Profesor Wade Hands: ‘My conjecture is that economics felt a much more direct influence from the Cold War than the other social sciences’
The HSE international conference on "Social and Human Sciences On Both Sides of the 'Iron Curtain'" starts on October 17, 2013 in Moscow.
Professor D. Wade Hands of the Department of Economics University of Puget Sound, Tacoma, WA, USA and co-editor of The Journal of Economic Methodology who will deliver a paper ‘On Agents and Markets: Alternative Cold War Visions of the Relationship Between Rational Agents and Competitive Markets in Walrasian General Equilibrium Theory’ spoke to the HSE news service ahead of the conference about his expectations for a lively and interesting discussion .
— What are the goals of the conference?
— The main goal is to provide a forum for the exchange of ideas on the impact of the Cold War on the social and human sciences. The focus is interdisciplinary, with scholars involved from a wide range of different fields: the social and human sciences, as well as history, philosophy, science studies, and other fields. A better understanding of how the Cold War conditioned the development of various human and social sciences will of course give us a better understanding of the impact and legacy of the Cold War, but also a better understanding of one of the most important (and under-researched) forces behind the development of contemporary social science.
Judging from the program it looks like the organizers achieved their goal of having scholars from a wide range of disciplines and interested in a wide range of different topics. I suspect that the discussion will be lively and interesting.
— What's the most exciting thing for you as a researcher in the history of social and human sciences in the second half of the 20th century?
— Since my own interest is primarily in the development of modern economic theory – particularly mathematical economic theory – it will be exciting to hear scholars who are more familiar than I am with developments in mathematical economics taking place within the Soviet Union during the 1960s and 1970s. I feel quite knowledgeable about the development of "Western" mathematical economics during this period, and I have some limited knowledge (and a lot of conjectures) about what was happening "on the other side," but it will be very interesting to learn more. My conjecture is that economics felt a much more direct influence from the Cold War than the other social sciences, but I will need to wait and see if that conjecture is confirmed by the conference.
— What would you recommend young people to read to understand the processes which happened in the second half of the 20th century?
— Since my research area is the history and philosophy of "Western" economics, my recommendations concern research in that area. I would recommend:
Amadae, Sonja M. (2003), Rationalizing Capitalist Democracy: The Cold War Origins of Rational Choice Liberalism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Bernstein, Michael A. (2001), A Perilous Progress: Economists and Public Purpose in Twentieth-Century America. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Mirowski, Philip (2002), Machine Dreams: Economics Becomes a Cyborg Science. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
— What do you think about the way the HSE has cooperated with international researchers in this area?
— I think it is a very important endeavor and I hope that this is the beginning of many more future opportunities for cooperation and collaboration.Anna Chernyakhovskaya, specially for the HSE news service
The collective volume Place and Nature: Essays in Russian Environmental History, co-edited by David Moon, Nicholas B. Breyfogle, and HSE researcher Alexandra Bekasova, was recently presented at a seminar of the Laboratory for the Environmental and Technological History of the Centre for Historical Research at HSE – St. Petersburg. The book is one of the fruits of a networking project carried out in 2013-2016 with active participation of HSE researchers.
On March 28-31, 2021, the HSE International Laboratory ‘Russia’s Regions in Historical Perspective’ held an international conference ‘The Russian Far East: Regional and Transnational Perspectives (19th -21st cent.)’. The event was jointly organized by the Laboratory with the German Historical Institute Moscow, Indiana University Bloomington (USA), and the Institute of History, Archeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East FEB RAS (Vladivostok).
The recently launched Master's Programme in Medieval Studies is the only Master’s degree in Russia fully dedicated to medieval studies. HSE News Service spoke with Juan Sota, a second-year student of the programme, about its unique features, interacting with professors, and his research interests and aspirations.
On February 9, the HSE International Laboratory 'Russia’s Regions in Historical Perspective' hosted Janet Hartley (London School of Economics), who presented her recent monograph The Volga: A History of Russia’s Greatest River. The presentation was part of a joint lecture series between the Laboratory and The Mikhail Prokhorov Foundation. HSE news service spoke with Janet Hartley about her interest in Russia, her experience travelling and doing research in Russia, and the books she has written on Russia.
After June 1941, the Soviet budget was no longer the same. Marking the end of peaceful life, budget revenues dwindled, and the Treasury was drained of billions of rubles. But because the war required money, the government had to find it from somewhere. Oleg Khlevnyuk, Professor at the HSE University’s School of History, examines the Soviet Union’s wartime and post-war financial policies in his paper.
Russian women who associated with Soviet allies during World War II were subjected to unusually harsh persecution. This was especially true in the north of the country that saw the arrival of thousands of U.S. and British sailors. For having contact with these foreigners, Soviet women received the same severe punishment meted out to Nazi collaborators: charges of treason and 10 years in a forced labour camp. HSE Associate Professor Liudmila Novikova studied how and why this policy shaped their destinies.
Isabelle R. Kaplan, a Post-Doctoral Research Fellow at the International Centre for the History and Sociology of World War II and Its Consequences, talks about her research on non-Slavic minorities in the Soviet Union in an interview to the HSE Look.
In 2001, ten years after the launch of reforms in Russia, 54% of Russians believed the main achievement of the reforms was the availability of consumer goods, rather than freedom of speech or the possibility of travelling abroad. A decade later, public attitudes had not changed, and the availability of goods on store shelves was still perceived as the number one priority. The massive trauma caused by scarcity was particularly strong. How it was addressed and in what way it influenced public attitudes after the USSR collapse is examined in a study by HSE professor Oleg Khlevnyuk.
Nikolai Pavlenko, a shadow entrepreneur and creator of a successful business in Stalin’s USSR, was executed by firing squad in 1955. Running a successful commercial enterprise right under the dictator’s nose in a strictly planned economy was a striking but not so uncommon case in the Soviet Union at the time, according to HSE professor Oleg Khlevniuk who made a number of unexpected findings having studied newly accessible archival documents. Below, IQ.HSE offers a summary of what his study reveals.
Mental health disorders are among the leading worldwide causes of disease and long-term disability. This issue has a long and painful history of gradual de-stigmatization of patients, coinciding with humanization of therapeutic approaches. What are the current trends in Russia regarding this issue and in what ways is it similar to and different from Western countries? IQ.HSE provides an overview of this problem based on research carried out by Svetlana Kolpakova.