‘Studying with Enthusiastic People Around is Fun’
In 2015 eight graduates from the HSE Faculty of Mathematics started PhD programmes at MIT, McGill, Caltech, Pennsylvania State University and other top universities. HSE 4th year student Dmitry Pirozhkov who has got a place at Columbia University talked to the HSE News Service about how to get onto a prestigious PhD programme and about his expectations and academic plans.
I’m mad about mathematics - it’s partly my mum’s fault (she’s an engineer and we had a lot of science and technology books, journals like ‘Kvant’ - Quantum and Nauka i zhizni - Science and Life at home) and my own curiosity. I went to a regular school in Orenburg, I had a good math teacher but apart from that, I was bored. I read quite a lot and tried to study advanced mathematics by myself. Towards the end of school I got friendly with a kid who was fanatical about computer programming and I kind of got interested in it too, probably because there was someone to talk to about it. Right up until I started my degree, I wasn’t sure whether I’d study math or programming, but in the end, mathematics won the day.
I had to choose between Mechanical Math at Moscow State, Novosibirsk State and HSE. I chose the Math Faculty at HSE because of the reputation and high level of activity of the professors. There wasn’t much information available about the faculty itself four years ago but I had heard of the teachers, Alexey Gorodentsev, Mikhail Verbitsky, Evgeny Smirnov and many others, mainly because they taught at the Independent University of Moscow [a small elite college for future research mathematicians].
The first years were hard going. I didn’t want to learn everything that we covered and I had to overcome my lack of desire to study . Later on it got easier because the programme allows you to chose your own topics. I started to read more fiction in my spare time. I particularly like sci-fi.
Why go abroad to study?
I’m sure there are places in Moscow to study math too, I considered the option of staying but I want to experiment a bit, meet other people and try something new.
It’s usual in Mathematics, at least in the USA, to go straight on to a PhD after you graduate. In Europe it’s less common which is why all my year group have applied for American universities. Sveta Makarova who got a place at MIT was considering going to Tokyo.
Columbia took me (two guys from our Math Faculty are studying there, by the way) although I applied to other places too. It is a very good university, it’s true, for my specialisation - algebraic geometry - and there aren’t that many specialists in it. But, for example Johan de Jong teaches there - the creator of the Stacks Project, a collaborative project of recording standard assertions from algebraic geometry with proofs.
It’s a big plus for a candidate when he can say, not only which area of the subject he wants to study at the faculty but also knows (not necessarily personally) the actual professor he wants to study with.
I like being in a community of people who are fanatical about their work, who care about what they do
The main difference between post grad and undergrad study is that you need to be more self-reliant and do more research. I think I’m ready for working independently - there are regular seminars at the Math Faculty conducted by students themselves , they get together without a professor and study things they are interested in. My class-mate Grisha Kondyrev for example organised a seminar like that when we were second-years. The seminar was on Fridays and lasted 6 hours from 5 to 11. Grisha invited people who were working on all kinds of different topics. It was the first regular student seminar in the Math Faculty.
Inspiration and complex problems
I’m inspired by the ideas of the French mathematician Alexander Grothendieck. He wrote that one shouldn’t concentrate on complex problems but seek out what can be said about an object, having examined it from all sides. This way he found answers to many complex problems which no one had been able to solve before him. He invented the apparatus of contemporary algebraic geometry. In his famous autobiographical work ‘Harvests and Sowings’ there’s a passage about how people usually try to solve a problem as though it’s a hard object you need to smash with a hammer, when it’s more effective to put it in water and wait until it opens by itself.
How to cope with life if you are very clever
There’s a stereotype that mathematicians are rather unworldly. When I started in the Math Faculty I think I was like that. My parents brought me to university on my first day. Until then, I hadn’t travelled much. But thanks to the many clever and more active students who were equally mad on math, I got better at handling life in the real world. They’ve created an atmosphere here where students can socialise, work together, learn something from each other and not just mathematics. And the teachers here are very approachable. We can ask them anything. Misha Verbitsky, for example is very open with the students, he’ll stop and chat in the corridor with anyone, everyone knows him, we are all on informal terms with him, and he’s always ready to give advice or explain something. He invites us to his seminar, recommends summer schools, gives us support when we need it.
