HSE April International Participants Conference to Discuss Global and National Challenges
The Human Capital Multidisciplinary Research Centre will organize a series of presentations and roundtable discussions as part of the XXII HSE April Conference, which will take place from April 13 to 30, 2021.
The events’ topics align with the key areas of the Centre’s research. These include social and humanitarian dimensions of human capital; demography and active ageing; employment, skills and competencies; humans in the era of technological transformation; neurocognitive mechanisms of social behaviour; natural and climatic determinants of sustainable development; human capital and security in the global world.
Participants in the roundtable discussion ‘Individuals in an Era of Technological Change’ (April 13, 3:30-5:00 pm) will discuss global trends and challenges related to human capital development; digital transformation and digital inequality factors; innovation processes in the era of open innovation; and HR succession planning in science and technology.
The roundtable discussion ‘(In)homogeneous (ir)rationality. How the Brain Makes Decisions?’ (April 13, 5:15-6:45 pm) will address the role of the brain in decision-making. Experts will discuss the role of physiological state in decision-making and whether motivation is a physiological manifestation of needs. They will look at neurobiological theory of somatic markers, reinforcement learning theory in the contemporary decision-making theory, and conflict of needs and motivation as a reason for irrationality.
The XXII April International Academic Conference on Economics and Social Development will be held from April 13 to 30, 2021. For the first time, the conference is co-organized by HSE University and Sberbank. The programme includes a series of academic and expert discussions that will be held as part of the HSE-Sberbank Discussion Club – an expert platform that brings together academics, business representatives, and public officials to discuss critical economic and social challenges and share best practices in the sphere of business and institutional development, thereby laying out a path to the future.
Experts of the roundtable discussion ‘Labour Productivity and Russian Human Capital: Paradoxes of Interrelation?’ (April 14, 3:30-5:00 pm) will discuss why Russia, a leader in people with tertiary education, is falling behind other countries when it comes to labour productivity. There may be two answers to these questions: either human capital in Russia has low productive quality or Russia has serious limitations that prevent human capital from implementing its productive potential. The presentation at the roundtable will discuss the first variant.
Participants of the roundtable discussion ‘New Approaches in Washington and Moscow to Security and Arms Control Issues: 100 First Days of the American Administration’ (April 14, 5:15-6:45 pm) will discuss the following questions: How will the prolongation of the New START Treaty influence the prospects for a reconstitution and continuation of nuclear arms control? What are the chances of the USA and Russia returning to the Treaty on Open Skies? Which formats can be used to consider Moscow’s consent to introduce new types of nuclear delivery vehicles, as announced by the Russian President before the Federal Assembly, to further negotiations on strategic offensive arms reduction?
The roundtable discussion ‘The Russian Pension System after 2024: Forks in the Road and Long-term Challenges’ (April 15, 12:00-1:30 pm) will look at the present and the future of the Russian pension system. The event will include a presentation by HSE authors, ‘Russia’s pension system in the context of long-term challenges and national development goals.’ The participants will discuss the areas of development and determine the solutions that are required.
Experts of the roundtable discussion ‘Sustainable Development during the Pandemic: Natural Resources, Climate Change and Territorial Resilience’ (April 15, 1:45-3:15 pm) will discuss the changes and trends in the environment, climate and natural resources; the potential for the application of the ‘territorial resilience’ concept in Russia; prospects for economic growth during a period of deep decarbonization of the world economy, and other issues. The event will also include a special presentation by authors from HSE University.
The ‘Demographic and Social Factors of Active Longevity’ roundtable discussion (April 15, 5:15-6:45 pm) is dedicated to conceptual and methodological issues of research on the key factors of increasing the life expectancy of Russian citizens and the involvement of the older generation in economic and social activities, which are the subject of research projects within the framework of the research area ‘Demographic and social factors of active ageing’. Participants will discuss the topical issues of the methodology for developing demographic forecasts.
Experts at the roundtable discussion ‘Measuring Complex Constructs as an Objective for Higher Education in the Development of Human Potential’ (April 19, 5:15-6:45) will tackle the following questions. Why are complex constructs needed to understand and evaluate human potential? What complex constructs are the key components of human development today? The participants will discuss the socio-economic changes and processes that define the demand for complex constructs in higher education, the potential challenges in the operationalization of the complex constructs for higher education, and other issues. A special report by HSE. authors will also be presented: ‘Assessment of universal competencies as higher education results.’
