Recent HSE Conference Offers Seminar on Education and Development
On September 16, the Centre for Cultural Sociology and Anthropology of Education (HSE Institute of Education) held a seminar entitled ‘Trajectories and Educational Choice’ that brought together experts to discuss a number of topics related to educational expansion and the relationship between schooling and economic development.
David Bills, Professor at the University of Iowa, researches educational inequality, labor market behavior, and trends in work and employment. After presenting at the conference, Professor Bills later spoke with the HSE news service about his research interests, his recommended reading for future scholars, and his impression of HSE students.
— You gave a report entitled ‘Qualifications, Transitions, and Trust across Societies and Over Time’ at the conference. What are the main findings of the research you presented?
— My major point in that presentation was that people’s lives are becoming less linear and more complicated. Increasingly, people move in and out of schooling, in and out of the labor force, in and out of training, all while managing family and financial commitments. People who study inequality need to analyze these transitions across different social roles.
Also, the educational credentials that people have earned are becoming more and more important as their careers develop. And all of this happens differently in different societies and in different historical periods.
— Education and development have been your focus for quite some time. What is attractive for you as a researcher?
— I think what is interesting here is that many people just assume that putting money into education will lead to economic growth, but actually the relationship is more complicated than that. It depends on how those educational investments are made. Sometimes the smartest thing to do is to expand education, and sometimes other policies should take precedence. Every society needs a well-educated population if it is going to prosper, but there are still decisions to be made about what kind of education to pursue. And of course, there are many important purposes of education other than economic growth – for example, health, civic participation, and artistic expression.
Also, we need to think about how to expand schooling so that everyone benefits, not just those who have traditionally benefitted in the past.
— Is there any magic formula for becoming a qualified researcher? What should people read? What should they do, and not do?
— Anyone who wants a career as a researcher or professor should read Frank Furstenberg’s book ‘Behind the Academic Curtain: How to Find Success and Happiness with a PhD’. It’s great both for people who are just starting out and for people who are moving toward retirement. Glen Firebaugh’s book ‘Seven Rules for Social Research’ is full of good information. Read the journals in your field. Go to conferences. Write at least something every day. Learn how education works in other countries. And there is nothing more important than finding an interesting and well-formulated research question.
— How did your visit to Moscow go? What's your overall impression of the students you met and the level of discussion you had at the Institute of Education?
— As I expected, everyone I met was very impressive. People are doing great research in a rigorous and creative way. Just as important, everyone was collegial and eager to discuss ideas.
Anna Chernyakhovskaya, specially for HSE News Service
How are students and graduates adjusting and adapting to the realities in their educational and career trajectories? What role does culture play in the sociology of education? How are attitudes towards higher education changing? These are just some of the many questions being addressed over the course a two-day conference entitled ‘Cultural Sociology and Education: Meanings, Choices and Trajectories’ that is being held on December 1-2 at the HSE Institute of Education in Moscow. HSE News Service has spoken to two conference participants, James Hurlbert of Yale University and Amy Binder from University of California, San Diego.
A good knowledge of algebra and geometry helps schoolchildren to solve some other types of tasks, including applied ones. These are the findings made by researchers from HSE, Stanford, and Michigan State University in a joint study.
Portrait galleries of renowned scientists, research laboratories right next to large classrooms and auditoriums, educational programmes for students and principals – these are just a few of the things discussed during an excursion around the HSE Institute of Education as part of the Open House project. Victoria Malova, a second-year student in the Evidence-Based Education Policy master’s programme, and Denis Federiakin, a second-year student in the Measurement in Psychology and Education master’s programme, served as the tour guides for the day.
From October 20-22, 2016, the Russian Association of Higher Education Researchers held its 7th International Conference ‘University between Global Challenges and Local Commitments’ at HSE Moscow. This annual event brings together researchers and educators who are interested in higher education development to discuss challenges and goals facing universities and their stakeholders (students, faculty, administrators, graduates etc.).
Disciplining students for a variety of activities, such as downloading papers from the internet, engaging in plagiarism or cheating on exams may not work when academic dishonesty is so commonplace at university that even top performers tend to follow the crowd in this. Indeed, academic misconduct can be self-perpetuating: if a student gets away with cheating once, they are more likely to cheat next time, according to Natalia Maloshonok.
On October 20-22, 2016, the Russian Association of Higher Education Researchers will hold its 7th International Conference in Moscow. This annual event brings together researchers and educators who are interested in higher education development in a forum to discuss challenges and goals facing universities and their stakeholders (students, faculty, administrators, graduates etc.).
Ivan Smirnov graduated from his master’s programme in Paris and hadn’t really considered coming back to Russia. But that was before he learned about the full-time advanced doctoral programme at HSE. The programme has some unique advantages among Russian programmes, which make it comparable to European PhDs.
For the first time ever, the leaders of education studies centres from some of the world’s leading research universities met at the HSE Academic Centre in Pushkin, Russia. At the meeting, the researchers, along with a representative from OECD, discussed how education studies departments should change to meet the global challenges that face the sphere of education.
The IV International Summer School on Higher Education Research, which was devoted to ‘Higher Education, Society and State’, was held June 4-10 in St. Petersburg. Organized jointly with the China Institute for Educational Finance Research at Peking University, the Summer School brings together senior and junior scholars in the field of higher education research; it aims to facilitate the exchange of ideas, enhance research quality, and foster the integration of early-career researchers into the international academic community.
The more books in the family and the richer and more educated the parents, the more likely it is that the children will do well at school. Elena Kardanova, Inna Antypkina and Alina Ivanova, researchers at the Centre of Education Quality Monitoring of the HSE Institute of Education, presented their paper 'The Progress of Grade One Students in the First Year of School: Perpetuating Inequality in Primary Education' at the HSE's XVII April Conference.