Alexei Starobinsky, Professor in Faculty of Physics, Elected Foreign Associate at U.S. National Academy of Sciences
Alexei Starobinsky, Professor in the HSE Faculty of Physics, has been elected Foreign Associate at the U.S. National Academy of Sciences. Previously, he has served as an elected member of the National Academy of Sciences of Germany (Leopoldina), the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, and two Indian academies – the Indian National Science Academy (New Delhi) and the National Academy of Sciences (Allahabad).
Professor Starobinsky’s research interests include classical and quantum theories of gravity, cosmology, and relativistic astrophysics. He authored the first books on the inflation theory (1979, 1980), which is the leading cosmology theory today and describes the early universe before the Hot Big Bang stage. Together with Andrei Linde and Alan Guth, he is considered a founder of this theory; for their achievement, in 2014, they were jointly awarded the Kavli Prize, a leading international award in astrophysics. He is also the recipient of one of the most prestigious awards in cosmology, the Gruber Prize in Cosmology (2013), as well as several other medals and awards, including the Andrei Sakharov golden medal awarded by the Russian Academy of Sciences (2016).
Professor Starobinsky’s scholarly achievements also include the calculation of the number of created particles and the average tensor in momentum energy of quantum fields in homogeneous anisotropic cosmological models (1971, co-authored with Y.B. Zeldovich). He developed the hypothesis suggested by Zeldovich in 1971 and proved that rotating black holes must generate and radiate particles (1973), which was a precursor of Stephen Hawking’s theory that all black holes, not only rotating ones, radiate particles (1974). Together with Y.N, Pariiski et al, Professor Starobinsky also discovered angular fluctuations of the temperature of cosmic microwave background radiation using a RATAN-600 radio telescope (1992).
Alexei Starobinsky is Chief Research Fellow at the RAS Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics and a member of the editorial board at ten leading academic journals in the areas of his research interests.
The U.S. National Academy of Sciences is the most authoritative public academic organization in the United States. It was founded in 1863 by the U.S. Congress, and its founding act was signed by President Abraham Lincoln. The academy aims to serve as an expert community that helps the country and the public in the most complicated issues related to science. Academy members work on a pro bono basis.
Today, the U.S. National Academy of Sciences counts about 2,350 members and over 450 foreign associates. Approximately 200 Nobel Prize laureates serve as members. New members are elected for life by current members in a ballot vote. Being elected as a foreign associate of the Academy is one of the most significant acknowledgements of a person’s input on global science.
Alexey Starobinsky, a professor of physics at HSE University and a fellow at the Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics at the Russian Academy of Science, has been awarded the Dirac Medal of the ICTP, a prestigious prize awarded annually by the Abdus Salam International Center for Theoretical Physics. HSE News Service spoke with the laureate about his path to international recognition, his students, and the award.
Students in the Faculty of Physics, one of the newest departments at HSE, will find a homey atmosphere, understanding teachers, and the opportunity to engage in science from the first year of studies. Physics students Arslan Galiullin (2nd year) and Sofia Lopatina (1st year) will be our guides for this instalment of the Open House project.
The HSE University competition committee has announced the winners of an international competition for new physics laboratory proposals. Two proposed projects were selected: the Laboratory of van der Waals Heterostructures, headed by Davit Ghazaryan, and the Laboratory of Nanophotonics and Functional Materials, headed by Andrey Krasavin.
A team of researchers from Germany and Russia have demonstrated that long contraction of muscles in one hand increases involuntary reaction of the other one. Meanwhile, the time between muscle contractions in both hands decreases. The results of the study have been published in the paper ‘Inverse relationshipbetween amplitude and latency of physiological mirror activity during repetitive isometric contractions’ in Neuroscience.
The results of recent study conducted by the NASA Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, the agency’s automatic interplanetary station, show the existence of a ‘permafrost’ near the poles of the Moon with a relatively high content of water ice (up to 5% by weight). It is believed that water ice could supply a life support system for the future Russian Lunar Station and that it could also produce hydrogen-oxygen fuel for flights into deep space.
At the general meeting of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), held on April 23, research by Alexander Kostinskiy, Vladimir Rakov and Mikhail Andreev conducted in collaboration with their colleagues from academic institutes on the modeling and development of lightning was acknowledged as one of the most significant Russian scientific achievement in 2018.
Researchers from HSE University and Yandex, as part of the LHCb collaboration at CERN, have been the first to discover CP violation in charm meson decays.
Scientists from HSE University and Yandex have developed a method that accelerates the simulation of processes at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The research findings were published in Nuclear Instruments and Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment.
Physicists from the Higher School of Economics and Space Research Institute have identified a mechanism explaining the appearance of two dusty plasma clouds resulting from a meteoroid that impacted the surface of the Moon. The study was published in JETP Letters.
HSE University is pleased to announce an international competition for experimental research laboratories in such breakthrough fields of contemporary physics as Quantum Technologies and Novel Functional Materials. The winners will have a chance to head and develop new research laboratories based out of the HSE Faculty of Physics.