From Local to Global Context
Mikhail Matytsin has worked at the Moscow office of the World Bank for three years, and in autumn, he goes to its head office in Washington. For him, it all started from studying poverty and inequality on the HSE doctoral programme. Or perhaps it came even earlier, from his family, where both Mikhail’s grandfather and father were successful scholars and an inspiring example for the researcher.
Mikhail quickly realized that he was most interested in studying the mathematical methods of economic analysis and econometrics. He studied these areas as an undergraduate, a master’s, and a doctoral student, supervised by Emil Ershov. Mikhail also participated in some projects by the HSE Laboratory for Macro-Structural Modeling of the Russian Economy.
‘It was motivating work with a good team’, Mikhail said, ‘I’d never imagined that what we studied at the doctoral programme would be so applicable in practice. I did it out of personal interest, and it turned out that I got a unique professional qualification. In my candidate’s thesis, Professor Ershov and I developed an approach to measuring income inequality in Russia, taking into account varying prices.
The idea was that, in addition to differences in incomes, people also face varying prices in the supermarkets. Some people live in Moscow, where everything is available, but expensive. Other people live in remote places, where supermarkets are far away and it’s difficult to find certain goods. Some people have access to cheap food products, but not access to services, or vice versa. People choose various prices due to various reasons, and it also affects the level of their consumption. The official statistics reflect this only in part. The study tracked the changing food prices, for example, how much more quickly prices for expensive goods grow than for cheaper ones. Our research was presented at the World Bank and got positive feedback.’
After the doctoral programme, Mikhail participated in the World Bank’s project on forecasting consumption in Russia. Then, he worked at the Centre of Macroeconomic Studies headed by Ksenia Yudaeva in Sberbank. And then he returned to the World Bank, where he got the opportunity to continue the research that he started as a doctoral student. Now Mikhail is a member of a group conducting a lot of quantitative studies to analyze and evaluate poverty and the factors influencing antipoverty policies.
‘My work at the World Bank gradually shifted from macroeconomic to microeconomic projects’, Mikhail Matytsin said, ‘For example, I worked on an interesting project on population ageing, where we evaluated the influence of forthcoming demographic trends on the economy. My next step will be immersion in the global context; in autumn I’ll start working at the World Bank headquarters in Washington, D.C. where I hope I’ll be able to use and expand my experience of both research and communication with various officials and scholars.’
Applications are now being accepted for HSE doctoral programmes. The 2018 procedure is similar to that used by many international universities: exams can be sat online and in English, and HSE can now confer its own academic degrees. Sergey Roshchin, HSE Vice Rector, told the HSE News Service about how the procedure has changed.
Ekaterina Vasilevskaya is a second year student on the full-time advanced doctoral programme, and also a visiting lecturer at HSE. Since 2016, she has participated in the 'Health Literacy and Its Impact on Weight-Related Behaviors in College Students’ research project at Florida International University, USA. In her interview for the Doctoral School of Psychology, Ekaterina spoke about being admitted to the HSE doctoral programme, and her studies.
New regulations simplifying admissions to HSE’s doctoral programmes have been approved. The procedure includes two application waves that consider personal achievements, and offers more opportunities for those who speak foreign languages. Vice Rector Sergey Roshchin told us more about the changes.
Over the past quarter century, the number of people living in extreme poverty has declined three times worldwide. However, prosperity growth remains rather uneven in its overall distribution. On January 13, 2017, Ana Revenga, the World Bank's Deputy Chief Economist, presented a report on the problems of global poverty and inequality.
Doctoral schools provide an opportunity for international doctoral students to undertake part of their study or research at HSE. The university offers two types of traineeships – research and study. The study stay involves taking courses from the HSE doctoral schools. The research stay offers the opportunity to work with a particular academic advisor or at an international research laboratory or centre; gain access to international full-text and abstract databases, journals and books; and attend graduate seminars.
In 2015 Alexey Bufetov graduated from HSE Doctoral School of Mathematics, and is now working at MIT. He has talked to HSE News Site about his research and his career as a mathematician.
Simulation games involve the recreation of various situations within the framework of a specially designed environment. There are many different types of games, but most come in the form of computer simulations used in the fields of medicine, flight training, business, and politics. Simulation games are unique in that they are used mostly in practice; that is, they are constructed and only then is one able to see whether these constructions work or not. To learn how to take a scientific approach towards this topic, Natalia Isaeva, Junior Research Fellow and Doctoral student at the Institute of Education went to the Netherlands to study at Maastricht University.
Ivan Smirnov graduated from his master’s programme in Paris and hadn’t really considered coming back to Russia. But that was before he learned about the full-time advanced doctoral programme at HSE. The programme has some unique advantages among Russian programmes, which make it comparable to European PhDs.
Samira Verhees, a Ghent University alumna and doctoral student at the HSE School of Linguistics, spoke about her Caucasian studies.