‘At the Conference We’ll Be Talking about Different Facets of Life in Russia: From New Investment Policy to the Digital Economy’
Today, the XIX April International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development begins. HSE Academic Supervisor Evgeny Yasin talks about the main topics that will be covered at the conference, as well as some of the participants.
The April Conference, above all, is an academic event and an opportunity for researchers from across Russia and other countries to express their views on the problems of contemporary economics. As we traditionally do, we will hold an interesting plenary session with representatives from the Ministry of Economic Development, Ministry of Finance, Center for Strategic Research, Sberbank and the Central Bank of Russia covering the development potential of Russia’s economy. In particular, Maxim Oreshkin, Russia’s Minister of Economic Development and one-time student at HSE, will speak on this topic.
Today, HSE is not only focused on economics, as it was 15-20 years ago. Whereas the first April Conferences concentrated solely on economic issues, the situation has changed somewhat today. We’ll be talking about different facets of life in Russia – from new investment policies to issues surrounding the digital economy and demographics.
In previous years, the global economic situation was developing in such a way that we could rely on oil. Today, the situation is different, and we need to understand the development path we are planning that will allow us to achieve economic growth and increase prosperity. I am convinced that human capital should play a very important role for the development of Russia’s economy in the coming years. Economists and sociologists have long been studying this phenomenon, including by keeping in mind the education of people in terms of their economic interests and their interest in certain institutions that increase the level of knowledge of a particular person. It is human capital that is becoming the main force in the development of Russia’s economy, which means that society should be interested in making this capital rise up and be placed into circulation. A plenary session entitled ‘Human Capital and Social Policy’ is dedicated to this topic; the main speakers are our rector, Yaroslav Kuzminov, and the director of the HSE Institute for Social Policy, Lilia Ovcharova. We anticipate that the discussion will be attended by Deputy Prime Minister Olga Golodets.
I plan to attend the speech by Russian Finance Minister Anton Siluanov, who will talk about the role of budget policy in ensuring economic growth. In my opinion, this will be one of the most important and interesting plenary sessions, since the budgetary sphere is one of the most painful today. I hope that we will have a meaningful conversation with colleagues who have been invited from the State Duma's Control and Budget Committee.
I am also interested in the other plenary sessions, in particular, the report concerning the new phase of anti-monopoly policy in Russia. The head of the Russia’s Federal Anti-Monopoly Service, Igor Artemyev, will unveil the 5th anti-monopoly package. I also plan to attend the meeting where the challenges and prospects involving structural policy will be discussed. In my view, it is very important to clearly identify the priority sectors of the economy that will receive special attention from the state and business, and what kind of policy should be pursued with respect to them. I look forward to the report by Yuri Simachev, HSE’s Director of Economic Policy.
As I already mentioned, the format of the conference does not stipulate emphasis on any one key topic. The conference will also include sessions devoted to the national data management system and interaction between society, business and the state in the digital age. Problems, prospects and challenges concerning education will also be addressed, as will the technological future of Russia’s economy and structural policy. The agenda is quite rich and diverse, and I hope that I’ll be able to attend most of the meetings and sessions.
Seniors in Russia are not responsive to public promotion of healthy living. Their behaviours follow eight different patterns, and a healthy lifestyle is far from being the most popular one. Only 17% of elderly people live what can be termed a 'healthy' lifestyle, Elena Selezneva discovered. The results of the study were presented at the XIX April International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development at HSE.
The report entitled ‘Twelve Solutions for New Education’, prepared by the Higher School of Economics and the Centre for Strategic Development, was presented at the XIX April International Academic Conference. Professors Martin Carnoy and Tomasso Agasisti, international experts on education and conference guests, have shared their views on the issues and initiatives highlighted in the report.
One of the roundtables held during the XIX April Academic Conference featured a discussion of the report on morphology of Russian cities presented by Robert Buckley, Senior Fellow in the Graduate Program in International Affairs at The New School, US. The report looked at what Russian cities look like in terms of population density, how the patterns Russian cities exhibit compare with those of other cities around the world, and what individual behaviours might have contributed to the appearance of a certain pattern.
The notion that Karl Marx's works have been studied inside and out is fundamentally incorrect. The huge body of his manuscripts has still not been completely processed, and his seminal work, Capital, was only recently published with the final edits of the author. The 19th April Conference at the Higher School of Economics included the section ‘Methodology of Economic Science’ which was devoted to the work of the German philosopher and political scientist. Independent researcher and professor from Berlin, Thomas Kuczynski, gave a presentation at the conference which pointed out numerous aspects of Marx’s continuous rethinking of allegedly fixed truths.
During a plenary session of the HSE XIX April International Academic Conference, participants discussed the technological future of the Russian economy and how it relates to objectives such as speeding up economic growth and improving the quality of life.
These days, no scientific research is carried out without the use of digital media for the production or dissemination of knowledge. The term ‘Digital Humanities’ reflects this process and constitutes a scientific field where humanists not only aim to use a certain software, but also to understand research using quantitative semantics. However, digital infrastructures are not the same globally. In her talk at the HSE April International Academic Conference Dr Gimena del Rio Riande addressed various issues that arise in connection with digital humanities.
Slower GDP growth rates over the last several years were brought about by changes on international markets and the exhaustion of transformational bonuses due to the transition from a planned economy to a market economy, and this slowdown proves the necessity of looking for new solutions for stimulating the economy. The authors of the paper ‘Structural Changes in the Russian Economy and Structural Policy’ conducted a large-scale analysis on structural policy in Russia and around the world, as well as on possible ways for this policy to develop further. The first presentation of the paper took place as part of the plenary session called ‘Structural Policy in Russia: New Conditions and a Possible Agenda,’ which closed out HSE’s XIX April International Academic Conference.
The winner of the 2018 award is Ina Ganguli, Professor at the University of Massachusetts Amherst. The American researcher stood out for her series of articles analysing the productivity of Russian scientists in the 1990s, as well as their decisions concerning emigration and the impact that emigration had on the diffusion of Russian science in the United States.
The subject of the risks and challenges related to sanctions on Russia is crucial in defining a number of different areas of economic policy. Participants in the round table focused on improving the business environment as one of the ways of responding to sanctions, exchanged opinions during the 19th April International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development about how to move into positive economic growth while under this external pressure.
On April 11, the educational portion of the XIX April International Academic Conference featured a presentation and discussion of the paper ‘12 Solutions for New Education,’ which was prepared by the Higher School of Economics and the Centre for Strategic Development.