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How the Telephone Conquered the World. Episode Nine: Big Connections

BRITISH PRIME MINISTER LORD SALISBURY (LEFT) CONSULTING WITH FRENCH PRESIDENT SADI CARNOT (RIGHT) ABOUT AN ENTREE FOR DINNER. IMAGINED CONVERSATION, PUNCH CARTOON, 1891
The history of the invention of telephony reads like a captivating detective novel, but even more intriguing are the events that contributed to the worldwide adoption of this technology. In this series of columns on IQ.HSE, Anton Basov, HSE Faculty of Computer Science editor, discusses how telephones have become an integral part of our everyday life. The ninth episode of the series explores the development of the first long-distance, interstate, and transatlantic telephone lines, which suddenly made people thousands of kilometres away feel as close as if they were in the same room together.

HSE Economists Develop a Model for Sustainable Solar Geoengineering Agreements

HSE Economists Develop a Model for Sustainable Solar Geoengineering Agreements
Researchers at HSE University and George Mason University have investigated the sustainability of prospective international agreements on solar geoengineering. The authors have proposed a scheme in which payments flow from affluent nations to less wealthy ones; an arrangement which sets their proposal apart from traditional systems. The proposed model aims to dissuade more vulnerable countries from excessive use of the prevalent geoengineering method by providing compensation for the potential damage they may incur and supporting their adaptation to climate change. The paper has been published in Environmental and Resource Economics.

How the Telephone Conquered the World. Episode Eight: The Russian Field of Experiments

How the Telephone Conquered the World. Episode Eight: The Russian Field of Experiments
The history of the invention of telephony reads like a captivating detective novel, but even more intriguing are the events that contributed to the worldwide adoption of this technology. In this series of columns on IQ.HSE, Anton Basov, HSE Faculty of Computer Science editor, discusses how telephones have become an integral part of our everyday life. The eighth episode of the series recounts how Russia first adapted the telephone for military and logistical purposes, created a shell company headed by a nominal executive for reselling the rights to Western competitors, and intensively developed communication infrastructure in the country's two capitals, making such progress that Vladimir Lenin insisted on capturing and maintaining control of telephone exchanges at all costs.

Human Bodies Impede 6G Signal Transmission

Human Bodies Impede 6G Signal Transmission
A team of researchers, including scientists from HSE University, have investigated the influence of human movement on the propagation of 6G signals. Within a range of up to 10 metres, the signal attenuation is comparatively minor, yet brief connection failures may still occur. Based on the study findings, a blockage detection algorithm has been developed to account for both signal attenuation and interruptions. The gaming industry is likely to derive the greatest benefits from this discovery. A paper with the study findings has been published in Computer Communications.

'Working in an Academic Environment Is Like Running an Ultramarathon'

'Working in an Academic Environment Is Like Running an Ultramarathon'
Anton Galeev’s longstanding interest in tracing the origins of academic theories has led him to study the historical development of economic thought. In this interview with the HSE Young Scientists project, Anton discusses Russian economist Yuly Zhukovsky, the importance of staying in good writing shape, and how Disney's Frozen helped solve the Dyatlov Pass mystery.

Research by HSE University and EISR: After visiting Russia Exhibition, the Vast Majority Feel Proud of their Country and Confident in Tomorrow

Research by HSE University and EISR: After visiting Russia Exhibition, the Vast Majority Feel Proud of their Country and Confident in Tomorrow
The achievements presented at the Russia International Exhibition and Forum make visitors proud of their country, believe 98% of the participants in a recent study prepared by HSE University and the Expert Institute for Social Research (EISR) in January 2024. More than 4,200 respondents took part in the survey.

Neural Networks of Power: AI Unravels Knots and Tangles in Relationships between Humans, Elves and Hobbits

Neural Networks of Power: AI Unravels Knots and Tangles in Relationships between Humans, Elves and Hobbits
One of the most popular writers of the last century, John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, was born on January 3rd. Researchers from HSE University, AIRI and MISSIS have used machine learning to explore the social connections between the characters of his Middle-earth universe. The algorithm managed to create an accurate picture of the social structures and dynamics of the characters' relationships, providing a unique map of interactions in the epic world. The results of the work were published in IEEE Xplore.

Scientists Discover Cause of Metastasis Formation in Patients with Colorectal Cancer

Scientists Discover Cause of Metastasis Formation in Patients with Colorectal Cancer
An international team of researchers including scientists at the HSE Faculty of Biology and Biotechnology has identified factors which can increase the aggressiveness of tumours in patients with colorectal cancer. An isoform of CD44 protein has been found to play a pivotal role in the development of metastases. The study findings have been published in Molecular Oncology.

Russia and Africa: Sharing Knowledge in Digitalisation

Russia and Africa: Sharing Knowledge in Digitalisation
A school focusing on the digitalisation of public administration for civil servants from African countries was held in Moscow in December 2023. The school proved the high demand for Russian training programmes — representatives of 23 countries and 3 international organisations received certificates following advanced training.

How the Telephone Conquered the World. Episode Seven: German Efficiency

TELEPHONE EXCHANGE IN STETTIN, 1892
The history of the invention of telephony reads like a captivating detective novel, but even more intriguing are the events that contributed to the worldwide adoption of this technology. In this series of columns on IQ.HSE, Anton Basov, HSE Faculty of Computer Science editor, discusses how telephones have become an integral part of our everyday life. The seventh episode in the series recounts the story of German bureaucrats, who proved to be the most astute in Europe by ensuring effective telephony first for themselves and subsequently for all major cities in Germany. However, even there, the government's dominant role over the free market slowed down the adoption of the new technology.