National Award Ceremony in Applied Economics Held at HSE
The prestigious National Award in Applied Economics 2016 has been granted to Ekaterina Zhuravskaya, Professor at the Paris School of Economics, and Evgeny Yakovlev, Professor and Director of the New Economic School Data Centre, for their paper ‘The Unequal Enforcement Of Liberalization: Evidence From Russia's Reform Of Business Regulation’. The National Award ceremony took place on April 20, 2016 as part of the XVII April International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development.
The National Award in Applied Economics was established in 2009 by the Higher School of Economics (HSE, Moscow), New Economic School (NES, Moscow), the Ural Federal University (UrFU, Ekaterinburg), Association of Russian Economic Think Tanks (ARETT, Moscow), RAS Institute of World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO RAS), and Expert business magazine (Moscow). The award is given once every two years for outstanding published papers that analyse the Russian economy at the country, industry, regional, or company level.
This year 20 papers were nominated, two of them were rejected by the jury as they did not meet the formal criteria such as nomination and publication deadlines. A total of 18 papers were sent for anonymous review to at least two experts, more than half of whom were international scholars from leading universities and research centres.
17 of 18 papers represent the articles published in international journals, including Journal of the European Economic Association, Review of Economics and Statistics, Journal of Development Economics, Journal of Law and Economics and Journal of Comparative Economics. The papers were either written by Russian or international authors alone or co-authored by Russian and international scholars. The number of papers in each category was approximately the same.
‘The fact that many works submitted to the contest were co-authored by Russian and international researchers, published in leading peer-reviewed journals, and widely cited means that the Russian economy is an interesting research topic internationally, and that Russian scholars are well-known and highly qualified,’ — said Laura Solanko, Senior Advisor at the Bank of Finland, member of this year’s jury and the winner of the National Award in Applied Economics - 2014.
The topics were quite varied, ranging from individual and company behaviour on the stock and labour markets to the role of economic and political institutions in economic development, as well as issues related to Russia’s economic history.
Ekaterina Zhuravskaya and Evgeny Yakovlev examined the Russian reform of the early 2000s aimed at decreasing regulatory costs for business.
‘This paper examines the critical question in the development economics: how economic liberalization affects the performance of small businesses, — said Alexander Muraviev, member of the jury and Associate Professor at the HSE St. Petersburg School of Economics and Management. The main conclusion of the study is that liberalization has a positive impact on the performance of small firms and affects the growth of small businesses as a whole. The positive effect is stronger in regions with more transparent local government, better informed residents, stronger and more reform-oriented business lobbyists, and broader autonomy, in other words, in regions with stronger institutions. In our opinion, the work is not only interesting from the point of view of economic science, but may also help to respond to the challenges faced by the Russian economy.’
During the ceremony several papers received honourable mention, including the following:
- Serguey Braguinsky, Sergey Mityakov, and Andrey Liscovich, 2014. Direct Estimation of Hidden Earnings: Evidence from Administrative Data. Journal of Law and Economics, 57(2): 281-319.
- Julia Shvets, Judicial Institutions and Firms’ External Finance: Evidence from Russia, Journal of Law, Economics and Organization, August 2013 29: 735-764.
- Irena Grosfeld & Alexander Rodnyansky & Ekaterina Zhuravskaya, 2013. Persistent Antimarket Culture: A Legacy of the Pale of Settlement after the Holocaust, American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, American Economic Association, vol. 5(3), pages 189-226.
On April 14, 2017, Andreas Schleicher, Director for the Directorate of Education and Skills at OECD, spoke at the XVIII April Conference at Higher School of Economics (HSE). In 1999, he invented the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), one of the biggest international comparative studies of education quality. His honorary lecture was dedicated to global trends in the transformation of national education systems.
An important area being researched today is the relationship between universities and the government in the formation of socioeconomic policy, and this discussion was raised at the international seminar ‘Universities, Inclusive Development, and Social Innovation’ that took place as part of HSE’s XVIII April International Academic Conference.
Global demand for oil will likely grow at a slower rate, but the chances that this growth will nevertheless continue until 2035 are still high. Moreover, the European Union will remain Russia’s key trading partner, while China will increase its share of the global economy, but it won’t catch up with Russia in terms of GDP per capita by 2040. Experts discussed these and some other options for Russian economic development over the coming decades based on global trends at the expert discussion ‘The Russian Economy in the International Economic System’ at Higher School of Economics (HSE).
At ‘Crossroads and Prospects for the Development of Russian Education’, a special session held as part of the XVIII April Conference, experts discussed the section related to education from a recent report on the strategy of Russia’s development by the Centre for Strategic Research. Since investments in education have an effect after 15-20 years, participants analyzed development prospects up to 2035.
Why did Trump win the election? Who votes for right-wing xenophobic populist parties? How do we account for Brexit? Ronald Inglehart, Academic Supervisor of HSE Laboratory for Comparative Social Research, traces the change in public opinion to rising inequality and the resulting cultural xenophobic backlash and prevailing feeling of insecurity.
How should the state’s economic priorities change? What structural reforms are to take place in the near future? What should be improved in the state control system? Participants at the roundtable discussion ‘The State and Economic Development’ discussed these and other issues as part of the XVIII April Conference at Higher School of Economics (HSE) in Moscow.
The International Symposium on Economics and Sociology of Education is being held on April 11-14 as part of the XVIII April Conference on Economic and Social Development. On April 11, experts discussed the dynamics of educational outcomes in Russia and beyond (based on data culled from international projects to monitor the quality of education) at a roundtable session organized by the World Bank.
At this year’s April Conference on Economic and Social Development, speakers in the first expert discussion on strategies for Russia’s development discussed growth prospects for the Russian economy. The main speaker was Chairman of the Board at the Centre for Strategic Research, Alexei Kudrin.
The XVIII April International Academic Conference has kicked off at Higher School of Economics (HSE). This major event includes expert discussions on the strategic problems facing Russia’s economic and social development. Representatives of the Russian Government will take part in the debates.
‘By Observing Best Educational Practices at the International Level, Schools and Universities Can Improve Efficiency’
Tommaso Agasisti, Associate Professor at the Politecnico di Milano School of Management, researches management and economics of the public sector and teaches business administration, accounting, and control & performance management. In an interview with the HSE News Service ahead of his presentation at the XVIII April International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development, he spoke about his recent research and the importance of taking a multi-country perspective to today’s questions of education reform.