‘People Want to Receive Only Useful Content’
Experts say that interest in news has sharply increased among the Russian audience. At the same time, part of the audience deliberately avoids it. What kind of content is in demand and will people continue to watch TV? These and other issues were discussed at the plenary session ‘Info-hygiene and Information Elitism: How to Consume Media Properly’ at the XXIV Yasin (April) International Academic Conference.
Anastasia Kazun, Senior Research Fellow at HSE Laboratory for Studies in Economic Sociology, presented the study ‘New Trends in Media Consumption: Avoiding News and Doomscrolling’. An abundant media environment with a large number of information sources on one hand and the growth of negative content during the crisis on the other has led to two opposite reactions by consumers: avoiding news, or doomscrolling (spending an excessive amount of time reading large quantities of negative news online).
Since the beginning of 2022, representatives of the older age group (64+) have most often reported an increase in news consumption, while respondents aged 18-24 are more likely to say that they do not watch political and economic news at all. Many respondents make a conscious attempt to limit their consumption of information content in order to avoid negative emotions. Some respondents even compare it to a bad habit that needs to be eliminated.
At the same time, ‘avoiders’ and ‘doomscrollers’ don’t just consume different amounts of content, they choose news on different themes: the former lean towards entertainment, the latter – towards the political and economic.
Doomscrollers tend towards an increase in the volume of content consumed up to ‘news bulimia’, an increase in the number of sources used, emotional involvement and the need to share what you learnt with others. Such people read and listen to the news even in the shower, at parties and in other non-standard places.
At the same time, both groups do not interpret their reactions as traumatic and do not see it as a problem.
Ksenia Achkasova, Executive Director at Mediascope, spoke on how the media audience was distributed in 2022. Last year, TV mostly featured programmes in the information genres. In total, news and socio-political programmes accounted for a quarter of the time that Russians spent watching major channels, while another quarter was assigned to television series. Entertainment programmes and movies are also included in the top 5 genres. These five genres together made up 80% of TV viewing.
In addition to news, the amount of time spent watching socio-political programmes is also growing: on average, the audience spend half an hour a day watching these programmes. The percentage of such broadcasts doubled and reached 16%.
The audience for news sites and applications is also growing. Almost all Internet users turn to them daily. However, the structure of Internet consumption has not changed significantly over the past year.
Telegram's audience has grown significantly. The average time spent on this platform is now almost 40 minutes a day. At the same time, a significant part of this time (a third) is for information — reading telegram channels. Men and older people devote most of their time to them. For the younger group, entertainment is more important.
As for social networks, 40% of Russians visit VKontakte every day. The platform continues to increase its audience, partly due to the audience flow from other, blocked social networks.
Fatigue accumulates not from the news as it is, but from the means of its transmission — specifically the mobile phone, believes Daria Levchenko, Advisor to the Minister of the Economic Development of the Russian Federation. The phone itself is a source of not only useful or entertaining content, but also irritation — for example, from endless work chats and messages.
‘This fatigue imposes certain obligations on government agencies and businesses — the search for the most accurate and verified channels of information delivery and the formulation of messages in a suitable format. Targeting of communication channels becomes the main way out,’ says Levchenko.
People want to receive messages in the most customized way possible, said Andrey Lavrov, Senior Director of Communications at HSE University. HSE University has responded to this by creating more than 30 of its own channels for different audiences.
‘People want to receive only useful content, and we are trying to find a large number of groups, subgroups and microgroups within our target audience — this is the most effective means of communication. From this point of view, we are now carefully studying the brand media format,’ he adds. Brand media broadcasts useful content to consumers, telling them both what they need and what they want.
Maxim Ivanov, Deputy Head Editor at Vedomosti Newspaper, noted that media consumption has changed a lot. Since COVID-19, there has been a stream of bad, downbeat news that comes into every home and concerns every family.
‘The situation in business and socio-political media is a bit different, because behind the inevitable negativity that envelops us, we can always find interesting angles and promote them. People also click on consumer news, and it is much easier to sell this than the negative stories, which everyone else is engaged in,’ he believes.
Ivan Makarov, Head of Media Working Group, ‘News on Dzen’ Project, believes that the future belongs to the retail media format.
‘Via their superapps, retail really wants to communicate with the consumers from the moment they wake up to the moment they fall asleep and offer them escapist content, entertainment content that contradicts conventional media channels. Over the next two or three years, retail may well recruit an audience at the expense of classic media,’ he believes.
If we talk about the levels of audience content perception, there are only five of them: informational, entertaining, educational, self-actualizing (when a person reads what is trending) and inspirational stories. There is much more informational content than the other groups, while we often miss the inspirational one.
‘Unfortunately, we are still very bad at measuring what people think about particular content, how they relate to it, and what emotions they experience. Now we can only understand what exactly they are watching, but not what they feel about it. And this is a large field for research,’ says Andrey Lavrov.
The event was moderated by Gleb Cherkasov, Director of HSE Media Practices Centre.
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