Russia Takes 45 th Place in the New Global Innovation Index
On June 15, 2017, the tenth Global Innovation Index was presented at the UN headquarters in Geneva. It includes the key indicators of innovative activities in 127 countries. Russia took 45th place in the ranking. Switzerland is leading the ranking for the seventh year in a row.
The Global Innovation Index (GII 2017) was compiled by Cornell University (USA), INSEAD business school (France), and the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO, a United Nations agency) since 2007. Leonid Gokhberg, Director of HSE ISSEK, is a member of the GII Advisory Board and provides advice on the research underlying the index. He co-authored the analytical report that traditionally accompanies the index with ISSEK researcher Ilya Kuzminov.
How the Global Innovation Index works
GII 2017 includes 127 countries that are responsible for 98% of the global GDP, 92% of the world’s population lives in these countries. The index is based on 81 innovation indicators, split in seven key areas: institutions, human capital, infrastructure, market sophistication, business sophistication, knowledge & technology output, and creative output. The indicators in the first five areas form the ‘innovation input sub-index’, while the other two areas form the ‘innovation output sub-index’. The total ranking is calculated as an average of these two sub-indices.
A special section in GII 2017 analyzes the world’s largest clusters of innovative activity where the density of international patent filings is the highest.
Over the last three years, Russia has been steadily improving its positions in the innovation input sub-index, while innovation output indicators have been falling
Switzerland has been leading the index for the past seven years. Other leading innovators also include Sweden, the Netherlands, the USA, and Great Britain. High-income countries take 24 out of the first 25 positions in the ranking. The only exception is China, which is 22nd.
The ranking’s authors notice a persisting gap in innovative opportunities of developed and developing countries, as well as weak R&D growth rates in both the public sector and corporations.
Russia takes 45th place in the new index. Over the last three years, Russia has been steadily improving its positions in the innovation input sub-index, while innovation output indicators have been falling.
The index evaluates Russian innovation system’s strengths and weaknesses. The country’s competitive advantages include employment rate among females with a university degree. Russia is second in this indicator, unchanged from last year. Russia is also one of the Top 20 by indicators such as number of graduates in science & engineering (13th), pupil-teacher ratio in schools (14th), knowledge-intensive employment (15th), and gross tertiary enrolment (17th).
Russia’s agriculture and food industry will transit from sustainable production to a sustainable innovation system, which will be impossible without reviving research and technological innovation in these industries
Russia is sixth by internal market volume, but only 60th by its development. Other figures also demonstrate the gap between the country’s potential and its realization: while Russia is 22nd by knowledge creation, it is 43rd by knowledge diffusion, and only 111th by knowledge impact.
Russia is either at the end of the first hundred or beyond it in terms of the quality of political and regulatory environment, government effectiveness, investment, and venture capital deals. The country is 110th by growth rate of GDP per worker, and 108th by GDP per unit of energy used.
How innovations feed the world
The title of the traditional analytical report accompanying GII this year is ‘Innovation Feeding the World’. The authors looked at how the innovation activities foster the development of agriculture and food systems. (These include production, processing, distribution and consumption of food, as well as waste disposal and recycling).
The authors said that the agriculture and food industries face rapidly growing global demand and competition for limited natural resources in the coming decades. They will also have to adjust to the changing climate and mitigate such changes. Innovations are a key tool to maintaining the growing production, which is needed to meet the growing global demand.
Leonid Gokhberg and Ilya Kuzminov authored a chapter in the report entitled ‘Technological Future of the Agriculture and Food Sector in Russia’, in which they gave the results of an HSE project monitoring the global technology trends.
The researchers reviewed the current state of Russia’s agriculture and food sector and presented their forecast for an intensive and moderate development scenarios in this area, which they called ‘Global Breakthrough’ and ‘Local Growth’. Both scenarios were formed as part of the ‘Science and Technology Foresight for Agriculture and Food Sector in the Russian Federation until 2030’, which was approved by the Russian Ministry of Agriculture in January 2017. According to the researchers, under any scenario, Russia’s agriculture and food industry will transit from sustainable production to a sustainable innovation system, which will be impossible without reviving research and technological innovation in these industries.
Download the full version of GII 2017 at the project website.
HSE University Becomes Russia’s Only Academic Institution in U.S. News Best Global Universities Rankings in Economics and Social Sciences
HSE University has improved its standing in the general U.S. News Best Global Universities ranking. Today, the agency published its 2019 global rankings. HSE University appeared in the Economics and Business ranking for the first time, placing 235th. We are also the only Russian institution to make the cut.
HSE University has once again placed in two subject rankings of the Times Higher Education (THE) World University Rankings: Computer Science (in the top 400) and Engineering and Technology (in the 601-800 range).
This year HSE University rose six positions to take 17th place in the QS Emerging Europe and Central Asia University Ranking (QS EECA).
HSE University improved its performance from last year, entering the Top-200 of the Times Higher Education (THE) subject ranking in Arts and Humanities. We now place second among Russian universities and have the best results of the participants of the Russian Academic Excellence Project 5-100.
HSE University is now represented in all four fields of the Top-100 of Business Master's ranking, which was published for the third time by the international agency QS.
HSE University was able to place high on the Graduate Employability Ranking (201-250), outpacing its main competitors for the first time in five years. This year, the number of candidates to the ranking was increased 15% (758 universities), with new 36 universities joining the list.
THE WUR, Times Higher Education World University Rankings, has compiled its 2019 global rankings. HSE University performed positively, moving up to the 251-300 cohort, and taking third place among Russian universities following MSU and MIPT.
HSE University has firmly entered the Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), which is known for its rigorous selection criteria. After placing in the ranking for the first time last year, HSE University maintained its position despite increased competition — more than 50 new universities entered the ranking for the first time this year.
HSE recently placed 39th in the QS Top-50 ‘Under 50’ ranking, thus maintaining its position in the Top-40 despite increasing competition in this special academic category.
On June 24-26, 2020, the THE Young Universities Summit will be held for the first time at HSE University in Moscow. An official hand off ceremony was held earlier at the University of Surrey, which hosted the event this year. It was not by chance that HSE University was selected to be next year’s summit host—it is the only Russian university that consistently ranks among the THE top 100 young universities, and this year it took 60th place.