The Pandemic Requires Breakthrough Solutions from Us
From April 13th to 30t, HSE University is hosting the XXII April International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development, one of the most important annual events in Russian humanities. Profile journal has talked to Lev Jakobson, co-chair of the conference organising committee and vice president of HSE University, about the challenges that researchers face today.
What sets the April conference apart from other academic conferences?
We try to take the best of two formats — the academic conference and the public forum. The first format involves the kind of careful preparation used in the international scholarly sphere. At least six months before the event, we collect applications for presentations based on research findings. Experts review the applications and select the best papers, which are drafts of articles in internationally recognised journals. This year, for example, we received almost 1,200 applications and selected 634 for presentations.
And from the forum format, we take a topical agenda and invite prominent figures — government officials, leaders in business and civil society— to discuss this agenda. Moreover, the discussions are based on scholarly and analytical reports lodged in advance. HSE University prepares them for several months before the conference; they contain a large number of figures and specifics. Members of the government acquaint themselves with these materials, and this seems to us to lead to a deeper engagement with the topics under consideration.
The result is a pyramid, with basic research at its base, applied research built on that, and concrete recommendations developed in discussions between politicians and businesspeople at the top. This is a peculiarity of the HSE April Conference compared to purely academic events.
What topics will be discussed this time?
The conference is multidisciplinary. We try to choose topics that are at the forefront of research. There are 24 thematic sections in different fields of the social sciences, all related to each other.
These sections, which are listed on the conference website conf.hse.ru, constitute tracks of sorts, within which a number of thematic events take place. There are monodisciplinary economic sections, such as theoretical economics or the methodology of economic thought. There are also sections on sociology, which is important for us because HSE University is highly ranked in the ratings of universities that are strong in sociology.
But there are also interdisciplinary, practical sections, where papers are structured not by their field, but by issues of concern to society. For example, social policy: sociologists, economists, and legal experts participate here. What will happen to the Russian pension system, how will the healthcare system change, how should human capital be implemented, and so on: many such discussions are planned, where representatives of different disciplines will have their say.
This is also our strength, as most academic conferences are known for their monodisciplinary approach. It is clear why this is the case: it makes it easier for the people who gather at them to understand each other. But often breakthroughs are made at the intersection of fields.
Many of the paper titles in the programme include the words 'crisis' and 'pandemic'. Can we say that overcoming the corona crisis will be the theme of the conference?
To a certain extent, yes. The world is now reflecting on what has happened since the beginning of 2020 and continues to happen. These fundamental changes are mirrored in the content of academic reports in various fields, as the pandemic has impacted all aspects of life. There is a process of developing new approaches and raising old questions differently.
As history shows, such adverse events serve as challenges, in response to which breakthrough solutions in the economy and public life are developed. This is exactly what is happening now. Of course, there are no ready-made recipes yet, but the scientific discussions that are now taking place around the world are gradually shaping them. We hope that our conference will play its part.
Burgeoning digital technology also occupies a significant place in the programme...
Yes, it does. It is important to analyse what digitalisation is and what its consequences will be in a wide range of areas, from the impact on economic processes to the impact on privacy in the world of social media. What to do about online privacy, how to curb cybercrime and so on are all lively topics that are of interest, not only to researchers but also to the general public. Of course, we could not avoid them. In particular, the HSE and Sberbank discussion club integrated into the conference is devoted to digitalisation issues. Its sessions were jointly prepared by our experts and the bank's top managers.
In addition to HSE’s cooperation with Sberbank, a large number of speakers from the US and Europe have been announced. Do current sanctions interfere with global cooperation?
I’ll be honest — we are keen to strengthen the international position of the conference. We traditionally hold it together with the World Bank. This is quite a working partnership: foreign professors teach at HSE University, and not only part-time, but also full-time. When the conference was created in 2000, its initiator Evgeny Yasin set the task, very difficult at the time, to integrate HSE University into the international academic world. It is safe to say that we have achieved this.
