‘The Future Growth of the World Economy is Critical for Geopolitical Decisions’
The XVI April International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development is scheduled to take place from April 7-10, 2015, but plans are already underway among the organizers and participants alike. Recently, Dale Jorgenson, Samuel W. Morris University Professor of Economics at Harvard University, spoke with the HSE news service about his long history of cooperation with HSE. Professor Jorgenson, an internationally recognized expert on information technology and economic growth, among other subjects, shared his expectations for this year’s conference.
— How did your cooperation with the HSE begin?
— I met with Academic Supervisor Evgeny Yasin at my Harvard office, shortly after the founding of the Higher School of Economics in 1992. Yasin described the School’s objectives in pretty much the same terms as the ‘History’ section of the HSE website.
I immediately came to share his enthusiasm about training a new generation of researchers and practitioners and generating and disseminating modern economic knowledge in Russia. Although the obstacles seemed to me to be very formidable, I agreed to cooperate by hosting visits by HSE faculty and students to Harvard and by visiting HSE in Moscow. Later, with help and advice from Yasin, I launched a joint research programme between Harvard and HSE with support from the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade, then headed by the distinguished economist, Elvira Nabiullina. Harvard is also represented on the International Advisory Committee of HSE by my colleague, Eric Maskin, who is the Committee Chairman.
I will discuss the outlook for world economic growth at the April Conference, including the outlook for Russia and other members of the G8, as well as leading emerging economies such as China and India.
— What's on your research plate with HSE colleagues, if anything?
— Our joint project is the Russian component of the World KLEMS Initiative. The purpose of this initiative is to promote and compare patterns of productivity and economic growth around the world. The initiative now involves almost 40 countries and spans five continents — Europe, North America, South America, Asia, and Australia. Ten countries produce internationally comparable data on productivity and economic growth as part of their systems of national accounts.
The Russian project is led by Ilya Voskoboynikov at HSE, who visited Harvard as a student and later as a faculty member. He will present his latest results at a session that will also include Marcel Timmer of Groningen University in The Netherlands, the supervisor of his doctoral research, and Kyoji Fukao of Hitotsubashi University in Tokyo, the leader of Asia KLEMS, a project that involves China, India, and Korea as well as Japan. We plan to discuss incorporation of the Russian data into the Russian national accounts with the leaders of Rosstat, the Russian statistical agency.
—Climate change, information technology, environmental behaviour — all of this is only part of your research interests. What would you consider the most burning issue in your area of expertise for international cooperation?
— The most burning issue on my personal agenda is reviving and maintaining economic growth in the aftermath of the world economic and financial crisis. I will discuss the outlook for world economic growth at the April Conference, including the outlook for Russia and other members of the G8, as well as leading emerging economies such as China and India. China has recently overtaken the United States as the world’s largest economy and India has overtaken Japan. As a consequence, the rapid growth of the world economy that preceded the crisis will continue well into the future. Each of the major economies faces major challenges, urbanization and environmental deterioration in the case of China and India, demographic decline in the case of Europe and the United States. Russia is now the world’s sixth largest economy and faces special challenges posed by the recent collapse of world oil prices.
HSE conferences have provided the ideal venue for frank and informative discussions and I am very grateful for the opportunity to participate.
I am confident that researchers at HSE and the practitioners they have trained will meet these challenges and look forward to hearing their views at the Conference.
— How could international experts influence and add value to geopolitical decision-making?
— The future growth the world economy is critical for geopolitical decisions, but there are many other dimensions as well, requiring other forms of expertise. Economists can collaborate with experts in other aspects of international relations to add value to international negotiations.
— Have you been to Moscow before? What plans do you have while not at the Conference?
— Thanks to close cooperation with HSE over many years, I have had many opportunities to visit Moscow. I am especially interested in the great art collections at Tretyakov Gallery and Pushkin Museum, as well as the historic buildings of the Kremlin. I had hoped to attend an opera performance at the Bolshoi Theater, which was undergoing renovation during my last visit to Moscow. Although these very impressive renovations are now complete, this will have to wait for my next visit.
