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Oleg Budnitskii

  • Tenured Professor (2014)
  • Oleg Budnitskii has been at HSE University since 2010.

Education, Degrees and Academic Titles

  • 2012
    Member of the Academy of Europe
  • 1998

    Doctor of Sciences* in National History
    Institute of Russian History of the Russian Academy of Sciences
    Thesis Title: Terrorism in the Russian revolutionary movement: ideology, ethics, psychology (second half of the XIX - beginning of the XX centuries

  • 1997
    Associate Professor
  • 1989

    Candidate of Sciences* (PhD) in Historiography, Source Study and Methods of Historical Research

  • 1988

    Doctoral programme in Historiography
    USSR Academy of Sciences Institute of Soviet History

  • 1976

    Degree in History
    Rostov State Teacher Training Institute, History

* Candidate of Sciences
According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, Candidate of Sciences belongs to ISCED level 8 - "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar. Candidate of Sciences allows its holders to reach the level of the Associate Professor.
* Doctor of Sciences
A post-doctoral degree called Doctor of Sciences is given to reflect second advanced research qualifications or higher doctorates in ISCED 2011.

Awards and Accomplishments

  • Best Teacher – 2020, 2015, 2014, 2013, 2011

  • Winner of the HSE University Best Russian Research Paper Competition – 2021

Courses (2021/2022)

Courses (2020/2021)

Courses (2019/2020)

Courses (2018/2019)

Courses (2017/2018)

History (Bachelor’s programme; Faculty of Humanities; 1 year, 3, 4 module)Rus

Editorial board membership

  • 2021: Member of the Editorial Board, The Russian Review.

  • 2012: Member of the Editorial Board, Российская история.

  • 2010: Member of the Editorial Board, East European Jewish Affairs.

  • 2001: Member of the Editorial Board, Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History.


  • 2021
    EMIGRANTICA ПРОДОЛЖАЕТСЯ: памяти Олега Анатольевича Коростелева (Москва). Presentation: Борис Гершун: мемуарист и общественный деятель
  • Jewish Soldiers & Fighters in WWII: International Virtual Conference (Нью-Йорк). Presentation: Jews in the Red Army

  • Война и советская повседневность: новые источники и интерпретации (Москва). Presentation: История войны онлайн
  • 2019
    ВТОРАЯ МИРОВАЯ ВОЙНА И ПРОБЛЕМЫ СОВЕТСКОЙ ИСТОРИИ (Москва). Presentation: «Писательская рота»: к истории формирования и гибели (июль - октябрь 1941)
  • Устная история Великой Отечественной войны: практики создания и интерпретации (Москва). Presentation: Гарвардский проект и «Гарвардский проект»: проблемы перевода, идентификации респондентов, интерпретации
  • 2018
    Humanities and Area Studies from the War and Peace perspective (Сеул). Presentation: СССР во Второй мировой войне: история и память
  • Violence against civilians on the Eastern front of World War II (Париж). Presentation: «Should everyone be shot?»: Stalin’s justice in the first years of the Great Patriotic War
  • Италия и Россия в контексте большой Европы: историческая преемственность и новые тенденции (Рим). Presentation: Мифы и образы Италии на страницах советского журнала «Новый мир» (1958–1970)
  • 2017
    Being a Jew in the Soviet Union: Findings from a Comprehensive History of the Jews in the Soviet Union (Нью-Йорк). Presentation: Between Frontline and Gulag: The Deichman Family in Wartime
  • The revolutions of 1917 in Europe: The making of a new culture (Кан ). Presentation: Деньги для новой России: проблема внешних займов в период Временного правительства
  • 2016
    More Soviet or More Jewish?: Jewish Identities in the USSR during World War II (Иерусалим). Presentation: 100 Letters from the Front Line: Life and Fate of Elena Deichman
  • New Directions in Russian Jewish Studies (Бостон). Presentation: Letters from the Front Line: A Soviet Jewish Family in War and Peace
  • Международная научная конференция "Сталинизм и война" (Москва). Presentation: Сталинская юстиция военного времени (1941-1942)
  • 2015
    Европа, 1945: освобождение, оккупация, возмездие (Москва). Presentation: Красная армия: встреча с Европой, 1944-1945
  • Seventy Years since World War II: Seven Decades of Shifting Boundaries in Eastern Europe (Тель-Авив). Presentation: Women in the Red Army, 1941-45
  • 2014
    Международная научная конференция «Россия в Первой мировой войне» (Москва). Presentation: Россия в мировых войнах ХХ века: опыт сравнительного анализа
  • "Война и мир": Первая мировая война и ее влияние на развитие общественного порядка и демократии (Москва). Presentation: Россия в мировых войнах ХХ века: опыт сравнительного анализа
  • Россия и США в мировых войнах: опыт взаимодействия в условиях глобальных кризисов (Москва). Presentation: Взаимодействие России и США в мировых войнах ХХ века: опыт сравнительного анализа
  • Псевдонимы русской эмиграции в Европе (1917–1945) (Бохум). Presentation: В поисках авторов: о некоторых псевдонимах в коллаборационистской печати
  • Наследие Василия Гроссмана: самобытность классика ХХ века (Москва). Presentation: Записные книжки Василия Гроссмана как источник по истории Второй мировой войны
  • 2013
    European Congress ‘Europe: Crisis and Renewal’ (Cambridge). Presentation: Jewish Women in the Red Army, 1941-45
  • What Have we Learned From the Soviet Archives? (Упсала). Presentation: War Diaries and Memoirs as a Source of the Social History of the Stalin Period
  • What was Communism? (Берлин). Presentation: The fascination of communism – Mass movement or a splinter group seizing power?
  • Оккупация и коллаборационизм в Европе, 1939-1945 (Москва). Presentation: Советское общество накануне немецкой оккупации: Идеологические и социальные предпосылки коллаборационизма
  • Память о Холокосте в современной Европе: Общее и разделяющее (Москва). Presentation: Антисемитизм в СССР во время Второй мировой войны



