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2

Thursday, January 21

18:10

CInSt Research Seminar 'The Distributional Effects of Student Loan Forgiveness'

online
Illustration for news: Values Evolution: East Still to Catch Up with West

Values Evolution: East Still to Catch Up with West

Since World War II, people in many countries have enjoyed a better sense of wellbeing, which has resulted in survival values giving way to emancipation values. Threats no longer lurk at every turn, and each new generation sees more opportunities and fewer barriers to empowerment. The book Freedom Rising by LCCR Chief Research Fellow Christian Welzel offers some ideas on how widespread this process is, whether it is irreversible and where human emancipation can lead.

Illustration for news: What Russians Tell Tourists about their Towns

What Russians Tell Tourists about their Towns

Residents of provincial Russian towns put it differently when talking about their towns to Muscovites, foreigners, and tourists from other Russian regions. Such an ‘individual approach’ is spontaneous and may be useful in creating city tourist brands, concluded Nadezhda Radina as a result of her experiment, which involved over 800 residents of Russian provinces.

Illustration for news: Can Nicotine Help to Treat Schizophrenia?

Can Nicotine Help to Treat Schizophrenia?

Several studies have indicated that schizophrenic patients are likely to show high levels of nicotine dependence. Scientists from Higher School of Economics (HSE), Institut Pasteur, the CNRS, Inserm and the ENS employed a mouse model to elucidate how nicotine influences cells in the prefrontal cortex. They visualized how nicotine has a direct impact on the restoration of normal activity in nerve cells (neurons) involved in psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia. These findings were published in a paper that appeared in the journal Nature Medicine.

Illustration for news: Russians with Degrees: Where Are They Employed?

Russians with Degrees: Where Are They Employed?

Russia has a problem with the under-utilisation of education. Almost 30% of employees with university degrees report no connection whatsoever between their training and current occupation, according to Elena Varshavskaya's paper 'Where and in what jobs highly educated Russians work.'

Illustration for news: Alcoholism May Be Caused by Dynamical Dopamine Imbalance

Alcoholism May Be Caused by Dynamical Dopamine Imbalance

Researchers from the Higher School of Economics, Ecole Normale Supérieure, Paris, Indiana University and the Russian Academy of Sciences Nizhny Novgorod Institute of Applied Physics have identified potential alcoholism mechanisms, associated with altered dopaminergic neuron response to complex dynamics of prefrontal cortex neurones affecting dopamine release.

Illustration for news: Which Crimes Do Russian Police Investigate?

Which Crimes Do Russian Police Investigate?

In deciding whether or not they will register a particular incident or offence and whether they will investigate it according to the rules or in exchange for a bribe, Russian law enforcement officers tend to act from one of four different perspectives: state, departmental, commercial or professional, according to Elena Berdysheva's study 'Varying Worth of Crimes in the Eyes of Policemen in Russia'.

Who Has Access to Higher Education in Russia?

Experts of the HSE Institute of Education examined access to higher education in Russia and found that it varies across regions. Besides, the possibility of getting a degree can be quite low in some parts of the country.

Illustration for news: Motor Cortex Influences Word Comprehension

Motor Cortex Influences Word Comprehension

Researchers from HSE, Northumbria University, and Aarhus University have experimentally confirmed the hypothesis, whereby comprehension of a word’s meaning involves not only the ‘classic’ language brain centres but also the cortical regions responsible for the control of body muscles, such as hand movements. The resulting brain representations are, therefore, distributed across a network of locations involving both areas specialised for language processing and those responsible for the control of the associated action. The results have been published in the journal Neuropsychologia.

Illustration for news: HSE Experts Investigate How Order Emerges From Chaos

HSE Experts Investigate How Order Emerges From Chaos

Igor Kolokolov and Vladimir Lebedev, scientific experts from HSE’s Faculty of Physics and the Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics of Russian Academy of Sciences, have developed an analytical theory, which binds the structure of coherent vortices formed due to inverse cascades in 2-D turbulence with the statistical properties of hydrodynamic fluctuations. Uncovering this link can be useful in identifying the causes of the particular characteristics of such atmospheric phenomena as cyclones and anticyclones. Their research is presented in an article published in the ‘Journal of Fluid Mechanics’.

Illustration for news: Who Finances Charities

Who Finances Charities

The belief that the non-profit sector is mainly supported by private donations is nothing but a myth. According to Natalia Ivanova's study Foreign Experience of Government's Impact on Philanthropy and Its Applicability in Russia, government support accounts for a substantial part of charity budgets.