News

Interdisciplinary meeting in the social sciences

Interdisciplinary meeting in the social sciences
On 5 February, the staff of the Centre for Sociocultural Research together with the staff of the Laboratory of Comparative Social Research, the Centre for Stability and Risk Studies, and the Department of Psychology of the National Research University Higher School of Economics came together to exchange ideas and experience in their respective fields.

Round table «Media law: tendencies and problems»

On February 5, 2024, law faculty of Moscow State University held a round table « Media law: tendencies and problems », which was attended by a Research Fellow of the International Laboratory of Digital Transformation in Public Administration of the HSE University, Dr. Diskin. 

Highlanders and guests: intercultural interaction and development of the hospitality industry in the North Caucasus

On January 29, 2024, as a part of the regular seminars of the Center for Sociocultural Research of the National Research University Higher School of Economics "Culture Matters", Daniil Anreevich Sitkevich, Ph.D. in Economics, researcher at the Center for Regional Studies and Urbanism of the Institute of Applied Economic Research of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, researcher at the Laboratory of Institutional Analysis of the Faculty of Economics of the Moscow State University presented with a report on the topic “Highlanders and guests: intercultural interaction and development of the hospitality industry in the North Caucasus”.

A presentation - discussion made by Anna Moiseeva and Mikhail Smirnov on the topic "Situational Semantics for Natural Reasoning"

A presentation - discussion made by Anna Moiseeva and Mikhail Smirnov on the topic "Situational Semantics for Natural Reasoning"
On January 26 and February 2 participants of "Formal Philosophy-81" workshop met to listen to Anna Moiseeva and Mikhail Smirnov who spoke in the format of a discussion paper on the topic "Situational Semantics for Natural Reasoning".

Part 1 "Relevance and logical following from a situational semantics point of view''

Abstract

One of the central trends in modern logical research is an active appeal to natural reasoning. Their constitutive principles and features are often contrasted with those principles that are known today as classical logic. The latter include extensionality, logical bivalence, understanding of truth values as denotations of descriptive sentences, correlation with natural language syncategoremata of a certain set of truth-functional logical connectives (in particular, material implication as an analogue of conditional structures in natural reasoning), classical understanding of logical consequence, "logical explosion" (trivialization in the presence of any contradiction). The adequacy of all these features of classical logic to the tasks of modeling and analyzing natural reasoning is being questioned today. For example, it is argued that natural reasoning is characterized by a relevant relationship between the components of conditional structures. The classical material implication does not provide the desired relevance. Due to this fact, the task is to determine the relevant implication and change the understanding of logical consequence. Approaches to solving such problems involve the employment of semantic tools that go beyond the standard set-theoretic semantics. One of these non-standard tools is situational semantics. In addition to the applications mentioned above, it is used as an alternative to the semantics of possible worlds for modelled reasoning. In our presentation, first of all, we will consider in more detail the above-mentioned motives for referring to situational semantics. Secondly, we will describe how it can be used for these purposes. Thirdly, we will argue about the logical and philosophical consistency and prospects of the above-mentioned trends. 

Part 2 "Modeling of Epistemic Aspects of Modalities by Means of Situational Semantics"

Abstract

Anyone who has studied modal logic knows that there is a so-called alethic reading of the modalities of possibility and necessity, which usually compares them with logical or metaphysical possibility and necessity; and there are epistemic and doxastic logics where possibility is understood as acceptability in the epistemic or doxastic sense, respectively, and necessity as knowledge or belief, respectively. However, what if we try to look from an epistemic point of view at the words "possible" and "necessary" themselves, how do they function in natural reasoning? This approach seems justified, since often these words obviously have nothing to do with either logical or metaphysical possibility and necessity, they rather convey something that this particular agent considers possible or necessary in this particular context. This particular point of view on modalities will be adopted in our discussion. Using the tools of situational semantics, we will try to clarify what agents are appealing to when talking about possibility and necessity in one or another way, presumably, these epistemic aspects of modalities should be modeled. We will also touch upon the topics of the modal meaning of identity and its epistemology, the "fate" of objects known to the agent in counterfactual scenarios, the criteria for the likelihood of such scenarios and, in general, how free a fantasy can be so that a reasonable person "can believe in it".


A Map of Moscow's Pedestrian Accessibility Has Been Created

A map of Moscow's pedestrian accessibility
Experts from the Higher School of Economics and Lomonosov Moscow State University studied data on the pedestrian accessibility of Moscow

Sergey Davydov took part in the media briefing of the Digital Economy ANO

Sergey Davydov took part in the media briefing of the Digital Economy ANO
Sergey Davydov, senior researcher at the ILSIR, spoke on January 30 at the presentation of the study “The Impact of Artificial Intelligence on Education”

Cognitive Sciences Ph.D. school is accepting applications for 2024

Cognitive Sciences Ph.D. school is accepting applications for 2024
Studying at the PhD School in Cognitive Sciences opens avenues for careers in leading academic institutions, both in Russia and abroad.

Report on the topic: “Religious psychological tools”: mental representations of heaven and hell among Orthodox believers

SCIENTISTS FROM THE HIGHER SCHOOL OF ECONOMICS AND BRAZIL ARE CREATING A NEW THEORY OF HIGH-TEMPERATURE SUPERCONDUCTIVITY

The Russian and Brazilian scientists have started the joint development of a new theory of high-temperature superconductivity, which will explain the nature of recently discovered superconductors with multiple condensates, as well as the so-called topological superconductors. Mauro Doria, Professor at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, and Alexey Vagov, Director of the Center for Quantum Metamaterials at the Higher School of Economics, told HSE Daily about how cooperation will develop.

Scientific and practical conference “Tatiana’s Day” - elements of artificial intelligence in modern hematology"

Scientific and practical conference “Tatiana’s Day” - elements of artificial intelligence in modern hematology"
01/25/2024 laboratory staff took part in the scientific and practical conference “Tatiana’s Day” - elements of artificial intelligence in modern hematology"