Exploring the History of Places and Environment in Russia
The collective volume Place and Nature: Essays in Russian Environmental History, co-edited by David Moon, Nicholas B. Breyfogle, and HSE researcher Alexandra Bekasova, was recently presented at a seminar of the Laboratory for the Environmental and Technological History of the Centre for Historical Research at HSE – St. Petersburg. The book is one of the fruits of a networking project carried out in 2013-2016 with active participation of HSE researchers.
Place and Nature: Essays in Russian Environmental History presents a new perspective on the environmental history of the lands of the vast territory of the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union. Particular attention is paid to the Russian North and Siberia and the Far East, rather than central Russia. The contributors focus on how people have interacted with ‘nature’ and, in the process, transformed it into ‘environment’, or turned ‘spaces’ into ‘places’ by inscribing them with historical meaning.
The project was initiated by David Moon (Anniversary Professor, University of York, UK), one of the most renowned environmental historians studying Russia. The project was funded by the Leverhulme Trust (UK). Professor Moon, who has published extensively on Russia, acted as the project’s lead investigator.
For the project, a network of specialists from British, American, and Russian universities conducted multidisciplinary research on the key aspects of the environmental history and history of natural resources in Imperial Russia and the Soviet Union. Many researchers from the HSE Laboratory for the Environmental and Technological History participated in the project.
The project team carried out several research trips to different parts of Russia that are important for studying the history of the relations between humans and nature: the Solovetsky Islands, Lake Baikal, the Perm region, and the Urals.
Alexandra Bekasova, Associate Professor Department of History,
Senior Research Fellow, the Laboratory of Environmental and Technological History
While studying in the Faculty of History of Leningrad State University at the end of the 1980s and a little bit later after graduation, I tried to use various opportunities to combine work and travel around the country. Besides conducting research at the archives and libraries, I enjoyed participating in various archaeological expeditions as an amateur, which took place in Northwest and Central Russia, Ukraine, Moldova, the North Caucasus, the Black Sea coast.
I wanted to visit the Urals, the Altai region, and the Russian Far East. I even bought a guidebook, Lake Baikal in Questions and Answers at that time, but I managed to go there only many years later as a project member. What struck me the most were the combination of rocks and water, the particular geological and hydraulic features of the place, its specific materiality, as well as the scale of the constructed hydraulic structures and other material objects.
Participating in the project and the research trips were important for me as a historian of mobility since my research focuses on technology and environment, the history of mobility, and travel and exploration in an environmental and technological perspective.
We have also met, talked to, and in other ways engaged with local inhabitants and experts. Along the trips, seminars were organized at the Solovetsky Maritime Museum, the Buryat State University at Ulan-Ude, the Ural Federal University, and HSE University – Perm.
In this way, our research also makes an important methodological intervention in the research and practice of history. Namely, in order to write a multidimensional history, historians need to embed themselves in the places they study. As environmental historians we have gained first-hand experience of the distinctive characteristics of local places, and gained a sense of how they look, sound, taste, feel, and smell. Our work underscores that ‘place’ and ‘travel’ are both a topics of study and theoretical models and methodological approaches.
Julia Lajus, Head of the Laboratory of Environmental and Technological History, Associate Professor Department of History
In Place and Nature: Essays in Russian Environmental History, Alexei Kraikovski, also a researcher at the Laboratory, and I co-authored a chapter on Solovki. I also contributed to the Introduction to the volume.
My first degree was in marine biology, and from there I turned to history of science and then to environmental history. So, I was happy to take active part in the project.
The trip to the Solovki Islands in the White Sea, the region that I know well thanks to my marine biology research, was particularly important for me. Both other trips – to Baikal and the Urals, where I had never been before, were crucially important for my development as an environmental historian as they provided first-hand material for comparative study.
A blog maintained by the editors, Exploration and Place in Studying Russia’s Environmental History, is available here.
HSE and Sberbank Will Host the April International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development
From April 13 – 30, 2021, the XXII April International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development (AIAC) will be held in Moscow. For the first time, the conference will be co-organized by HSE University and Sberbank.
The research and development of new approaches to antitrust regulation in the digital sector, the agro-industrial sector, the pharmaceutical industry, and other markets remain the main focus of the work of the BRICS Competition Law and Policy Centre, which operates within HSE University. The Centre's Supervisory Board recently endorsed its work conducted over the past year and supported its agenda for this year.
On March 28-31, 2021, the HSE International Laboratory ‘Russia’s Regions in Historical Perspective’ held an international conference ‘The Russian Far East: Regional and Transnational Perspectives (19th -21st cent.)’. The event was jointly organized by the Laboratory with the German Historical Institute Moscow, Indiana University Bloomington (USA), and the Institute of History, Archeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East FEB RAS (Vladivostok).
HSE University has signed cooperation agreements with two of the world's leading research centres, NISTEP (Japan) and TIFAC (India), which provide their governments with analytical support to inform science and technology forecasting and science and technology policy.
What has been the impact of the pandemic on the international relations of universities? Who should manage the internationalization of research at universities? Can a local university influence the global academic agenda? Participants of the round table ‘Internationalization of Research in Digital Reality’, which took place on March 30, sought to answer these and other questions. The event was organized byHSE University - St. Petersburg.
Having partner companies is an important factor in the competitiveness of any Master’s programme. One of the partners of the programme ‘Germanica: History and Modernity’, which launched last year at the Faculty of Humanities, is the Russian-German Chamber of Commerce. Already in their first year of study, several students have been hired by the Chamber as interns.
‘In Contemporary History, World Championships and Olympic Games Were Canceled Only During World Wars’
At the 7th International Research and Practical Conference ‘Sports Management in the Face of Uncertainty’, organized by HSE University, industry and government representatives discussed the impact of the pandemic on the sports industry, its future, and the problem of doping.
In Russia, 2021 was declared the Year of Science and Technology. HSE has always paid special attention to the development of science, and more than 40 international laboratories have played an important role in the development of the university as a world research centre. One of the University’s first such laboratories was theRonald F. Inglehart Laboratory for Comparative Social Research (LCSR), named after its academic supervisor at the time, American sociologist and political scientist Ronald Inglehart. HSE News Service spoke with LCSR Laboratory Head and professor of sociology Eduard Ponarin (HSE – St. Petersburg) about the Laboratory’s work over the past decade.
During the pandemic, countries have endeavoured to protect their citizens without hurting their economies with excessive restrictions. At the seminar ‘Living with Covid-19: Optimal Lockdown Policies’, Hubert Kempf, academic supervisor of HSE University’s International Laboratory for Macroeconomic Analysis, presented a mathematical model that can be used to calculate the optimal level of restrictions.
Many national governments have responded to the sharp rise in poverty during the pandemic with new social support programmes, including direct cash payments. During a joint seminar between the HSE Institute for Social Policy and the World Bank held as part of work conducted by the Human Capital Multidisciplinary Research Centre,experts discussed approaches that have been implemented abroad and the prospects of a minimum guaranteed income in Russia.