Of course, it has now become more difficult to maintain contact with the West because of the current state of international relations. But we and our partners are not giving up on communication either. The fruitfulness of research is at the top of the agenda.
At the same time, over the years we have amassed more muscle, if one can say this about research work. And now we ourselves have become a point of attraction for researchers from the former Soviet Union. Of course, we are by no means positioning ourselves as a ‘big brother’; we interact as equals. But, as experience shows, we can teach our colleagues something, we can learn something, and most importantly, we are able to unite.
For example, one of the roundtables at the conference will focus on the development processes of the Eurasian Economic Community. It will be attended by experts from EAEU countries, working closely with their governments. This lends a special weight to the academic work. By listening to and discussing reports, we are helping to bring real convergence on issues that are of mutual interest but often remain contentious.
© Russian text by Andrey Sokolov, Profile
The XXII April International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development is drawing to a close in Moscow. In an interview with the media partner of the event, NEWS.ru, HSE University Vice Rector Ivan Prostakov spoke about how the format of the conference was organized, how the pandemic impacted the event, and how scientists and experts from different countries regard Russia.
To what extent do the countries of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) benefit from an open economy? What financial, scientific, and educational policy tools will contribute to the implementation of the recently approved ‘Strategic Directions for the Development of Eurasian Economic integration until 2025’? These questions were discussed by participants in a series of expert discussions at the XXII April International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development organised by HSE University and Sberbank.
In order to remain competitive in the labour market, university graduates must be proficient not only in professional knowledge and skills, but also in a set of universal competences (UC). However, higher education systems face problems in assessing such competences due to a lack of developed approaches and methodologies. A report released by the HSE Institute of Education, ‘An Assessment of Universal Competences as Higher Education Learning Outcomes’, analyses the ways in which these challenges have been addressed in both Russia and abroad.
Artificial Intelligence (AI) has become a fundamental component of many activities in economics and finance in recent years. On April 26,Panos Pardalos, Academic Supervisor at theLaboratory of Algorithms and Technologies for Networks Analysis (LATNA at HSE Nizhny Novgorod) and Distinguished Professor of Industrial and Systems Engineering at the University of Florida, will talk about its impact, future developments and limitations in his honorary lecture Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Economics and Finance.
What is affect and why is it important for humans? How can feelings be defined and what is their relation to emotions and consciousness? What might be used in making a soft robot? Professor Antonio Damasio (University of Southern California, USA) discussed these and other questions in his honorary lecture, entitled 'Feeling, Knowing, and Artificial Intelligence'.The talk was delivered on April 16 at the at the XXII April International Academic Conference held by HSE University jointly with Sberbank.
General wealth levels in Eastern Europe and Central Asia have been improving since 2012 — poverty has been decreasing. But due to COVID, global poverty levels, including those of these regions, may increase considerably for the first time in two decades. Samuel Freije-Rodriguez, Lead Economist at World Bank, talked about this at the XXII April Conference organized by HSE University and Sberbank.
The global economy’s pace of recovery after the pandemic largely depends on whether consumers will return to a hedonic style of consumption. At the XXII April International Academic Conference, organized by the HSE and Sberbank, the HSE School of World Economy held a round table ‘The World Economy in the Context of the Coronavirus Pandemic’.
Experts believe that increasing productivity, diversifying the economy, as well as developing human capital and expanding non-resource exports will help boost Russia's economic growth. But the state policy has to be smart. This was discussed at a series of round tables and expert discussions on the topic of productivity at the XXII April International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development, organised by HSE University and Sberbank.
The competition for promising young researchers is intensifying around the world, and spending on preparing future generations of highly qualified specialists is on the rise. This is happening against a backdrop of digitalisation, which is creating a new digital inequality. For example, a quarter of the adult population in Russia does not possess any digital skills and does not use the Internet. These and other topics were discussed by participants of a round table held during the XXII April International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development organised by HSE University and Sberbank.
The Human Capital Multidisciplinary Research Centre will organize a series of presentations and roundtable discussions as part of theXXII HSE April Conference, which will take place from April 13 to 30, 2021.