Internet Search Possible without Search Engines
Specialists from the HSE’s Nizhny Novgorod campus plan to create a new system of structuring data and accounting of webpages. The Laboratory of Algorithms and Technologies for Networks Analysis has won a grant from the Russian Science Foundation to study ‘Clustering and Search Techniques in Large Scale Networks.’
In total, 30 winners received support from the Russian Science Foundation. Projects are being carried out jointly by Russian and foreign researchers (with the share of Russian researchers in a group making up no more than 50%). Grants range from 5 to 10 million roubles annually.
The project ‘Clustering and Search Techniques in Large Scale Networks’ could have a wide range of applications, but as the name implies, it primarily concerns proper clustering (search for datasets that are most closely related to one another), as well as a quick search of relevant nodes in large networks. It is expected that the project will result in an original processing system for data structures and accounting of webpages that will allow for fast and relevant search of necessary information without the need for professionals resorting to internet giants, such as Google, Yahoo, Yandex and others. The first tests of the system carried out by a young member of the laboratory, Alexander Ponomarenko, showed the promise of the new approach.
Young laboratory staff members were the initiators of the project. The grant application was prepared by Mikhail Batsyn, Leading Research Fellow at LATNA, and the international project team was formed with the help of the project manager – Professor Panos Pardalos. The research group will consist of ten researchers – five Russians and five foreign specialists – and the project will last two years.
Mario Guarracino (Italian National Research Council), Nenad Mladenovic (University of Valenciennes and Hainaut-Cambresis, France), Theodore Trafalis (University of Oklahoma, USA) and Leonidas Pitsoulis (Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece) are among the foreign researchers.
‘Our foreign partners have already been in Russia. Some of them came as guest lecturers at the summer school, which we have held every year since May 2009,’ said Valery Kalyagin, head of LATNA. ‘We had more who wanted to participate, but because the grant’s terms and conditions call for foreign researchers spending a month in Russia – from October to December 2014 – not everyone was able to take part.’
The Russian side is represented by the staff from LATNA and the HSE Nizhny Novgorod, primarily young participants (four of them are around 30 years old): Mikhail Batsyn; Valery Kalyagin; Andrey Savchenko, Associate Professor of Information Systems and Technologies; Alexander Ponomarenko, Lecturer in the Department of Applied Mathematics and Informatics; and Alexey Nikolaev, trainee researcher at LATNA.
Moreover, the project calls for involving undergraduate and graduate students from the Faculty of Business Informatics and Applied Mathematics at the HSE Nizhny Novgorod. Research tasks will serve as topics for students’ term papers and graduation theses.
Maria Glazyrina, fourth-year student (Faculty of Law) and intern at the HSE news portal
The #imnotafraidtosay (Russian: #янебоюсьсказать) flashmob on Facebook and other online actions against sexual violence have helped victims to speak out about the problem and get psychological support from the web. At the same time, full frankness is hardly possible in such projects. It is directly related to anonymity. According to HSE researchers, the most painful experiences are still muted in groups where the discussants use their real names.
Instagram Micro-celebrities: What Factors Contribute to Online Endorser Credibility and Influence Consumer Behaviour?
Physical attractiveness, high-quality photos, interesting content, engagement with the audience, and subject competence are the key contributing factors to Instagram micro-celebrities' success, according to a study which examines the influence of online celebrity endorsers on consumer purchase intentions.
What do staff efficiency, power of the Medici family, and the Ebola epidemic have in common? It is that they can be studied with network analysis. In 2017, HSE launched a new English-taught master’s programme ‘Applied Statistics with Network Analysis’.Valentina Kuskova, head of theInternational laboratory for Applied Network Research, told the HSE news service how network research works in social studies.
The internet has changed how people approach job hunting and recruitment. Employment websites and social networks are now competing with personal connections as the key channel for offering and finding jobs and have replaced most other channels, according to Sergey Roshchin, Sergei Solntsev and student at the HSE ICEF Dmitry Vasilyev's paper 'The Evolution of Job Hunting and Recruitment in the Internet Age'.
On 8th — 11th June the International Conference on Computational Social Science, organised by the University of Aalto took place in Helsinki, attended by many of the leading lights in this new area of academic research where the meeting between sociology and computer science has the potential to design better societies.
Lyubov Borusiak, Associate Professor at the Faculty of Communications, Media and Design, School of Integrated Communications will be giving a paper at the XVI International April Conference on Economic and Social Development about her research into social networks and what young Russians read. She talked to the HSE English Language News service about her findings and about whether Russian reading habits are changing with the new generation.
Peter Major, vice-chairman of the Radiocommunication Advisory Group of the International Telecommunication Union and chairman of the Group on Information Systems of the ITU Radiocommunication Bureau at the United Nations, is one of the world's leading experts in the field of Internet Governance. He recently spoke with the HSE news service about some of these developments, particularly with respect to multi-stakeholder cooperation.