BRICS Antimonopoly Centre Opens at HSE
This summer, the HSE-Skolkovo Institute for Law and Development opened a new division - the BRICS Antimonopoly Centre. It will engage in applied research and expert analysis aimed at improving competition policies and strengthening antitrust regulation in the BRICS economies. The Centre will also coordinate the activities of the BRICS member states’ competition authorities and scientific communities.
The first steps towards launching the BRICS Antimonopoly Centre were made by the HSE - Skolkovo Institute for Law and Development team back in 2015. According to the Director of the Institute, Alexey Ivanov, breakneck globalization has brought about an abnormal situation, whereby the global market operates in the absence of common competition rules. Hence, a host of irregularities and malpractices that had been successfully restricted at the national level have ‘spilled over’ into the global market. Over the last three or four years, the Russian Federal Antimonopoly Service, in collaboration with the HSE - Skolkovo Institute for Law and Development, has been actively involved in enhancing cooperation among the BRICS countries in the area of antitrust regulation.
What has been achieved so far? The HSE - Skolkovo Institute for Law and Development launched a food market regulation project in cooperation with the BRICS competition authorities. It also held joint seminars and conferences which resulted in the signing of the first agreement outlining cooperation between the BRICS nations in the area of antitrust regulation.
With this track record, the Institute established itself as a leading expert during talks over the acquisition of Russia-based American ‘Monsanto’ by German industry giant, Bayer. The Russian Federal Antimonopoly Service, which had the final say in the agreement, insisted on a number of provisions aimed at strengthening competition in agro-industries. First and foremost, Bayer pledged to transfer a number of its digital solutions and seed selection technologies to Russian agricultural companies. Such a regulatory decision, reflecting the BRICS countries’ economic agenda priorities, has set a revolutionary precedent for the world.
Along with the food market regulation project, which was very successful, new workgroups were formed jointly with the BRICS competition authorities in order to pursue cooperation in pharmaceutical and digital markets regulation. The President of the Russian Federation also signed a resolution endorsing the founding of the BRICS Antimonopoly Centre on the HSE premises, which will be charged with the preparation and organization of the BRICS Conference on Antitrust Regulation, due to take place in Moscow in 2019.
‘Our ambition,’ says Alexey Ivanov, ‘is to transform the Centre into an international body for cooperation among the BRICS countries’ competition authorities that will perform functions similar to those of the OECD (Organisation on Cooperation and Development) Competition Committee. This would primarily involve collecting data (including sensitive files) from the BRICS countries’ competition authorities, determining best practices and - most importantly – issuing recommendations and formulating approaches to competition policy that fully comply with the demands of the BRICS economies and build on the expert knowledge and scientific research provided by the BRICS member states. Moreover, we are planning to establish a Scientific Board at the Centre that will bring together internationally recognized scientists, as well as to set up a Supervisory Board, consisting of one representative of each of the BRICS countries’ competition authorities’.
To begin with, the BRICS Antimonopoly Centre will draw on staff resources at the HSE — Skolkovo Institute for Law and Development. The Chief Research Fellow of the Institute for Law and Development, Ioannis Lianos, will spearhead the Centre’s scientific research, while Alexey Ivanov will be responsible for the general supervision of the Centre’s activities. The Centre will be working in close cooperation with other HSE science and research units that possess state of the art expertise in relevant fields, most notably the Department of Applied Economics at HSE’s Faculty of Economic Sciences, and the Institute for Competition and Market Regulation.
The research and development of new approaches to antitrust regulation in the digital sector, the agro-industrial sector, the pharmaceutical industry, and other markets remain the main focus of the work of the BRICS Competition Law and Policy Centre, which operates within HSE University. The Centre's Supervisory Board recently endorsed its work conducted over the past year and supported its agenda for this year.
Representatives of governmental bodies and international organizations joined BRICS experts to discuss anti-corruption education at a roundtable that took place on December 1 as a videoconference. Representatives of HSE university participated in the event organization and the discussion itself.
Russian Government Supports the Development of International BRICS Competition Law and Policy Centre at HSE University
The Government’s decree on providing for the activities of the International BRICS Competition Law and Policy Centre as part of HSE University was issued last week. Previously, this department had operated at the HSE-Skolkovo Institute for Law and Development, however the Federal Antimonopoly Service of Russia, together with BRICS antimonopoly bodies, initiated the Centre’s restructuring as a stand-alone department. The HSE News Service learned more about the Centre’s work and its research into competition policy.
From Moscow to Brazil, South Africa, and China: Panelists Discuss Challenges and Potential for BRICS Countries in the Global Economy
On May 14, as part of the ‘World Economy’ session of the XXI April Conference 2020 an online panel attended by representatives of BRICS Network University took place. The session was devoted to the topic ‘BRICS Countries in the Global Economy’.
Over the past 20 years, the BRICS countries' contribution to biotechnology development has increased manyfold, but it may be too early to predict a change of global leaders in this field, according to HSE ISSEK researchers who examined biotechnology patenting in the BRICS countries and published their findings in Trends in Biotechnology.
On April 11, Dr Daya Thussu, Professor of International Communication and Co-Director of India Media Centre at the Communication and Media Research Institute (University of Westminster) will speak at the XVIII April International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development. His presentation, entitled ‘Creative industries in BRICS nations and glocalization of content’, is part of a panel session on Global corporations and local media content producers on newly emerging markets: technological and creative aspects. In addition to his academic role at the University of Westminster, he serves as the Managing Editor of the journal ‘Global Media and Communication’.
How can cooperation among BRICS countries be built in the modern era? What can contribute to the economic growth of China and Russia? These are the key issues of the Summer School on ‘Economics and Business in BRICS: Perspectives for Russia and China’ that took place in Saint Petersburg in August 2016.
From June 15 to 19, 2015, the HSE Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge (ISSEK) held a joint summer school with Brazil’s Center for Strategic Studies and Management in Science, Technology and Innovation (CGEE). The aim of the summer school was to explore areas for collaboration for both countries and institutions in the field of Foresight and STI policy following an earlier memorandum of understanding signed between CGEE and HSE.
On the 22-23rd June the BRICS Competition Law and Policy Forum took place at HSE St Petersburg. The international conference was organised jointly by the HSE-Skolkovo Institute for Law and Development, the Centre for Law, Economics and Society at UCL and the Russian Federal Antimonopoly Service (FAS). Heads of antitrust departments and experts from the BRICS and the EEC were joined by leading academics and experts on competition law from Europe and the US.
Today St Petersburg saw the launch of the international conference Education and Global Cities: BRICS perspectives. About 400 representatives of higher education and high-schools, authorities, and businesses from across the world discuss the latest trends in education development, the current role of universities in cities and new paths to resolving current problems in education.