‘The BRICS Strategic Partnership Offers the World Creative, Unifying, Forward-Looking Initiatives’
Today, BRICS has become an influential factor in modern international relations and is perceived as one of the pillars of a more just world order. This association is not based on one party’s dominance, but instead, is built on a sound balance of interests. The role of the association was discussed by the participants of the plenary session ‘BRICS Development Strategy: Equal Opportunities in an Unequal World’ at the XXIV Yasin (April) International Academic Conference.
The model of an unequal world order belongs to the past, said Nikita Anisimov, HSE University Rector, in his welcome speech. Today, the world is witnessing the rapid development of countries across Asia, Africa and Latin America. A new Foreign Policy Concept has been recently approved in Russia; it states that only the united efforts of the entire international community based on the balance of forces and interests can provide an effective solution to the numerous problems of our time. This is what the BRICS union is striving for.
‘The BRICS theme is starting to resonate in a new way today. We see strengthening potential, with an increase in the international role of the association, which means the promotion of multipolarity, justice, and mutually beneficial dialogue based on equality. I am sure that our joint work will contribute to the development of our countries' economies. Our expanding dialogue fully meets the needs of regional and inter-regional economic integration, and the formation of a large Eurasian partnership,’ he stressed.
At the same time, the Rector noted that HSE University, as a leading research university in Russia, is extremely interested in interacting with partners from BRICS countries in various fields.
Today, BRICS has become an influential factor in modern international relations, said Sergey Ryabkov, Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, Russia's sherpa in BRICS. The association embodies the synergy between cultures and civilizations representing different regions of the planet, the cooperation of new centres of power in world politics, global economy and finance. BRICS is rightly perceived as one of the pillars of a more just world order, a guardian of genuine multilateralism based on respect for international law and the sovereign choice of countries’ own path for development.
‘The BRICS strategic partnership offers the world creative, unifying, forward-looking initiatives aimed at finding collective answers to the most pressing issues on the international agenda, including achieving sustainable development goals, ensuring food and energy security, promoting the post-pandemic recovery of the world economy, and combating climate change. Our countries have everything necessary for this. Together we represent more than 40% of the world's population, about 30% of the earth's landmass, and a third of the world's GDP at purchasing power parity. This is more than the G7,’ said the Deputy Minister.
He stressed that the pace of mutual trade between the countries in the association shows steady growth, despite the consequences of the pandemic and other obstacles. The BRICS countries are major producers and consumers of agricultural products and energy resources. BRICS accounts for over a third of the world's food supply, including more than 40% of global grain production, and there is potential to increase this further.
Pavel Knyazev, the Ambassador-at-Large of the Russian Foreign Ministry, Russia's Sous Sherpa to BRICS, stressed that BRICS activity is not directed against anyone, it has never been contra, but always only pro, which makes it both strong and attractive, something vividly confirmed in the current turbulent times. Cooperation between the countries of the association is not subject to pressure and restraint from a single centre, but is based on a sound balance of interests. By this logic, the practice of trading in national currencies develops between leading economic centres that do not agree to live under the dominance of one model, in which the dollar is used for unfair competition.
‘Recent events show that interest in trading in national currencies is growing, despite the pressure exerted on many countries in attempts to undermine cooperation within the framework of BRICS,’ he stressed. Knyazev adds that Russia is determined to develop cooperation with emerging markets, but the expansion should benefit BRICS and the Global South and in no way create obstacles for them.
Currently, more than ten countries have expressed interest in participating in the association. Iran, Argentina and Algeria have already received the official status of candidates for joining BRICS.
It is very important to remember that BRICS countries came together through the initiative of their own governments and their own peoples, and this is not someone's idea from the outside, reminded Victoria Panova, session moderator and HSE University Vice Rector. Unlike other countries, each of the BRICS countries is an independent sovereign state, and they have united on the basis of the principles of respect for international law and multiculturalism. She also invited scientists from the BRICS countries to jointly write a series of textbooks on topics relevant to the ‘Five’ in various fields.
The following experts also presented their reports at the session:
Anil Sooklal, South African Sherpa in BRICS, Rodrigo De Lima Baena Soares, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Federative Republic of Brazil to the Russian Federation, Nandan Unnikrishnan, Distinguished Fellow, Observer Research Foundation (India), Wang Wen, Executive Dean and Professor of Chongyang Institute for Financial Studies (RDCY), Deputy Dean of Silk Road School, Renmin University of China, and Rasigan Maharajh, Chief Director of the Institute for Economic Research on Innovation, Tshwane University of Technology (South Africa).
