HSE April International Participants Conference to Discuss Global and National Challenges
The Human Capital Multidisciplinary Research Centre will organize a series of presentations and roundtable discussions as part of the XXII HSE April Conference, which will take place from April 13 to 30, 2021.
The events’ topics align with the key areas of the Centre’s research. These include social and humanitarian dimensions of human capital; demography and active ageing; employment, skills and competencies; humans in the era of technological transformation; neurocognitive mechanisms of social behaviour; natural and climatic determinants of sustainable development; human capital and security in the global world.
Participants in the roundtable discussion ‘Individuals in an Era of Technological Change’ (April 13, 3:30-5:00 pm) will discuss global trends and challenges related to human capital development; digital transformation and digital inequality factors; innovation processes in the era of open innovation; and HR succession planning in science and technology.
The roundtable discussion ‘(In)homogeneous (ir)rationality. How the Brain Makes Decisions?’ (April 13, 5:15-6:45 pm) will address the role of the brain in decision-making. Experts will discuss the role of physiological state in decision-making and whether motivation is a physiological manifestation of needs. They will look at neurobiological theory of somatic markers, reinforcement learning theory in the contemporary decision-making theory, and conflict of needs and motivation as a reason for irrationality.
The XXII April International Academic Conference on Economics and Social Development will be held from April 13 to 30, 2021. For the first time, the conference is co-organized by HSE University and Sberbank. The programme includes a series of academic and expert discussions that will be held as part of the HSE-Sberbank Discussion Club – an expert platform that brings together academics, business representatives, and public officials to discuss critical economic and social challenges and share best practices in the sphere of business and institutional development, thereby laying out a path to the future.
Experts of the roundtable discussion ‘Labour Productivity and Russian Human Capital: Paradoxes of Interrelation?’ (April 14, 3:30-5:00 pm) will discuss why Russia, a leader in people with tertiary education, is falling behind other countries when it comes to labour productivity. There may be two answers to these questions: either human capital in Russia has low productive quality or Russia has serious limitations that prevent human capital from implementing its productive potential. The presentation at the roundtable will discuss the first variant.
Participants of the roundtable discussion ‘New Approaches in Washington and Moscow to Security and Arms Control Issues: 100 First Days of the American Administration’ (April 14, 5:15-6:45 pm) will discuss the following questions: How will the prolongation of the New START Treaty influence the prospects for a reconstitution and continuation of nuclear arms control? What are the chances of the USA and Russia returning to the Treaty on Open Skies? Which formats can be used to consider Moscow’s consent to introduce new types of nuclear delivery vehicles, as announced by the Russian President before the Federal Assembly, to further negotiations on strategic offensive arms reduction?
The roundtable discussion ‘The Russian Pension System after 2024: Forks in the Road and Long-term Challenges’ (April 15, 12:00-1:30 pm) will look at the present and the future of the Russian pension system. The event will include a presentation by HSE authors, ‘Russia’s pension system in the context of long-term challenges and national development goals.’ The participants will discuss the areas of development and determine the solutions that are required.
Experts of the roundtable discussion ‘Sustainable Development during the Pandemic: Natural Resources, Climate Change and Territorial Resilience’ (April 15, 1:45-3:15 pm) will discuss the changes and trends in the environment, climate and natural resources; the potential for the application of the ‘territorial resilience’ concept in Russia; prospects for economic growth during a period of deep decarbonization of the world economy, and other issues. The event will also include a special presentation by authors from HSE University.
The ‘Demographic and Social Factors of Active Longevity’ roundtable discussion (April 15, 5:15-6:45 pm) is dedicated to conceptual and methodological issues of research on the key factors of increasing the life expectancy of Russian citizens and the involvement of the older generation in economic and social activities, which are the subject of research projects within the framework of the research area ‘Demographic and social factors of active ageing’. Participants will discuss the topical issues of the methodology for developing demographic forecasts.
Experts at the roundtable discussion ‘Measuring Complex Constructs as an Objective for Higher Education in the Development of Human Potential’ (April 19, 5:15-6:45) will tackle the following questions. Why are complex constructs needed to understand and evaluate human potential? What complex constructs are the key components of human development today? The participants will discuss the socio-economic changes and processes that define the demand for complex constructs in higher education, the potential challenges in the operationalization of the complex constructs for higher education, and other issues. A special report by HSE. authors will also be presented: ‘Assessment of universal competencies as higher education results.’
On April 16, the Human Capital Multidisciplinary Research Centre will give three presentations during the conference. Asghar Zaidi (Oxford Institute of Population Ageing, UK) will deliver an honorary presentation entitled ‘Active Ageing Index in non-European countries’ (1:45-3:15 pm). This lecture is dedicated to the measure of active ageing in non-European countries. Samuel Freije-Rodrigues, Lead Economist, Poverty Global Practice, Global Practices and Cross Cutting Solutions, World Bank, will speak on ‘Poverty, Inequality and Shared Prosperity Indicators in the Europe and Central Asia Region’ (3:30-5:00 pm). He will present the recent 2020 Poverty and Shared Prosperity and talk about the impact of COVID on poverty in Europe and Central Asia. It will be followed by an honorary lecture by Antonio Damasio (University of Southern California, USA) entitled ‘Feeling, Knowing and Artificial Intelligence’ (5:15-6:45 pm), which will address how the physiology behind feelings can be transferred to the world of artificial intelligence.
