HSE University Participates in Satellite Navigation Monitoring Project
A team of HSE students is taking part in the development of a Russian satellite automatic identification system (AIS) to monitor sea navigation. The aim of the project is to track the locations of vessels and adjust their routes, including in the Arctic along the Northern Sea Route.
The system is based on the Russian CubeSat 3U platform designed by the SPUTNIX company, a nano-satellite 30 х 10 х 10 cm size. The satellite carries AIS hardware and software to collect navigation data from vessels.
SPUTNIX is a Russian private business (part of the Sitronics Group). The company manufactures high-tech satellite components and platforms for small spacecraft, ground equipment for testing small spacecraft, Earth communication stations, and aerospace training equipment.
The spacecraft transmits the collected data to a station on Earth for processing. The satellite is set to launch in 2022, and once in orbit, it will be controlled by the HSE and SPUTNIX mission control centres..
This is not the first time that HSE University has worked with spacecraft. The CubeSX-HSE and CubeSX-Sirius-HSE satellites were launched in 2021 and are currently in operation. HSE University plans to open a Master's programme in Information Systems and Technologies to offer students training in space technologies from space industry practitioners and experts.
‘We can apply a comprehensive approach in the field of space technologies to various academic programmes at HSE MIEM. The orders placed by our partner companies in this field allow our institute to continue advancing research and development and a project-based learning model. This gives student project teams an opportunity to participate in the development of systems and services for joint space missions with various kinds of tasks utilising the CubeSat spacecraft,’ said Professor Andrey Abrameshin, Deputy Director of MIEM HSE.
‘Projects to create low-orbit constellations of CubeSat microsatellites provide a wide range of effective solutions: they can establish space communications, facilitate near-Earth space exploration, prevent natural disasters and mitigate their consequences. Our partnership with HSE University will make it possible to develop and implement a Russian continuous satellite monitoring system, including monitoring of navigation in the Arctic. We are glad that our space technology solutions contribute to the digital transformation of education, providing early career researchers with new opportunities for discoveries,’ said SPUTNIX CEO Vladislav Ivanenko.
This mission has been implemented as part of the Space π programme with financial support from the Foundation for Assistance to Innovations as part of the Planet Guard (Dezhurny po planete) Competition.
Only one year ago, the first HSE University satellite, developed by specialists and students from the Laboratory of Space Vehicles and Systems’ Functional Safety of the HSE Tikhonov Moscow Institute of Electronics and Mathematics (MIEM HSE) and the Sputnix space company, was launched into orbit. And now, the date of the second HSE University’s satellite launch has been announced: Roscosmos will send it into space from Baikonur Cosmodrome on August 9th, 2022.
A year ago, on March 22, 2021, at 9:07 Moscow time, a Soyuz-2.1a rocket with a Fregat upper stage was successfully launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome Site 31. The launch vehicle carried 38 satellites, including the CubeSX-HSE satellite developed through the joint efforts of experts and students from the HSE University Laboratory of Space Vehicles and Systems’ Functional Safety of the HSE Tikhonov Moscow Institute of Electronics and Mathematics (HSE MIEM) and Sputnix, a privately-owned space company.
A team of Russian researchers from HSE University, the Russian Space Research Institute, and the Pushkov Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism (Russian Academy of Sciences) has described the development of modulational instability of electromagnetic waves in dusty ionospheric plasma, which is caused by a high intensity of electromagnetic emissions. The researchers considered inelastic collisions of ionospheric plasma particles and formulated new tasks and applications to be addressed at a later stage. The results are published in the Physics of Plasmas journal.
On Cosmonautics Day, the HSE News Service spoke with the participants of the CubSX-HSE project, which recently launched a satellite into Earth orbit. Students and staff from the HSE Moscow Institute of Electronics and Mathematics (MIEM) spoke about their project and impressions of their trip to Baikonur.
On March 22 at 9:07 Moscow time, a Soyuz-2.1a rocket with a Fregat upper stage was successfully launched. The launch vehicle carried a total of 38 satellites from 18 countries into sun-synchronous orbits, including HSE University’s CubeSX-HSE satellite, which will conduct remote sensing of the Earth.
During the ‘Big Challenges’ session at the Sirius Educational Centre, five high school students, under the supervision of mentors from MIEM HSE, assembled a small artificial earth satellite. The participants of the research session were young finalists of a nationwide competition held by the educational centre. All five of the students are Olympiad champions and team members of large-scale projects.
The results of recent study conducted by the NASA Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, the agency’s automatic interplanetary station, show the existence of a ‘permafrost’ near the poles of the Moon with a relatively high content of water ice (up to 5% by weight). It is believed that water ice could supply a life support system for the future Russian Lunar Station and that it could also produce hydrogen-oxygen fuel for flights into deep space.
Researchers from the Higher School of Economics and Space Research Institute (Russia) have calculated the main parameters that determine space weather close to the nearest Earth-like exoplanet, Proxima Centauri b. Such parameters include solar wind, as well as galactic and solar cosmic rays. The results of the research were published in Astronomy Letters.
The big scanning antenna at the Pushchino Radio Astronomy Observatory logs almost 90 GB of data every day. The data are usually processed by the astronomers manually. Vladimir Samodurov and Alexander Gorbunov, researchers at the HSE Faculty of Business and Management, decided to relieve the scholars from this hard work and give this job to neural networks. They shared the results of their work in the paper ‘Perspectives of intellectual processing of large volumes of astronomical data using neural networks’.
Researchers from the Laboratory of Methods for Big Data Analysis (LAMBDA) at the Higher School of Economics have improved their way of analyzing ultra-high energy cosmic rays (UHECR) with the use of mobile phones. The work has been carried out as part of the CRAYFIS experiment and the results were presented at the 22nd International Conference on Computing in High Energy and Nuclear Physics.