By Marina Polyakova
An international consortium of research organisations from China, India, and Russia, including HSE University’s Faculty of Urban and Regional Development represented by experts from the Vysokovsky Graduate School of Urban Studies and Planning and the Centre for Social Research and Technological Innovation (CITY), is developing an index of technological and spatial urban development (the Urban & Innovation Environment Index). Recently, a list of the top 10 largest cities of the BRICS countries was published on the project’s website. The Russian capital took the first place in the ranking, followed by Beijing, Shanghai, Sao Paulo, and Guangzhou.
At the Russia-Africa Forum held last week, HSE University’s International BRICS Competition Law and Policy Centre, in collaboration with the Federal Antimonopoly Service of Russia, organised a discussion on ‘The Fight against Anticompetitive Practices of Large TNCs, Cross-Border Cartel Combatting, and International Cooperation.’
Academic Council: HSE University’s Contribution to Achieving National Goals and Development Priorities to Increase
HSE University’s Development Programme until 2030 will be improved in order to increase the university’s contribution to achieving national goals and implementing the priorities of the country’s scientific and technological development. This decision was made by the university’s Academic Council on April 26. The meeting also addressed the principles for the development of HSE University’s external communications, one of which is the creation of a high-quality information field around the university.
Classical economic theory assumes that economic agents are entirely self-interested and rational in their pursuit of material well-being, and that they are not affected by external factors. As a result, externalities are not considered in any way when constructing economic models. Nevertheless, some sociologists argue for a revision of modern economic theory to incorporate the ethical dimensions of economic agents' behaviour. Kirill Borissov, Professor of the Faculty of Economics at the European University in St Petersburg, spoke at the XXIV Yasin (April) International Academic Conference and shared his observations from creating his own economic model incorporating the factor of envy.
Structural Transformation and Drivers of Sustainable Growth in Russian Economy Discussed at HSE University
The Russian economy has demonstrated high resilience to unprecedented external pressure and has managed to largely adapt to new conditions. As early as this year, it can go from recession to growth. The issue of where to find drivers and resources for this was discussed at a plenary session titled ‘Russian Economy under Sanctions: From Adaptation to Sustainable Growth’ at the XXIV Yasin (April) International Academic Conference held at HSE University as part of the Decade of Science and Technology. Minister of Economic Development of the Russian Federation Maksim Reshetnikov took part in the discussion.
Experts say that interest in news has sharply increased among the Russian audience. At the same time, part of the audience deliberately avoids it. What kind of content is in demand and will people continue to watch TV? These and other issues were discussed at the plenary session ‘ Info-hygiene and Information Elitism: How to Consume Media Properly’ at the XXIV Yasin (April) International Academic Conference.
Africa has the potential to become a new economic giant. Today, African countries are interested in comprehensive cooperation and strengthening their positions in the global arena, and they look forward to receiving assistance from Russia and China in developing their technology, economy, and social sphere. Effective engagement with Africa requires training a greater number of professional African studies specialists. The XXIV Yasin (April) International Academic Conference at HSE University featured a plenary session on 'Africa in a Changing World'.
Dementia, a debilitating form of cognitive impairment, can be preventable. According to Professor Jubin Abutalebi of the University Vita Salute San Raffaele, Italy, and the Arctic University of Tromsoe, Norway, the easiest way to prevent cognitive decline after the age of 60 is to learn and practice foreign languages – the more languages, the better, suggests Professor Abutalebi in his presentation 'Preventing dementia through bilingualism' at the XXIV Yasin (April) International Academic Conference.
Like any crisis, the sanctions of 2022, besides problems, have created new opportunities for Russian companies. This is the conclusion that HSE University’s experts have come to. Their study results are presented in the report ‘Adaptation of Russian Industrial Companies to Sanctions: First Steps and Expectations’, prepared by HSE University for the XXIV Yasin (April) International Academic Conference.
Experts have calculated that the number of international students in Russia has grown six times over the last decade, and researchers say that many of those who are studying today would like to stay in the country. This, alongside issues such as why Google Trends are worth looking into, were covered at the HSE XXIV Yasin International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development section on demography and labour markets.