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Theory of the First Foreign Language - 1 (Phonetics and Lexicology)

2019/2020
Учебный год
ENG
Обучение ведется на английском языке
3
Кредиты
Статус:
Курс по выбору
Когда читается:
3-й курс, 1-4 модуль

Преподаватели

Course Syllabus

Abstract

The main objective of the course is to introduce students to the basic knowledge on English Lexicology, to obtain theoretical knowledge of the subject and be able to put the knowledge into practice. The course might prove to be greatly useful for linguists of different specialisations, namely future teachers, translators and interpreters and cross-cultural communication specialists, to provide students with basic information on the main subjects of English Lexicology – meaning, types of meaning, motivation and its types, lexicology and lexicography, types of dictionaries, etc. The principal objectives of the course of "Theoretical Phonetics" are to provide students with basic theoretical knowledge in the field of English phonetics and phonology; to develop students' foreign language communicative competencies, including linguistic, sociolinguistic and phonetic competencies; to teach students to comment on research articles related to the issues of theoretical phonetics and to put their knowledge into practice.
Learning Objectives

Learning Objectives

  • To provide students with basic theoretical knowledge in the field of English phonetics and phonology
  • To develop students' foreign language communicative competencies, including linguistic, sociolinguistic and phonetic competencies
  • To teach students to comment on research articles related to the issues of theoretical phonetics and to put their knowledge into practice
  • To inform students with the research view of the English vocabulary as a system, both synchronically and diachronically
Expected Learning Outcomes

Expected Learning Outcomes

  • To know about Phonetics as a branch of Linguistics, its subject matter, methods of analysis, its divisions.
  • To know the definition of a phoneme and its three aspects
  • To know methods of phonological analysis and can apply them
  • To know the basic principles of English consonants and vowels classifications
  • Can distinguish between phonetic and phonological mistakes
  • Can comment and critically assess a research article on the topic "The Conception of the Phoneme in our country and Abroad"
  • To Know about the syllabic structure of English words, its functions
  • Can comment and critically assess a research article on the topic "The Syllabic Structure of English Words"
  • To know about types and degrees of word stress, its functions
  • Can comment and critically assess a research article on the topic "Word Stress, its Types and Functions"
  • To know about the system of English intonation, its components and functions, its relationship with lexical and grammatical units and non-verbal means of communication
  • Can define English rhythm, describe its functions
  • Can comment and critically assess a research article on the topic "The System of Intonation of the English Language"
  • To know about the subject of Phonostylistics
  • Can describe extralinguistic factors, determining the stylistic variations of speech
  • To know the basic principles of the classification of phonetic styles
  • Can comment and critically assess a research article on the topic "Phonostylistic Variations of English Pronunciation"
  • To know about the English language status in modern world, the role of phonetic means in intercultural communication
  • To know main tendencies in English pronunciation
  • To know basic pronunciation peculiarities of English dialects
  • Can comment and critically assess a research article on the topic "Social Varieties of English Pronunciation"
  • To know basic information on the subject of English Lexicology, the two basic approaches (synchronic and diachronic), connections with other branches of linguistics
  • To know basic information on the basic and main unit of English Lexicology – word, its major features, semantic unity, indivisibility and positional mobility
  • To know basic information on the meaning and its types, the three main approaches to the meaning, “inner form” of the word
  • To know basic information on polysemy, its types and roots, lexico-semantic variants, homonymy, its classification, paronyms, the sources of polysemy and homonymy
  • To know basic information on synonyms, their classification, antonyms, their classification, he relations on which they are based
  • To know basic information on the morpheme as the major unit of the word-structure, different way of word formation
  • To know basic information on words groups, their different types and classifications, the difference between free, semi-free word groups and idioms
  • To know basic information on the origins of English vocabulary, the difference between native words and loan words, the levels of assimilation and the contents of modern English vocabulary
  • To know basic information on various variants of the English language, how to compare them and contrast in terms of word stock
  • To know basic information on methods of research into vocabulary, types of vocabulary, criteria for creating a vocabulary
Course Contents

