‘Distance Education for Universities Is an Opportunity to Break into the Future’
The 2020 eSTARS conference, organized by HSE University in partnership with the global educational platform Coursera, has commenced. For the first time in its history, the event is being held entirely online. At the plenary session and the first panel session, representatives of the world's leading universities, their associations, and educational platforms spoke about the role of digitalization in the development of higher education, the impact of the pandemic on education, and new approaches to how teachers and students can interact.
In his greeting to the conference participants, Minister of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation Valery Falkov noted that even before the pandemic, the digitalization of the economy had set the task of digitally transforming universities, research centres, and industrial partners. Online education has already become a clear global trend, and platforms are showing significant growth. At the beginning of the pandemic, leading Russian universities provided free access to more than 630 courses in various areas.
As HSE Rector Yaroslav Kuzminov emphasized, Russia considerably outpaces the rest of the world in online learning development, and this can be explained by Russia’s sheer size. At the same time, a number of Russian universities have demonstrated a resistance to the introduction of digital technologies. Weak university instructors, to whom students already prefer their ‘digital competitors’—i.e., instructors of leading universities—argue that distance education is not of high quality, and thus try to maintain their positions.
According to Yaroslav Kuzminov, for universities, distance education is an opportunity to break into the future and provide higher quality education. For a student, regardless of where they study, the options are limitless. In an increasing number of universities, massive online courses are replacing standard lectures, and this is understandable — only 15% of students usually attend these kinds of lectures, whereas massive online courses are attended by everyone who signs up for them. This frees up the time of professors: after their students have mastered the content of a course online, they can meet with those of them who are interested in the material.
The rector announced the upcoming launch of four new HSE online Master's programmes in conjunction with Coursera, in addition to the existing Master of Data Science programme implemented by the Faculty of Computer Science. Coursera CEO Jeff Magionkalda, in turn, noted that universities like HSE are at the forefront of innovation, and there is no other university in the world that cooperates with the educational platform so actively.
Mr. Magionkalda noted that the pandemic has significantly accelerated the digital transformation of education. With nearly 90% of universities around the world ending contact learning, Coursera launched an initiative to support university distance learning, and a similar initiative was launched for those who have lost their jobs. The number of Coursera enrollees has grown significantly: 76 million people worldwide take courses on the platform, including 2 million people in Russia. Collaboration with government organizations and industry partners has also been established: more than 2,000 companies around the world use its courses to improve their employees’ digital skills. ‘Students want the skills of the future to help them get the jobs of the future,’ said Jeff Magionkalda.
Luciano Saso, Vice-Rector of European University Networks, professor of pharmacy and medicine at Sapienza University of Rome, and President of the Network of Universities of European Capitals (UNICA), emphasized in his speech the benefits of online education, which became evident during the pandemic. First of all, he said, this concerns academic mobility. It has become clear that a professor might not move to another university to merely teach one short course there. In the same way, great opportunities have emerged for students to communicate with professors around the world and create international research groups. Luciano Saso showed two photographs of the Anatomical Theatre in Genoa—one before the pandemic and one after: in the first it looks the same as several centuries ago, while in the second, it is a modern auditorium with digital equipment for event broadcasting.
At the university session ‘The Impact of COVID-19 on Education: Challenges and Successful Practices’, the Italian professor’s thesis on the new academic mobility was continued by his Spanish colleague Carmela Calés Bourdet, Vice-Rector for Internationalization of Universidad Autónoma of Madrid. She suggested using the term ‘blended mobility’, which in the context of digital development becomes mobility for all. European universities had taken the first steps towards a transition to blended mobility by combining virtual and physical mobility even before the pandemic, and it was received with great enthusiasm. The educational process in this model involves both contact hours and learning using digital technologies, as well as both listening to lectures and engaging in teamwork.
‘Thanks to digital technologies, it was possible to remove many barriers to the organization of the educational process associated with time and space,’ said HSE Vice Rector Sergei Roshchin. ‘HSE University has been able to invite colleagues from various universities around the world by forming the Institute of Digital Professors. International colleagues now teach classes at our university, and this is an important element in improving the quality of education. In addition, we now have the opportunity to conduct online courses for all four of HSE’s campuses in four Russian cities at the same time.’
In his presentation, Vice Rector Roshchin also stressed that massive online courses, which previously seemed to be the main innovation, are now becoming just one element of the distance learning system. This system should be complemented by other elements of online education related to direct communication between teachers and students. There is a serious demand for tutoring, which can only exist in a synchronous format, and for communication via video conference.
This idea was supported by Sorin Costreie, Vice-Rector of the University of Bucharest. ‘We need to pause and analyze: are we just delivering information to students or do we need a real dialogue with them that is interactive? A professor does not need to be a guru; their ability to communicate with students is much more important. The problem of students turning off their cameras during class, of course, does exist, and the language of gestures and facial expressions are also an important part of communication. One way or another, we are now working in a new reality, and we need to learn to adapt to it,’ he said.
