Profesor Wade Hands: ‘My conjecture is that economics felt a much more direct influence from the Cold War than the other social sciences’
The HSE international conference on "Social and Human Sciences On Both Sides of the 'Iron Curtain'" starts on October 17, 2013 in Moscow.
Professor D. Wade Hands of the Department of Economics University of Puget Sound, Tacoma, WA, USA and co-editor of The Journal of Economic Methodology who will deliver a paper ‘On Agents and Markets: Alternative Cold War Visions of the Relationship Between Rational Agents and Competitive Markets in Walrasian General Equilibrium Theory’ spoke to the HSE news service ahead of the conference about his expectations for a lively and interesting discussion .
— What are the goals of the conference?
— The main goal is to provide a forum for the exchange of ideas on the impact of the Cold War on the social and human sciences. The focus is interdisciplinary, with scholars involved from a wide range of different fields: the social and human sciences, as well as history, philosophy, science studies, and other fields. A better understanding of how the Cold War conditioned the development of various human and social sciences will of course give us a better understanding of the impact and legacy of the Cold War, but also a better understanding of one of the most important (and under-researched) forces behind the development of contemporary social science.
Judging from the program it looks like the organizers achieved their goal of having scholars from a wide range of disciplines and interested in a wide range of different topics. I suspect that the discussion will be lively and interesting.
— What's the most exciting thing for you as a researcher in the history of social and human sciences in the second half of the 20th century?
— Since my own interest is primarily in the development of modern economic theory – particularly mathematical economic theory – it will be exciting to hear scholars who are more familiar than I am with developments in mathematical economics taking place within the Soviet Union during the 1960s and 1970s. I feel quite knowledgeable about the development of "Western" mathematical economics during this period, and I have some limited knowledge (and a lot of conjectures) about what was happening "on the other side," but it will be very interesting to learn more. My conjecture is that economics felt a much more direct influence from the Cold War than the other social sciences, but I will need to wait and see if that conjecture is confirmed by the conference.
— What would you recommend young people to read to understand the processes which happened in the second half of the 20th century?
— Since my research area is the history and philosophy of "Western" economics, my recommendations concern research in that area. I would recommend:
Amadae, Sonja M. (2003), Rationalizing Capitalist Democracy: The Cold War Origins of Rational Choice Liberalism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Bernstein, Michael A. (2001), A Perilous Progress: Economists and Public Purpose in Twentieth-Century America. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Mirowski, Philip (2002), Machine Dreams: Economics Becomes a Cyborg Science. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
— What do you think about the way the HSE has cooperated with international researchers in this area?
— I think it is a very important endeavor and I hope that this is the beginning of many more future opportunities for cooperation and collaboration.Anna Chernyakhovskaya, specially for the HSE news service
Alexandra Kolesnik, Junior Research Fellow and Senior Lecturer at HSE’s Poletayev Institute for Theoretical and Historical Studies in the Humanities recently completed her post graduate studies in History and successfully defended her PhD thesis entitled ‘Historical representations in British popular musical culture of the 1960-1980s’. Here, Alexandra talks about her research into modern pop-culture.
Jessica Werneke, who completed her undergraduate studies at the University of Iowa and her PhD at the University of Texas at Austin, joined the International Centre for the History and Sociology of World War II and its Consequences as a Research Fellow in 2016. Originally from Chicago, Illinois, she has spent a considerable amount of time living internationally – in both the UK and Latvia – and following her post-doc plans to start a new position as a Newton International Fellow of the British Academy at Loughborough University, where she will continue her research on Soviet photography clubs and amateur photographers in the RSFSR and the Baltic Republics.
The October Revolution created a new cinema. At first, 'the most important of all arts' struggled to keep up with social transformations and was not yet used as a weapon in the fight for a communist culture. But the mid-1920s, an innovative, cutting-edge film industry had emerged from sources such as theatre, street performance, posters, poetry and circus shows. This industry was able to do what the politicians had failed to achieve, namely trigger a world revolution.
On October 11, Professor Dominic Lieven of the University of Cambridge, where he serves as Senior Research Fellow, Trinity College, gave a public lecture at HSE St Petersburg entitled ‘Reflections on empire, Russia and historical comparison’. The event was organized by the Center for Historical Research.
A hundred years has passed since the October Revolution of 1917, but this event still hasn’t reached its logical conclusion. Its consequences are still crucial in defining the political system in Russia today and fostering divisions in society, believes Andrey Medushevsky, Professor at the HSE Faculty of Social Sciences, political scientist, historian and author of the book A Political History of the Russian Revolution: Norms, Institutions and Forms of Social Mobilization in the 20th Century.
Department of History at HSE St. Petersburg is focusing on a global, comparative and transnational approach to historical studies, and cooperates with several European and American research centers. One of its primary partners is German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD), which sponsors a position of an Associate Professor for a German scholar, and Dietmar Wulff, the current resident, told The HSE Look about his three years at the department and plans for the future.
On October 10, Stephen Wheatcroft, Professor of the School of Historical Studies at the University of Melbourne delivered a lecture on ‘The importance of the grain problem in the Russian Revolution and for the next 40 years of Soviet Economics' at HSE Moscow as part of a long and busy schedule. A participant at previous April Conferences at HSE, Professor Wheatcroft is one of the world’s foremost experts on Soviet social, economic and demographic history, as well as famine and food supply problems in modern world history.
Samrat Sil is a recent graduate of the English-taught Master's programme in Applied and Interdisciplinary History ‘Usable Pasts’ at HSE St. Petersburg. David Datmar, a native of Ghana, decided to join the programme to help him prepare for eventual study at the PhD level, which he plans to undertake soon at the University of Oxford. Both gentlemen were recently awarded certificates of recognition for their role as ambassadors contributing to the university’s internationalization agenda.
International Centre for the History and Sociology of World War II and Its Consequences, Higher School of Economics and The Friedrich Ebert Foundation held 'A Memory Revolution’: Soviet History Through the Lens of Personal Documents' in Moscow on 7-8 June, 2017. The conference brought together distinguished historians and sociologists from across the globe. Michael David-Fox, Professor of History, Georgetown University, and Academic Advisor of HSE International Center for the History and Sociology of World War II and Its Consequences shares his reflections and considerations on the main topic and discussions at the conference and his own research
On May 31, Valerie Kivelson, Professor of History at the University of Michigan, will be delivering a seminar entitled ‘Visualizing Empire: Muscovite Images of Race’. Professor Kivelson is an expert in Medieval and early modern Russia, history of cartography, history of witchcraft, religion, and political culture, among other topics. She is the author of 'Desperate Magic: The Moral Economy of Witchcraft in Seventeenth Century Russia' and a guest editor of 'Witchcraft Casebook: Magic in Russia, Poland and Ukraine. 15-21st Centuries'.