Russia Is Emerging as a True Eurasian Power
Russia's collaboration with the countries of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), and Asia in general, was the central theme of the session ‘Integration Processes as a Resource for Internal and External Development’.
Russia and Central Asia
Elena Kuzmina (Institute of Economics at the Russian Academy of Sciences, IE RAS) gave the presentation 'Russia's Challenges and Interests in Central Asia at Present', focusing in particular on Russia's positions in Central Asia.
Kuzmina concluded that even though Russia's positions there have seriously weakened since the global crisis, Russia remains the largest trading partner for Central Asian countries. She further mentioned that Russia's two main disadvantages in its economic cooperation with Central Asia are the lack of competitiveness of Russian products and poor domestic support of exports in Russia.
Major migration flows link Russia and Central Asia and serve the interests of all parties. Remittances from Russia are estimated to reach between 20% and 80% of the GDP of Central Asian countries. 'Russia needs immigrants from Central Asia but has yet to create a legal framework for attracting immigrants, keeping track of them, and providing them with decent work–maybe by adopting the European Union's experience', says Kuzmina.
Vladimir Pereboyev from the Eurasian Development Bank (EDB) quoted extensive empirical data in his presentation 'EDB Integration Barometer: Public Perception of Eurasian Integration'.
In 2012, EDB collaborated with the Eurasian Monitor Research Agency to conduct a large-scale (over 13,000 respondents) survey in the former Soviet Union, looking at various aspects of integration and cooperation with regard to three broad groups of countries: ‘Countries of the Former USSR’ (except the Baltic States), ‘Countries of the European Union’, and ‘Others’.
In respect to three key areas of cooperation – the economy, politics, and culture – the post-Soviet space retains its attractiveness for the majority of participating countries, except Azerbaijan and Georgia. Ukraine and Russia attract the most interest in other countries of the former Soviet Union, but Russians and Ukrainians tend to focus more on the European Union rather than on the post-Soviet space; this attitude is a major 'stumbling block' for Eurasian integration.
Russia and the Asia-Pacific Region
Elena Martynova, a doctoral student in the HSE Faculty of World Economy and International Affairs, spoke about Russia's policy with regard to Asia-Pacific integration, in particular the APEC Summit of 2012. She noted that 'now is a good moment for a political breakthrough in Asian relations and the diversification of markets since the Arab revolutions and the growing tensions in Iran have caused the largest consumers of energy to look to other suppliers'. In addition, APEC economies – through the Common Economic Space (CES) and the Customs Union (CU) of Russia, Kazakhstan, and Belarus – may integrate with the European Union, and Russia sees this 'Eurasian integration vector' as an alternative to the U.S. strategy of returning to Asia, announced in 2011.
In recent years, Russian political circles have extensively discussed the need to step up cooperation with the countries of East and Southeast Asia, but at the moment Russia contributes less than 1% to the global trade volume. The biggest exporters to Russia are Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, and Thailand, and the biggest importers are Singapore, Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines. Many countries of the Association of Southeast Nations (ASEAN) rate far above Russia in terms of having a favourable business climate, but, strangely enough, Russian businessmen do not see this as a cause for cooperation.
Director of the HSE’s Centre for Comprehensive European and International Studies Timofei Bordachev concluded the session with a presentation on the main trends of political and economic development in the Asia-Pacific region and Russia's interests.
'Russia's turn towards Asia may be considered a fait accompli', believes Bordachev. 'Even though we continue to look to Europe for democratic and other values, we no longer see Europe as an absolute number one partner. Russia is no longer trying to appear a European country with a large estate in Asia but rather is emerging as the true Eurasian power of the 21st century'.
In Bordachev’s opinion, Asia offers the most promising markets for Russia. In addition, Asia's growing military capacity is forcing Russia to develop its Trans-Baikal and Far Eastern regions to make them appear less vulnerable.
Maria Glazyrina, second-year Faculty of Law student and HSE News Service intern
The roundtable "Teaching Economics to High School Students: Curricula, Practices, Competitions" took place as part of the XXII April International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development. Danil Fedorovykh, Deputy Vice Rector of HSE University and the President of the Executive Board of the International Economics Olympiad (IEO), initiated the session. Alexander Zhitkovskiy, Head of the Project Laboratory for Development of Intellectual Competitions in Economics (Faculty of Economic Sciences, HSE University), was the co-moderator.
The Core of the Nesting Doll: What a Comparison of the April Conference, the World Economic Forum, and the Gaidar Forum Reveals
This year the April International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development took place for the twenty-second time, and, for the first time, Sberbank joined HSE University as a co-organizer of the event. Research assistants of the Economic Journalism Laboratory, headed by Nikolay Vardul, analyzed the agenda of the April Conference and compared it with those of other major forums. The findings of the study can be found among the laboratory’s publications.
On April 30, the XXII April International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development came to a close. This year it was organized jointly by HSE University and Sberbank, and the majority of the events were held online. HSE Vice President and Conference Programme Committee Deputy Chair Lev Yakobson spoke with HSE News Service about his initial takeaways from the event and its new format.
The XXII April International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development is drawing to a close in Moscow. In an interview with the media partner of the event, NEWS.ru, HSE University Vice Rector Ivan Prostakov spoke about how the format of the conference was organized, how the pandemic impacted the event, and how scientists and experts from different countries regard Russia.
Cyber Performance, PROK Cinema, and Digital Art: The Development of Art and Art Research in the 21st Century
From April 21 to 23, 2021, a major online conference of the HSE Art and Design School and the Doctoral School of Art and Design was held on ‘Theories and Practices of Art and Design: Sociocultural, Economic and Political Contexts.’ Experts discussed educational practices in art, its contemporary state, the impact of technology, and prospects for the art industry’s future development.
To what extent do the countries of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) benefit from an open economy? What financial, scientific, and educational policy tools will contribute to the implementation of the recently approved ‘Strategic Directions for the Development of Eurasian Economic integration until 2025’? These questions were discussed by participants in a series of expert discussions at the XXII April International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development organised by HSE University and Sberbank.
In order to remain competitive in the labour market, university graduates must be proficient not only in professional knowledge and skills, but also in a set of universal competences (UC). However, higher education systems face problems in assessing such competences due to a lack of developed approaches and methodologies. A report released by the HSE Institute of Education, ‘An Assessment of Universal Competences as Higher Education Learning Outcomes’, analyses the ways in which these challenges have been addressed in both Russia and abroad.
Artificial Intelligence (AI) has become a fundamental component of many activities in economics and finance in recent years. On April 26,Panos Pardalos, Academic Supervisor at theLaboratory of Algorithms and Technologies for Networks Analysis (LATNA at HSE Nizhny Novgorod) and Distinguished Professor of Industrial and Systems Engineering at the University of Florida, will talk about its impact, future developments and limitations in his honorary lecture Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Economics and Finance.
What is affect and why is it important for humans? How can feelings be defined and what is their relation to emotions and consciousness? What might be used in making a soft robot? Professor Antonio Damasio (University of Southern California, USA) discussed these and other questions in his honorary lecture, entitled 'Feeling, Knowing, and Artificial Intelligence'.The talk was delivered on April 16 at the at the XXII April International Academic Conference held by HSE University jointly with Sberbank.
General wealth levels in Eastern Europe and Central Asia have been improving since 2012 — poverty has been decreasing. But due to COVID, global poverty levels, including those of these regions, may increase considerably for the first time in two decades. Samuel Freije-Rodriguez, Lead Economist at World Bank, talked about this at the XXII April Conference organized by HSE University and Sberbank.