Francisco Marmolejo, Education Advisor for the Qatar Foundation, which specializes in education, research, and community development, recalled the 1997 words of the American management theorist Peter Drucker that universities will not survive unless they change the way in which they transfer knowledge. Now this method has changed, and very quickly at that. Another issue is that the transition to new technologies is limited by the digital divide, and some people cannot learn simply due to not having a computer with Internet. Therefore, the main challenge facing education all over the world is to reduce the inequalities that arise from online learning. It is also necessary to look for new ways to engage students so that they do not fall asleep or switch to online games or chats with friends during class.
Ren Yi, Pro Vice-Chancellor of the University of Southern Queensland (Australia), spoke about the need to create an ecosystem of support for distance learners. For example, universities should provide a support hotline with 24/7 access from various devices. It is also necessary to support teachers: before the pandemic, many of them had no online experience at all, and universities had to quickly integrate new technologies into the learning process and teach professors how to conduct classes online and record lectures in video studios. Ronghuai Huang, Co-Dean of the Smart Learning Institute of Beijing Normal University, suggested that lengthy lectures should not be held online and that videos should be limited to 15 minutes or less so that students are not overwhelmed.
Times of Crisis and Opportunity is the title of the OECD Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) Outlook published in January. The document focuses on STI responses to the pandemic while assessing the impact of the COVID-19 crisis on science and technology. Mikhail Gershman, Deputy Director of the Centre of Science, Technology, Innovation and Information Policy, discusses the contribution of the Institute of Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge (ISSEK) to the Outlook and discusses some aspects of ISSEK’s long-standing partnership with OECD.
More than a hundred countries have already declared that they see achieving ‘zero emissions with the exception of absorption’ as their main goal in fighting climate change. For Russia, a country that receives significant income from the export of fossil energy resources, the global rejection of hydrocarbons poses great risks. Experts discussed the issue at the research seminar ‘Decarbonization as a Global Trend: Changing the Economic Landscape and Its Importance for Companies’, which was jointly organized by HSE University and the Association of European Businesses.
Professor Oleg Melnikov is among the international professors invited to work remotely with HSE University’s students this academic year. He lives in California, runs the Data Science department at a company in Palo Alto, and teaches at Stanford and other universities in the United States. At HSE University he teaches a course on machine learning for the students of the Faculty of Computer Science and the International College of Economics and Finance (ICEF), as well as a university-wide optional course, ‘Machine Learning in Python’. He spoke about his work in an interview with the HSE News Service.
Pasha Andreyanov, Assistant Professor in the Department of Theoretical Economics at HSE University and Tomasz Sadzik, Assistant Professor of Economics at University of California, have described a mechanism that allows the stock market to remain relatively calm despite the growing influence of retail investors. Their joint article, 'Robust Mechanism Design of Exchange', was published in the Review of Economic Studies, one of the top 5 academic journals in economics and finance.
Dean Fantazzini, Deputy Head of the Department of Econometrics and Mathematical Methods in Economics at Moscow School of Economics in Moscow State University and Visiting Scholar at the HSE ICEF, was the first foreigner to defend his DSc thesis at HSE University. We spoke with Dean Fantazzini about his research and cooperation with HSE.
Students need digital skills, both in life and in their future work. But many universities are not yet ready to provide students with them, despite the current circumstances in which universities have had to transition to online learning due to the COVID-19 epidemic. The development of online formats has been uneven: there are bright leaders and the rest modestly ‘stand aside’. They lack resources, confidence in digital education, and a regulatory framework. At the eSTARS International Conference organised by HSE University in partnership with Coursera, experts discussed the challenges of digitalisation in higher education.
eSTARS 2020, the international education conference organized by HSE University in partnership with the global educational platform Coursera, reached its conclusion on December 2. This year, which marked the annual event’s 3rd meeting, the conference was held entirely online for the first time.
Representatives of governmental bodies and international organizations joined BRICS experts to discuss anti-corruption education at a roundtable that took place on December 1 as a videoconference. Representatives of HSE university participated in the event organization and the discussion itself.
Edmond W.H. Lee, a full professor at the Department of Mathematics, Nova Southeastern University, USA, has recently defended his Doctor of Sciences (DSc) thesis at the Dissertation Council in Mathematics, HSE University. The DSc in Russia is a higher doctoral degree that can be earned after the PhD. Professor Lee’s defence was held over Zoom, with the candidate and his dissertation committee members participating remotely from 5 cities in Brazil, Israel, Russia, and the USA. Lee became the first international recipient of a DSc degree in Mathematics from HSE University.
How can we achieve balanced growth of the global economy? What is a human-centred approach for economic growth? How can we measure the contribution of corporations to sustainable development? On December 1- 2, visionaries of sustainable development — more than 50 international experts from 23 countries, including representatives of government organizations and businesses, non-profit organizations, and civil society activists — will answer these questions at the Global Impact Conference.