The Human Capital Multidisciplinary Research Centre was created in November 2020 by HSE University and three other research organizations (RANEPA, MGIMO, and RAS Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology) and looks for responses to the global and national challenges that impact the evolution of human capital. The centre forms international interdisciplinary research teams with a leading role for Russian scholars and creates conditions for growing recognition of social sciences and humanities research in Russia.
The conference’s general information partners are TASS and the Russia-24 TV channel. The event’s general news agency partner is RIA Novosti, while its strategic partners are IA Interfax and Anews. Its general radio partner is Business FM. Media partners include Rossiyskaya Gazeta, MIC Izvestia, VTimes, News.Ru, SNOB, Indicator.Ru, Profile magazine, Parlamentskaya Gazeta, Finam.ru, Invest-Foresight, Econs.online, the ‘Scientific and Educational Policy’ Telegram channel, Polit.ru, Scientific Russia, Strategy magazine, the Agency of Social Information, and Industry of Eurasia magazine.
The creation of the Customs Union and the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) contributed to the development of mutual trade between their member countries. That process picked up pace significantly starting in 2019. Still, it is too early to say that the efforts by EAEU member states to achieve economic integration have been an unqualified success. This problem is the focus of a joint report that a group of experts from Russia (HSE), Kazakhstan, Belarus, Armenia and Kyrgyzstan presented at the XXIII Yasin International Academic Conference organised by HSE University in April.
Pivot to the East: A Comprehensive Study of the Cultural and Civilisational Centres of the Non-Western World is the Top Priority
China and the Chinese world, South Asia, Southeast Asia, the Arab countries, Iran, Turkey, Central Asia and Africa are gaining new significance in Russia’s foreign policy. However, we do not know enough about the Eastern countries. It is necessary to change the priorities in education, starting from grammar school. Prospects for the development of domestic Oriental studies in the context of the new stage in the development of the system of international relations were discussed at a round table at HSE University.
Representatives of More than 30 Countries Took Part in the XXIII Yasin International Academic Conference
The XXIII Yasin (April) International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development has come to a close at HSE University. In 2022, more than 3,000 participants took part in the event, including 250 registered foreign representatives—almost 10% more than last year.
Robert Romanowski was a ‘Digital Professor’ at HSE University in November 2021. In his interview for the HSE News Service, he talked about the specifics of online teaching, his course on Strategic Branding, and the skills that are essential for marketing professionals today.
There is major potential for economic and humanitarian cooperation between Russia and African countries. Particularly, Russian organisations and universities can help transfer competencies and knowledge in the fields of agriculture, energy, industrial production, environmental management, climate change, and public administration. Experts and representatives of African embassies in Russia discussed these issues at the round table ‘Russia-Africa Sharing Knowledge’ hosted by HSE University.
‘There Is a Big Question as to What Extent a Human Is Still a Human and a Machine Is Still a Machine’
Will new technologies divide or unite people and society? What mechanisms should be used to balance society’s interests and progress so that innovation does not dehumanize humans? How should interaction between humans and AI be structured? Is all technology good for people? TheXXIII Yasin (April) International Academic Conference of HSE University discusses these questions and more.
As part of the XXIII Yasin (April) International Academic Conference, HSE University held a meeting between HSE scholars and Anton Kotyakov, Minister of Labour and Social Protection of the Russian Federation. The title of the meeting was ‘The Future of Social Security: Trends and Forecasts.’ The experts and the Minister discussed the experience and lessons learned from population support initiatives during the pandemic, social protection efforts to reduce poverty and inequality, measures to counter sanctions, and the situation in the labour market.
The number of older persons and their life expectancy are on the rise in many countries worldwide. As they age, some people need assistance with daily living activities, something their family is not always capable of providing. This creates a demand for professional long-term care that integrates medical and social services. How Russia can benefit from other countries' experience of providing public long-term care is discussed in a report* presented by the HSE Centre for Social Policy Studies at the XXIII Yasin International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development hosted by the HSE University.
As part of an international project conducted with the participation of Roscosmos and the European Space Agency, a team of researchers used differential tractography to analyse dMRI scans ofcosmonauts’ brains and found significant changes in brain connectivity, with some of the changes persisting after seven months back on Earth. The paper is published in Frontiers in Neural Circuits.
In Mexico, a pilot project applying artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms enabled the Tax Administration Service to detect 1200 tax-evading companies and 3500 fraudulent transactions within three months – a task that would have taken 18 months using conventional methods. Despite some obvious benefits, the use of AI-based solutions to counter corruption also entails several challenges, according to experts of the HSE Laboratory for Anti-Corruption Policy (LAP) and the HSE Faculty of Law who have examined the relevant experience of several countries. A report based on the study’s* findings was presented at the XXIII Yasin (April) International Academic Conference hosted by the Higher School of Economics.