is the average difference in age between men and women marrying for the first time in Russia.
This gap is gradually increasing. In the 1980s, men were older than women by less than two years on average.
In recent decades, both men and women have been forming families later in life. Between 1990 and 2013, the average age at first marriage increased from 23.9 years to 27.6 years for men and from 21.9 years to 25.2 years for women.
Couples with three or more children often feel that others judge or refuse to understand them. Their decision to have many children seems to annoy their extended family, neighbours, colleagues, health professionals and government bureaucrats. Very often, other large families are the only one who offer them support. Based on findings from in-depth interviews, HSE researchers describe the effect that social interactions can have on fertility.
Mothers of three or more children are four times as likely to be unemployed compared to mothers of one or two children, according to Alina Pishnyak's study 'Employment opportunities and constraints for women in Moscow.'
Family is a more significant institution for Russians than it is for residents of a number of other European countries. Amid ongoing demographic modernization – the liberalization of marriage and the emancipation of women – ideas are still popular in Russia concerning the necessity of a stable union, procreation, and the mostly familial function of women, according to Marharyta Fabrykant, Junior Research Fellow with HSE’s Laboratory for Comparative Studies in Mass Consciousness.
of parents of high school students planning to enter a university don’t give thought to the fact that their children may end up studying in a different region. Five years ago, the number of such parents was higher at 60%.