On April 16, the Human Capital Multidisciplinary Research Centre will give three presentations during the conference. Asghar Zaidi (Oxford Institute of Population Ageing, UK) will deliver an honorary presentation entitled ‘Active Ageing Index in non-European countries’ (1:45-3:15 pm). This lecture is dedicated to the measure of active ageing in non-European countries. Samuel Freije-Rodrigues, Lead Economist, Poverty Global Practice, Global Practices and Cross Cutting Solutions, World Bank, will speak on ‘Poverty, Inequality and Shared Prosperity Indicators in the Europe and Central Asia Region’ (3:30-5:00 pm). He will present the recent 2020 Poverty and Shared Prosperity and talk about the impact of COVID on poverty in Europe and Central Asia. It will be followed by an honorary lecture by Antonio Damasio (University of Southern California, USA) entitled ‘Feeling, Knowing and Artificial Intelligence’ (5:15-6:45 pm), which will address how the physiology behind feelings can be transferred to the world of artificial intelligence.
The Human Capital Multidisciplinary Research Centre was created in November 2020 by HSE University and three other research organizations (RANEPA, MGIMO, and RAS Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology) and looks for responses to the global and national challenges that impact the evolution of human capital. The centre forms international interdisciplinary research teams with a leading role for Russian scholars and creates conditions for growing recognition of social sciences and humanities research in Russia.
The conference’s general information partners are TASS and the Russia-24 TV channel. The event’s general news agency partner is RIA Novosti, while its strategic partners are IA Interfax and Anews. Its general radio partner is Business FM. Media partners include Rossiyskaya Gazeta, MIC Izvestia, VTimes, News.Ru, SNOB, Indicator.Ru, Profile magazine, Parlamentskaya Gazeta, Finam.ru, Invest-Foresight, Econs.online, the ‘Scientific and Educational Policy’ Telegram channel, Polit.ru, Scientific Russia, Strategy magazine, the Agency of Social Information, and Industry of Eurasia magazine.
The XXII April International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development is drawing to a close in Moscow. In an interview with the media partner of the event, NEWS.ru, HSE University Vice Rector Ivan Prostakov spoke about how the format of the conference was organized, how the pandemic impacted the event, and how scientists and experts from different countries regard Russia.
When Risks Are Too High: The International Centre of Decision Choice and Analysis on the Outcomes of Its Work
In the more than 10 years since it was established, the HSE International Centre of Decision Choice and Analysis has travelled a long way from a laboratory to an academic centre of gravity for globally renowned scholars.Fuad Aleskerov, Professor in the HSE Faculty of Economic Sciences and Director of the HSE International Centre of Decision Choice and Analysis, spoke about the evolution of the centre’s team, its research activity, and solving Arctic dilemmas through the use of mathematical models.
An intellectual competition for secondary school students from all over the world who are lovers of science and technology will be held in Yakutia with the participation of HSE University. High school students from all over the world will gather for several days to participate in projects in the natural sciences and humanities led by scientists and scholars from around the world.
To what extent do the countries of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) benefit from an open economy? What financial, scientific, and educational policy tools will contribute to the implementation of the recently approved ‘Strategic Directions for the Development of Eurasian Economic integration until 2025’? These questions were discussed by participants in a series of expert discussions at the XXII April International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development organised by HSE University and Sberbank.
In order to remain competitive in the labour market, university graduates must be proficient not only in professional knowledge and skills, but also in a set of universal competences (UC). However, higher education systems face problems in assessing such competences due to a lack of developed approaches and methodologies. A report released by the HSE Institute of Education, ‘An Assessment of Universal Competences as Higher Education Learning Outcomes’, analyses the ways in which these challenges have been addressed in both Russia and abroad.
Artificial Intelligence (AI) has become a fundamental component of many activities in economics and finance in recent years. On April 26,Panos Pardalos, Academic Supervisor at theLaboratory of Algorithms and Technologies for Networks Analysis (LATNA at HSE Nizhny Novgorod) and Distinguished Professor of Industrial and Systems Engineering at the University of Florida, will talk about its impact, future developments and limitations in his honorary lecture Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Economics and Finance.
What is affect and why is it important for humans? How can feelings be defined and what is their relation to emotions and consciousness? What might be used in making a soft robot? Professor Antonio Damasio (University of Southern California, USA) discussed these and other questions in his honorary lecture, entitled 'Feeling, Knowing, and Artificial Intelligence'.The talk was delivered on April 16 at the at the XXII April International Academic Conference held by HSE University jointly with Sberbank.
In an open talk organized for HSE – St. Petersburg undergraduate and graduate students, Cartier CEO Cyrille Vigneron spoke about the role of the modern luxury industry in various spheres of public life including business, art, science, and education, as well as how modern management employs methods of quantum physics.
General wealth levels in Eastern Europe and Central Asia have been improving since 2012 — poverty has been decreasing. But due to COVID, global poverty levels, including those of these regions, may increase considerably for the first time in two decades. Samuel Freije-Rodriguez, Lead Economist at World Bank, talked about this at the XXII April Conference organized by HSE University and Sberbank.
The global economy’s pace of recovery after the pandemic largely depends on whether consumers will return to a hedonic style of consumption. At the XXII April International Academic Conference, organized by the HSE and Sberbank, the HSE School of World Economy held a round table ‘The World Economy in the Context of the Coronavirus Pandemic’.