Another thing that really helps with studying and socialising is going to summer schools. I’ve been to the traditional school of the Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics twice (once in Sebastopol and then in Dubno). I went to a school on classical and p-adic Hodge theory in France and to a winter school on hyperbolic dynamics in Brazil. There were a lot of Russian speakers there, by the way.
Why I want to be a Mathematician
I think that academic life is less about money and more about freedom to learn new things, do research, give lectures, help people. There isn’t so much routine work, you can always find something interesting for yourself in mathematics. I don’t think the mathematics profession is an elite, it’s more a community of people who are interested in something that others don’t care about.
I like being in a community of people who are fanatical about their work, who care about what they do. I would think it a success to be in that kind of atmosphere and be happy myself with my work. Of course I worry about the material side of things. I want to be able to live normally, but I think that a teaching post in a good Russian university or abroad would allow that.
Ludmilla Mezentseva, HSE News Service
43 projects from all over the country were awarded grants in Russia’s Eighth Mega-Grant Competition. HSE University’s application in support of the creation of a world-class laboratory in mathematics was among the winners. The academic supervisor of the new laboratory will be Professor Michael Shapiro of Michigan State University (USA).
Edmond W.H. Lee, a full professor at the Department of Mathematics, Nova Southeastern University, USA, has recently defended his Doctor of Sciences (DSc) thesis at the Dissertation Council in Mathematics, HSE University. The DSc in Russia is a higher doctoral degree that can be earned after the PhD. Professor Lee’s defence was held over Zoom, with the candidate and his dissertation committee members participating remotely from 5 cities in Brazil, Israel, Russia, and the USA. Lee became the first international recipient of a DSc degree in Mathematics from HSE University.
In an interview, Sania Pushkar, a member of the first graduating class of the Faculty of Mathematics, talks about why she loves math, what she’s up to now, and what she’ll remember most about studying in the Faculty of Mathematics at HSE University.
Mathematicians of the Higher School of Economics have calculated the effectiveness of measures taken to fight the coronavirus epidemic in different countries. They have concluded that the scale of anti-epidemic measures does not necessarily directly affect the disease rate, suggesting that one of the main reasons for this is the willingness of citizens to clearly, honestly and consistently comply with anti-epidemic measures.
Ninety six university teams from all over the world participated in the main mathematics competition of the year. Typically, IMC takes place in Blagoevgrad (Bulgaria), but this year it was decided to hold the competition online due to the pandemic.
Marking Mikhail Sholokhov's 115th anniversary (1905-1984), linguists Boris Orekhov of the HSE and Natalya Velikanova of the Moscow State University confirmed his authorship of the epic novel about the Don Cossacks. The researchers were able to attribute the novel using the text distance measure proposed by John Burrows. Termed Burrows' Delta, it provides a simple and reliable method of attributing or confirming the authorship of various texts.
Alexander Efimov, a research fellow at the International Laboratory for Mirror Symmetry and Automorphic Forms of HSE University, has been awarded the European Mathematical Society’s prestigious Prize.
Egor Borsuk from the HSE International Centre of Decision Choice and Analysis has developed a software that can resolve international territory disputes. He has tested the programme on the disputed Arctic region. The researcher spoke about his innovation at the 21st April International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development and in an interview for IQ.HSE.
Is it difficult to enroll in a university abroad? Where do Russian students go wrong when they start an overseas training programme? Will artificial intelligence eventually replace humans in the domain of Finance? We talked to Dr. Georgy Chabakauri of The London School of Economics and ICEF International Academic Committee to get answers to these and many other questions.