Course Contents

  • Phonetics as a Branch of Linguistics
    Phonetics as a branch of Linguistics, its subject matter, methods of analysis, its divisions.
  • Segmental Phonemes of the English Language
    Phoneme and its three aspects; methods of phonological analysis; basic principles of English consonants and vowels classifications; phonetic and phonological mistakes.
  • The Syllabic Structure of English Words
    Syllabic structure of English words, its functions.
  • Word Stress
    Types and degrees of word stress, its functions.
  • The System of Intonation of the English Language
    System of English intonation, its components and functions, its relationship with lexical and grammatical units and non-verbal means of communication; English rhythm, describe its functions.
  • Phonostylistics as a Branch of Phonetics
    Subject of Phonostylistics, extralinguistic factors, determining the stylistic variations of speech; basic principles of the classification of phonetic styles.
  • Social Varieties of English Pronunciation
    The English language status in modern world, the role of phonetic means in intercultural communication; main tendencies in English pronunciation, basic pronunciation peculiarities of English dialects.
  • Topic 1. Lexicology as a branch of linguistics
    English lexicology: what does it study? Main and subordinate aims of English lexicology. Theoretical and practical value of lexicology. Links between lexicology with other branches of linguistics and domains of knowledge outside the field of linguistics.
  • Topic 2. Word as one of the basic units of languages
    Word as one of the basic units of languages. Theories of the word. Defining the word. Features of the word as a two-facet unit: semantic unity; formal unity / indivisibility; positional mobility.
  • Topic 3. Semasiology, or semantics
    Approaches to word meaning. Referential approach. Functional approach. Operational approach. Motivation and “inner form” of the word. Types of motivation.
  • Topic 4. Polysem
    Lexico-semantic variants of polysemantic words. Homonymy. Classifications of homonyms. Paronyms. Polysemy vs homonymy. Sources of polysemy and homonymy.
  • Topic 5. Semantic relations within the English vocabulary. Synonyms
    Semantic relations within the English vocabulary. Synonyms. Classification of synonyms. Antonyms. Classification of antonyms
  • Topic 6. Word-structure
    Morpheme as the basic unit of the word structure. Word-structure and word formation. Ways of word formation: affixation; conversion; compounding; shortening; back formation; stress interchange; sound interchange; sound imitation.
  • Topic 7. Word groups
    Free and semi-free word groups. Idioms. Classifications of idioms. Proverbs, sayings, and familiar quotations.
  • Topic 8. Etymological survey of the English word stock
    Native words vs loan words. International words.
  • Topic 9. Varieties of English
    Varieties of English. Comparison and contrast of the British English and American English word stocks
  • Topic 10. Lexicography
    Methods of research into vocabulary. Lexicography. Types of vocabularies. Criteria for creating a vocabulary.
Assessment Elements

Assessment Elements

  • non-blocking Seminar activity
  • non-blocking Practical tasks (unsupervised work)
  • non-blocking Group mini-projects
    Time limit: 15 minutes. Maximal number of students participating: 5. Each student has a chance to participate in one group mini-project (max 20 points).
  • non-blocking Commenting on a research article
  • non-blocking Final Examination
    All the assessment tasks are supposed to be done in class, none of them can be retaken. Only examination can be retaken. If a student has the arithmetic average final grade 8, 9 or 10 for all the 4 types of assessment tasks (excluding the exam) the course instructor can give him/her an automatical grade for the course.
  • non-blocking Continuous assessment
    The student is given up to 10 minutes to write several definitions for the terms on the given topic. Also the student can be asked questions on the theoretical material on the given topic/
  • non-blocking Tests
  • non-blocking In-class activities
    Classwork features pair- and groupwork, valid contributions to problem solving activities and discussions, and writing quizzes.
  • non-blocking Final Exam
    Экзамен проводится в устной форме (ответ на теоретический вопрос) с использованием асинхронного прокторинга. Экзамен проводится на платформе Zoom (https://zoom.us/), прокторинг на платформе Экзамус (https://hse.student.examus.net). К экзамену необходимо подключиться за 15 минут. На платформе Экзамус доступно тестирование системы. Компьютер студента должен удовлетворять следующим требованиям: https://elearning.hse.ru/data/2020/05/07/1544135594/Технические%20требования%20к%20ПК%20студента.pdf) Для участия в экзамене студент обязан: заранее зайти на платформу прокторинга, провести тест системы, включить камеру и микрофон, подтвердить личность. Во время экзамена студентам запрещено: общаться (в социальных сетях, с людьми в комнате), списывать, пользоваться литературой и конспектами курса. Во время экзамена студентам разрешено: пользоваться собственными письменными конспектами, написанными во время подготовки к ответу. Кратковременным нарушением связи во время экзамена считается прерывание связи до 10 минут. Долговременным нарушением связи во время экзамена считается прерывание связи 10 минут и более. При долговременном нарушении связи студент не может продолжить участие в экзамене. Процедура пересдачи аналогична процедуре сдачи.
Interim Assessment

Interim Assessment

  • Interim assessment (2 module)
    0.2 * Commenting on a research article + 0.2 * Final Examination + 0.2 * Group mini-projects + 0.2 * Practical tasks (unsupervised work) + 0.2 * Seminar activity
  • Interim assessment (4 module)
    0.1 * Continuous assessment + 0.2 * Final Exam + 0.1 * In-class activities + 0.5 * Interim assessment (2 module) + 0.1 * Tests