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Input-Output Analysis in International Economics

2021/2022
Учебный год
ENG
Обучение ведется на английском языке
4
Кредиты
Статус:
Курс по выбору
Когда читается:
4-й курс, 3 модуль

Преподаватель

Course Syllabus

Abstract

This course deals with the theory of input-output analysis. The objective of the course is to introduce main modern aspects of input-output analysis to empower students with ideas and insights of how to address global economic issues. The course is essentially integrative, drawing on international economics and mathematics for economics courses to show how input-output tables can be used to analyze input-output linkages at the national and multi-regional level. We will pay particular attention to multi-country input-output tables, and their application to global value chain analysis. Classes will be a mixture of lecture and critical discussion of theory, and its application to practical problems.
Learning Objectives

Learning Objectives

  • At the end of the course the student should be able to understand the structure, and work with input-output models,
  • The students will be also aware of the advantages and limitations of these types of models.
  • The students will be able to apply input-output theory to the analysis of the world economy
Expected Learning Outcomes

Expected Learning Outcomes

  • Can calculate Basic measures from OECD Inter-Country Input-Output (ICIO) database. Value added content of gross exports and imports. Decomposition of domestic value added in gross exports.
  • Can calculate Final demand measures. Re-exported intermediate imports. Service value-added content.
  • Can calculate Value added origin by source country and industry. Value added embodies in exports by final destination. Backward and forward participation in GVCs.
  • Can calculate TiVA indicators using World Input-Output Tables (WIOT) database.
  • Can apply input-output analysis for understanding world economy.
Course Contents

Course Contents

  • Introduction. Review of linear algebra
    Definition of matrix. Matrix operations. Identity matrix. Transposition. Linear equation systems. Division. Diagonal matrices.
  • Foundations of Input–Output Analysis
    Notation and fundamental relationships. Input–Output Transactions and National Accounts. Production Functions and the Input–Output Model. The Power Series Approximation of (I − A)−1. Open Models and Closed Models. The Price Model.
  • Input–Output Models at the Regional Level
    Single-region models. Many-Region Models: The Interregional Approach. Many-Region Models: The Multiregional Approach. The Balanced Regional Model. The Spatial Scale of Regional Models. Energy, Environmental and Social Extensions.
  • Supply-Side Models, Linkages, and Important Coefficients
    Supply Side Input–Output Models. Linkages in Input-Output models. Backward linkage. Forward linkage. The Sherman–Morrison–Woodbury Formulation.
  • Introduction to Matlab programming
    Setting programming space. Vector notations. Vector and matrices operations. Loops.
  • Calculation of TiVA indicators using Matlab 1
    Basic measures from OECD Inter-Country Input-Output (ICIO) database. Value added content of gross exports and imports. Decomposition of domestic value added in gross exports.
  • Calculation of TiVA indicators using Matlab 2
    Final demand measures. Re-exported intermediate imports. Service value-added content.
  • Calculation of TiVA indicators using Matlab 3
    Value added origin by source country and industry. Value added embodies in exports by final destination. Backward and forward participation in GVCs.
  • Practical application to world economy. Discussion of a scientific paper
    Application of TiVA indicators to world economy. How TiVA can be calculated and analyzed. What are benefits of Input-output analysis for understanding world economy processes.
  • Practical application to world economy. Practical work
    Calculation of TiVA indicators using World Input-Output Tables (WIOT) database.
  • Practical application to world economy. Final presentations.
Assessment Elements

Assessment Elements

  • non-blocking Classroom participation and attendance
  • non-blocking Final report
    Based on the knowledge and practical experience obtained students should select several TiVA indicators and compute them using World Input-Output Tables (WIOT). They should describe the concepts and calculation process. The report should be 3-5 pages. In addition, students should submit Matlab code that they used to calculate these indicators.
  • non-blocking Final presentation
    Students should present their final reports by providing rationale for TiVA indicators selection, calculation process and findings.
  • non-blocking Classroom participation and attendance
  • non-blocking Final report
    Based on the knowledge and practical experience obtained students should select several TiVA indicators and compute them using World Input-Output Tables (WIOT). They should describe the concepts and calculation process. The report should be 3-5 pages. In addition, students should submit Matlab code that they used to calculate these indicators.
  • non-blocking Final presentation
    Students should present their final reports by providing rationale for TiVA indicators selection, calculation process and findings.
Interim Assessment

Interim Assessment

  • Interim assessment (3 module)
    0.4 * Classroom participation and attendance + 0.3 * Final presentation + 0.3 * Final report
Bibliography

Bibliography

Recommended Core Bibliography

  • Jacques, I. (2015). Mathematics for Economics and Business (Vol. 8th ed). Harlow: Pearson. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=1419610

Recommended Additional Bibliography

  • ITO Koji, Ivan DESEATNICOV, & FUKAO Kyoji. (2017). Japanese Plants’ Heterogeneity in Sales, Factor Inputs, and Participation in Global Value Chains. Discussion Papers. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsrep&AN=edsrep.p.eti.dpaper.17117