Book Budnitskii O. Russian Jews between the Reds and the Whites, 1917-1920 / Пер. с рус. Philadelphia : University of Pennsylvania Press, 2012.

Articles and book chapters16


Book Russian International Relations in War and Revolution, 1914–22. Book 1: Origins and War, 1914–16 / Ed. by D. Schimmelpenninck van der Oye, M. Hughes, D. M. McDonald, O. Budnitskii. Book 1: Book 1: Origins and War, 1914–16. Bloomington : Slavica Publishers, 2021. doi



  • Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies, Uppsala University, May 2013
  • U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, Ina Levine Senior Invitational Scholar, September 2009-May 2010
  • Oxford Centre for Hebrew and Jewish Studies, Skirball Fellow, January-June 2002
  • Stanford University, September 1999 - July 2000
  • Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace, Stanford University, Sepetember 1994-May 1995

Timetable for today

Full timetable

‘The Past Is Never Dead. It's Not Even Past’

This summer, the HSE Centre for the History and Sociology of World War II and Its Consequences was reorganized to become the HSE Institute for Advanced Soviet and Post-Soviet Studies. Oleg Budnitskii, Doctor of Historical Sciences, head of the Centre and director of the Institute, talked to the HSE News Service about the new division.

The new book "Другая Россия: Исследования по истории русской эмиграции" by Oleg Budnitskii is about to appeared

"Drugaja Rossija: Issledovanija po istorii russkoj jemigracii"

Lost in Recalculation: How to Estimate the Scale of the Soviet Economy and Its Rate of Growth

Researchers trying to compare economic data of the USSR and capitalist countries face questions of the comprehensiveness, accessibility, and reliability of data on Soviet economic production and growth. At an online seminar hosted by the HSE University International Centre for the History and Sociology of World War II and its Consequences, Assistant Professor Ilya Voskoboynikov (Faculty of Economic Sciences, HSE University) presented an overview of available approaches to studying the absolute size of the Soviet economy and its growth rates.

The HSE Look December Issue

The fifth issue of 2020 presents an interview on the international postdoc programme and introduces new postdocs.

Studying History and Nation-Building in Borderlands

Alexandr Voronovici,a second year postdoctoral research fellow at the International Centre for the History and Sociology of World War II and Its Consequences, shared his experience of teaching transnational perspective on Soviet history to HSE students.

