of Russians working in the public sector have a higher education. Among those working for the private sector, only 27.3% hold a diploma of higher education.
The public sector is dominated by women (77.1%), while the gender composition in the private sector is approximately equal. Workers in both the public and private sectors are practically the same age – 42 and 45 years old, respectively.
These data are presented in a study by Anna Sharunina, Junior Research Fellow at the HSE Centre for Labour Market Studies, entitled ‘Where do public-sector employees live well? An analysis of cross-sectoral wage differentials in Russia’s regions’.
A satisfactory health condition and a low pension could theoretically be what make pensioners continue working in the first years after beginning their well-deserved relaxation. The main medical factors that keep older individuals from working are disability, the aftermath of strokes and frequent hospital treatment, Ekaterina Maltseva, a Research Assistant at HSE’s Laboratory of Economic Research of the Public Sector, said in the study, 'The Impact of Health on the Labour Supply of Pensioners'.