Of course, there are many other fascinating places to visit in a great city like Moscow and many interesting people to meet. I look forward to renewing my acquaintance with many Russian colleagues at HSE and other leading economic research institutions. I also look forward to hearing from leading economic policymakers in Russia about the issues facing the Russian economy. HSE conferences have provided the ideal venue for frank and informative discussions and I am very grateful for the opportunity to participate.
Anna Chernyakhovskaya, specially for HSE News Service
On June 18, the third International Partners’ Week ‘Academic Agility: Preparing Students for an Uncertain Future’ began at HSE University. The event brings together representatives of more than 30 universities from 16 countries, including France, Italy, Germany, the Netherlands, Turkey, the USA, Finland, the United Kingdom, and China. They have all come to Moscow to learn more about the kind of learning experience HSE University can provide, as well as to discuss practical challenges and solutions regarding international mobility.
On June 3-4, a conference entitled ‘Beyond Post-Truth: Media Landscapes in the “Age of Insecurity”’ was held in St. Petersburg. The conference was jointly organized by the Poletayev Institute for Theoretical and Historical Studies in the Humanities (IGITI) at HSE University, the Leibniz Institute for the History and Culture of Eastern Europe at GWZO Leipzig, the Max Weber Center for Advanced Cultural and Social Studies at the University of Erfurt, and Justus Liebig University Giessen.
This May, HSE and the Science and Technology Policy Institute (STEPI, Republic of Korea) signed a cooperation agreement on science and advanced technology research. This agreement was signed by Leonid Gokhberg, HSE First Vice Rector, Director of the Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge, and Dr. Hwang-Hee Cho, STEPI President.
This year's theme of the International Partners Week held this past May at HSE St. Petersburg was ‘Nurturing Global Citizens for a Global World’. Participants gathered to discuss common issues that universities face in regard to internationalisation, exchange approaches to implementing the Global Citizens concept, visit the university’s facilities, acquaint HSE SPb students with universities overseas, and, of course, enjoy St Petersburg’s White Nights.
On May 23-24, following the Days of the International Academy of Education held earlier this week, the General Assembly of the International Academy of Education took place at HSE University Moscow. The assembly brings together education researchers and experts from all over the world, and this is the first time that the biannual meeting was held in Russia. Over the course of two days, members discussed joint projects and publications and met newly inducted members who had the opportunity to introduce themselves and present their research. Members also took part in small group discussions on a variety of topics, including digital literacy and math education.
The HSE Centre for Studies of Income and Living Standards studied the dynamics of the middle class and its behaviour with regard to paid services. The study was based on data drawn from the HSE Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey (RLMS-HSE) for the years 2000 to 2017, and the results were presented at the 20th April International Academic Conference hosted by HSE.
On May 20, the Days of the International Academy of Education commenced at the Higher School of Economics in Moscow. Experts from all over the world engaged in identifying global education policy trends will hold a series of meetings, master classes, seminars and open lectures. They will share their experience with Russian researchers, instructors and education policy makers over the course of three days.
Reproductive behavior is modernizing at different rates in post-Soviet countries. Things are changing faster in Russia, Armenia, Georgia and Ukraine, where, over the last fifteen years, the average maternity age has increased and the contribution of women in their thirties to their countries’ birthrates has grown. Meanwhile, old reproductive patterns persist in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, where firstborns are usually born to parents under 30, demographers Vladimir Kozlov and Konstantin Kazenin note in a paper delivered at HSE’s XX April International Academic Conference.
More than half of school graduates in medium-sized Russian cities will change their place of residence either forever or at least for a long time. According a report on internal migration presented by HSE demographers at the XX April International Academic Conference, these people are lost to their cities.
This year, the HSE Faculty of Law is launching new extended programmes in Common Law, for which graduates will receive a degree from the University of London. These programmes are open for first-year students, as well as for other students and professionals.