First Enrollment at HSE Faculty of Physics
This year the first enrollment was held at HSE Faculty of Physics: since September 26 bachelor’s and 14 master’s students will start their studies at the faculty. They received student ID cards as well as promises to study in creative atmosphere with assistance.
The faculty is based on the system developed by Lev Landau and Pyotr Kapitsam who stated that future scholars need to do experiments themselves to see the way the laws of physics were created and to understand the process of law discovering. Alexander Kuntsevich, Senior Research Fellow at the Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, spoke about the importance of experimental research to future students:
‘Laboratory workshops in first institutes of physics and technology were different, previously students not only participated in an experiment, but they also assembled devices, it was really interesting. And now we are actually back to basics. That’s how we should teach the students. We believe that physicists are unique, and teaching methods should not be widespread’.
Mikhail Trunin, Dean of the Faculty, confirmed this notion: the ability to not only calculate, but also competently carry out experiments is important for understanding any field of physics. That’s the only way a student can become a true researcher who is able to think on his/her own and make decisions.
Students won’t need to assemble devices, but they will be able to upgrade the available equipment at their discretion. Laboratory workshops will give students an opportunity to choose the direction of the experiment. The lecture programme will be up-to-date, reflecting recent trends in physics, showing that it’s a dynamic and rapidly developing science. The teachers expect that this approach with a small number of people will help to educate students interested in continuing their studies. Moreover, the lecturers will pay special attention to the first enrollment at the faculty.
Six joint departments with academic institutions will work at the faculty: the Russian Space Research Institute, Kapitza Insitute for Physical Problems, Institute for Spectroscopy RAS, Institute of Solid State Physics, Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics, and Prokhorov General Physics Institute. After a course of general physics bachelors will choose the track they wish to specialize in. Master’s students will be engaged in research led by the scholars from September 1.
The results of recent study conducted by the NASA Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, the agency’s automatic interplanetary station, show the existence of a ‘permafrost’ near the poles of the Moon with a relatively high content of water ice (up to 5% by weight). It is believed that water ice could supply a life support system for the future Russian Lunar Station and that it could also produce hydrogen-oxygen fuel for flights into deep space.
At the general meeting of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), held on April 23, research by Alexander Kostinskiy, Vladimir Rakov and Mikhail Andreev conducted in collaboration with their colleagues from academic institutes on the modeling and development of lightning was acknowledged as one of the most significant Russian scientific achievement in 2018.
Researchers from HSE University and Yandex, as part of the LHCb collaboration at CERN, have been the first to discover CP violation in charm meson decays.
Scientists from HSE University and Yandex have developed a method that accelerates the simulation of processes at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The research findings were published in Nuclear Instruments and Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment.
Physicists from the Higher School of Economics and Space Research Institute have identified a mechanism explaining the appearance of two dusty plasma clouds resulting from a meteoroid that impacted the surface of the Moon. The study was published in JETP Letters.
HSE University is pleased to announce an international competition for experimental research laboratories in such breakthrough fields of contemporary physics as Quantum Technologies and Novel Functional Materials. The winners will have a chance to head and develop new research laboratories based out of the HSE Faculty of Physics.
Natalia Lyskova is spending her 2nd year as a postdoc at HSE Faculty of Physics working in a Joint Department of Space Physics with the Space Research Institute at the Russian Academy of Sciences. The HSE Look talked to her about the ongoing research and upcoming plans.
Students in the Faculty of Physics Take Third Place at All-Russian Student Olympiad in Theoretical Mechanics
They took third place in team competitions and received II and III level certificates in the personal competition. The Olympiad was held in Kazan, with 106 students from 30 Russian university teams taking part in individual and team competitions (theoretical and computer).
An international group of researchers (the first author is Nikita Kalinin, HSE Saint-Petersburg, the last author is Ernesto Lupercio, CINVESTAV, Mexico) has presented the first continuous model describing self-organised criticality. The proposed solution is simpler and more universal than the classical sandpile model: it integrates areas as remote from one another as economics, developmental biology and gravity in the context of tropical geometry. The paper was published in PNAS.
Researchers from the Higher School of Economics and Space Research Institute (Russia) have calculated the main parameters that determine space weather close to the nearest Earth-like exoplanet, Proxima Centauri b. Such parameters include solar wind, as well as galactic and solar cosmic rays. The results of the research were published in Astronomy Letters.