First Enrollment at HSE Faculty of Physics
This year the first enrollment was held at HSE Faculty of Physics: since September 26 bachelor’s and 14 master’s students will start their studies at the faculty. They received student ID cards as well as promises to study in creative atmosphere with assistance.
The faculty is based on the system developed by Lev Landau and Pyotr Kapitsam who stated that future scholars need to do experiments themselves to see the way the laws of physics were created and to understand the process of law discovering. Alexander Kuntsevich, Senior Research Fellow at the Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, spoke about the importance of experimental research to future students:
‘Laboratory workshops in first institutes of physics and technology were different, previously students not only participated in an experiment, but they also assembled devices, it was really interesting. And now we are actually back to basics. That’s how we should teach the students. We believe that physicists are unique, and teaching methods should not be widespread’.
Mikhail Trunin, Dean of the Faculty, confirmed this notion: the ability to not only calculate, but also competently carry out experiments is important for understanding any field of physics. That’s the only way a student can become a true researcher who is able to think on his/her own and make decisions.
Students won’t need to assemble devices, but they will be able to upgrade the available equipment at their discretion. Laboratory workshops will give students an opportunity to choose the direction of the experiment. The lecture programme will be up-to-date, reflecting recent trends in physics, showing that it’s a dynamic and rapidly developing science. The teachers expect that this approach with a small number of people will help to educate students interested in continuing their studies. Moreover, the lecturers will pay special attention to the first enrollment at the faculty.
Six joint departments with academic institutions will work at the faculty: the Russian Space Research Institute, Kapitza Insitute for Physical Problems, Institute for Spectroscopy RAS, Institute of Solid State Physics, Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics, and Prokhorov General Physics Institute. After a course of general physics bachelors will choose the track they wish to specialize in. Master’s students will be engaged in research led by the scholars from September 1.
LHCb (Large Hadron Collider beauty) collaboration, one of the LHC (Large Hadron Collider) experiments, reported that their detector has identified particles that have not previously been detected in physics experimentally – excited omega baryons (Ω-b). Just several years ago, detecting such particles in LHC was believed to be next to impossible. Among proton particles, the excited ‘charmed omegas’ were preselected by an algorithm created by staff from the HSE Laboratory of Methods for Big Data Analysis and Yandex LLC. IQ.HSE talked to Denis Derkach and Fedor Ratnikov about their collaboration’s ‘fresh catch’ and about the point of ‘fishing’ on LHCb in general.
Alexey Starobinsky, a professor of physics at HSE University and a fellow at the Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics at the Russian Academy of Science, has been awarded the Dirac Medal of the ICTP, a prestigious prize awarded annually by the Abdus Salam International Center for Theoretical Physics. HSE News Service spoke with the laureate about his path to international recognition, his students, and the award.
Students in the Faculty of Physics, one of the newest departments at HSE, will find a homey atmosphere, understanding teachers, and the opportunity to engage in science from the first year of studies. Physics students Arslan Galiullin (2nd year) and Sofia Lopatina (1st year) will be our guides for this instalment of the Open House project.
The HSE University competition committee has announced the winners of an international competition for new physics laboratory proposals. Two proposed projects were selected: the Laboratory of van der Waals Heterostructures, headed by Davit Ghazaryan, and the Laboratory of Nanophotonics and Functional Materials, headed by Andrey Krasavin.
A team of researchers from Germany and Russia have demonstrated that long contraction of muscles in one hand increases involuntary reaction of the other one. Meanwhile, the time between muscle contractions in both hands decreases. The results of the study have been published in the paper ‘Inverse relationshipbetween amplitude and latency of physiological mirror activity during repetitive isometric contractions’ in Neuroscience.
The results of recent study conducted by the NASA Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, the agency’s automatic interplanetary station, show the existence of a ‘permafrost’ near the poles of the Moon with a relatively high content of water ice (up to 5% by weight). It is believed that water ice could supply a life support system for the future Russian Lunar Station and that it could also produce hydrogen-oxygen fuel for flights into deep space.
At the general meeting of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), held on April 23, research by Alexander Kostinskiy, Vladimir Rakov and Mikhail Andreev conducted in collaboration with their colleagues from academic institutes on the modeling and development of lightning was acknowledged as one of the most significant Russian scientific achievement in 2018.
Researchers from HSE University and Yandex, as part of the LHCb collaboration at CERN, have been the first to discover CP violation in charm meson decays.
Scientists from HSE University and Yandex have developed a method that accelerates the simulation of processes at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The research findings were published in Nuclear Instruments and Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment.
Physicists from the Higher School of Economics and Space Research Institute have identified a mechanism explaining the appearance of two dusty plasma clouds resulting from a meteoroid that impacted the surface of the Moon. The study was published in JETP Letters.