Sociological Theories: a View on the Economy
From October 25th – 28th an international academic conference ‘Embeddedness and beyond: Do sociological theories meet economic realities?’ took place at the HSE. Here are some video interviews with conference participants.
Economic theories are focused on explaining the current processes, but their deep understanding, according to the conference organizers, is only possible with the attraction of related sciences, which try to show that economic life is rooted in culture, institutions, everyday practices and other phenomena. One such science is economic sociology. Over the last 20 years it has been competing with such disciplines as new institutional economics, rational choice theory, relationship marketing and others, in the effort to explain economic phenomena.
The economic sociology conference ‘Embeddedness and beyond: Do sociological theories meet economic realities?’ was a unique event not only for Russia, but globally, too. Leaders in this field from all continents took part in its organization: the ‘Economy and Society’ committee of the International Sociological Association (ISA) and the European Sociological Association (ESA) Economic Sociology Research Network with the support of the ASA Economic Sociology section were all represented. Over 200 sociologists from Australia, England, Brazil, Germany, Canada, New Zealand, USA, France, and other countries participated in the conference. Their aim is to comprehend the development of the new economic sociology, and to evaluate the advantages and limitations of this approach in explaining key economic problems.
The topics of papers and discussions at the conference included financial markets, globalization and the crisis in modern capitalism, labour markets, the role of economic theories in economic life, the role of culture in the modern economy, as well as innovations and institutions.
Honorary speakers at the forum included Frank Dobbin (Harvard University), Karin Knorr Cetina (University of Chicago), Glenn Morgan (University of Cardiff, UK), David Stark (Columbia University), Laurent Thevénot (Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris), Brian Uzzi (Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University), Roberto Fernandez (Massachusetts Institute of Technology), and Marion Fourcade (University of California, Berkeley).
Zoya Kotelnikova, specially for the HSE News Service
Temporary or informally employed people are less satisfied with their lives than those with a permanent job. The most apparent differences can be seen in countries with strict labour laws. Tatiana Karabchuk and Natalia Soboleva investigated the legislative impact on the social well-being of employed populations in European countries and Russia.
Economists and Researchers Gather at International Conference on Wealth and Income in Eastern Europe and CIS Countries
On September 17-18, HSE University hosted a special conference with the International Association for Research in Income and Wealth (IARIW) on the topic of Experiences and Challenges in Measuring Income and Wealth in Eastern Europe and CIS Countries. This was the first IARIW conference to be held in a CIS country. HSE News Service spoke with American economist Barbara Fraumeni about her work with economic accounting and human capital and her experience attending the conference in Moscow.
This year, a slowdown is expected in the Russian economy. According to some forecasts, the country will enter recession in 2021 or possibly even earlier. However, according to the HSE Centre for Business Tendencies Studies (CBTS), there are no noticeable signs of recession at the moment. This article looks at what keeps Russia's economy from picking up pace and why slowdowns are a possibility, according to the HSE CBTS.
A flexible schedule is one of the main advantages of freelance work. But don’t rejoice in your freedom just yet: self-employment often disrupts the balance between life and work and takes up more time than traditional office work. HSE University researchers Denis Strebkov and Andrey Shevchuk investigated the downsides of independent work.
It is believed that carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere are mainly regulated by ‘direct’ economic instruments - the carbon tax and the Emissions Trading System (ETS). However, a comparative analysis has shown that ‘indirect’ instruments, such as excise taxes on motor fuel and other energy taxes, did not yield any lesser impact than their ‘direct’ counterparts, and, over time, were even more effective.
On July 31, the II International Economics Olympiad (IEO) for high school students came to a close in Saint Petersburg. In the team competition, the Brazilian team won the gold medal, while teams from China won silver and bronze. One of Russian teams placed fifth.
More than 64% of employed Russians work evenings, nights or weekends, and this is one of the highest figures among European countries. Andrei Shevchuk and Anna Krasilnikova were the first to study the extent of nonstandard working hours in Russia and its impact on work-life balance.
On July 24, the second annual International Economics Olympiad (IEO) for high school students kicked off at HSE University in St. Petersburg. The competition is organized by HSE University with the support of Sberbank. Students from 24 countries will compete over the course of a week. The winners will be able to enroll in any HSE Economics programme in 2020 with a full tuition scholarship.
On July 24-July 31, the second annual International Economics Olympiad (IEO) for high school students will be held in St. Petersburg. The IEO is organized and hosted by HSE University with the support of Sberbank.
The way one thinks, feels and acts in certain circumstances can determine career opportunities in terms of employment and pay. For the first time in Russia, Ksenia Rozhkova has examined the effect of personality characteristics on employment.