Fuad Aleskerov Elected to Academia Europaea

Tenured HSE Professor Fuad Aleskerov, who is the head of the Faculty of Economic Sciences’ Department of Mathematics, has become a member of the Informatics section of the Academia Europaea.

International Scholarly Conference "A «Memory Revolution»: Soviet History through the Lens of Personal Documents"

The conference was held on 7-8 June 2017 in Moscow

Student History School in Germany

From October 7 - November 12, 2016 a school for undergraduate, graduate and doctoral students organized by the International Centre for the History and Sociology of World War II and Its Consequences was held in Germany. The school was dedicated to issues of memorialization and commemorating victims of terror and was led by the Centre’s Director Oleg Budnitskii. The trip was organized with the support of the Friedrich Ebert Foundation.

Oleg Budnitskii, Natalia Zubarevich, Mikhail Fedotov, Receive Yegor Gaidar Awards

The winners of the Yegor Gaidar Foundation were announced on November 17, and HSE staff were among those recognized in three nominations.

Soviet Justice During the War Years

The Center’s director, Oleg Budnitskii, spoke about the particularities of Soviet justice during the period of the Great Patriotic War in a recent broadcast from the radio station the Echo of Moscow.

Human Rights and Empire

We Are Pleased to Announce the Publication of the Book The Rights of the Individual and Empire, with an Introduction and Commentary by Oleg Budnitskii.

Is a Scholarly History of the Second World War Possible?

Oleg Budnitskii, the director of the International Center for the History and Sociology of World War II and Its Consequences, gave a presentation at Polit.ru’s ProScience Theatre.

'Just because a Document Is in the Archives, One Should not Assume that It Contains the Truth'

Higher School of Economics hosted the conference Looking Back, Looking Forward: New Directions in World War II Research to mark the fifth anniversary of the International Centre for the History and Sociology of World War II and Its Consequences.

Extramural School ‘Forced Labour during WWII: Analysis of Documents and Exchange of International Experiences’

From October 1 – 7th, 2015, HSE students and graduates in history participated in an extramural school headed by Professor Oleg Budnitsky on ‘Forced Labour during WWII: Analysis of Documents and International Exchange of Experience’ in Berlin, Germany.

Internship at the Holocaust Museum in Washington

HSE history students Elena Krivtsova and Alexandra Maslova shared their impressions of an internship they completed at the Holocaust Museum in Washington, DC, USA, which was organized by the International Centre for the History and Sociology of World War II and Its Consequences.

A People’s History of War

HSE has hosted the international academic conference ‘Europe, 1945: Liberation, Occupation, Retribution,’ during which historians, sociologists, and culturologists from various countries discussed the social, economic, military, political, and cultural phenomena caused by World War II. In an interview with the HSE News Service, the Director of HSE’s International Centre for the History and Sociology of World War II and Its Consequences, Oleg Budnitskii, discusses the conference, its organizers, and its guests, and also talks about why it is important to study the human dimension of war.

Lecture by Professor Budnitskii at European University Institute

On April 1, 2015 Oleg Budnitskii, Professor at the School of History and HSE Honorary Professor delivered a lecture on ‘Women in the Red Army, 1941–45’ at the colloquium of the History Department of the European University Institute (Florence). 

‘As long as we think about the Middle Ages as a dark time, we will remain dark ourselves’

Every era builds its own version of the Middle Ages, and the modern age is no exception. Oleg Voskoboynikov, the youngest full professor at the Higher School of Economics, talks about the reason for the popularity of metaphors that refer to that era, why the ‘Suffering Middle Ages’ group on VKontakte [Russia’s largest social media site — Ed.] is not the same thing as medieval studies and how the desire to be different from everyone else can lead a student to study the Middle Ages.

Humanities at HSE: One Faculty, Different Programmes, More Opportunities

The united Faculty of Humanities has been launched and recently held an open day at HSE. For those who missed the event we share the most important information about the faculty.

12 HSE Professors Awarded Tenure

On September 26 twelve HSE faculty members were promoted to Tenured Professors.