessment (2 module)
    0.15 * Домашнее задание 1 + 0.15 * Домашнее задание 2 + 0.15 * Домашнее задание 3 + 0.15 * Домашнее задание 4 + 0.4 * Письменный экзамен


Recommended Core Bibliography

  • Machine learning : a probabilistic perspective, Murphy, K. P., 2012

Recommended Additional Bibliography

  • Witten, I. H. et al. Data Mining: Practical machine learning tools and techniques. – Morgan Kaufmann, 2017. – 654 pp.
  • Witten, I. H., Frank, E., Hall, M. A., & Pal, C. J. (2017). Data Mining : Practical Machine Learning Tools and Techniques (Vol. Fourth edition). Cambridge, MA: Morgan Kaufmann. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=1214611